Natural Radionuclides Concentrations and Annual Effective Dose in Seasonal Fruits of Bangladesh
Nuclear Science
Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2018, Pages: 28-35
Received: Oct. 1, 2018; Accepted: Oct. 17, 2018; Published: Nov. 9, 2018
Views 355      Downloads 27
Rumman Mustakim, Department of Physics, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Jannatul Ferdous, Health Physics Division, Atomic Energy Center, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Aleya Begum, Health Physics Division, Atomic Energy Center, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Aminul Islam, Department of Physics, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Article Tools
Follow on us
The aim of the present study was to investigate the activity concentrations of natural radionuclides in different seasonal fruits of Bangladesh. In total 20 samples of 16 different kinds of fruits were collected from the local markets of Bangladesh. The radioactivity of these samples was measured by using Gamma Spectrometry System. The radioactivity of natural radionuclides in the studied seasonal fruit samples were found to be ranged from BDL to 31.13±10.63 Bqkg-1 with an average 10.95 Bqkg-1 due to 238U, from 1.55±0.73 to 34.59±7.43 Bqkg-1 with an average 6.68 Bqkg-1 due to 232Th and from BDL to 733.25±61.17 Bqkg-1 with an average 308 Bqkg-1 due to 40K. Artificial radionuclide was not found in the studied fruit samples. The maximum activities of 238U, 232Th and 40K were observed, respectively in coconut, jujube and papaya. However, the average concentrations of all radionuclides mentioned above in the studied samples were found to be less than the world average. The total annual internal effective dose from the consumption of radioactive fruits was found to be 8.39 μSv/y. The value the annual effective dose in all samples in this study was lower than ICRP 72; therefore, the values natural radioactivity and annual effective dose in the seasonal fruits are found to be safe and no health-hazards are createdfor the population of Bangladesh.
Radioactivity, Seasonal Fruit, Gamma Spectrometry System, Annual Effective Dose
To cite this article
Rumman Mustakim, Jannatul Ferdous, Aleya Begum, Aminul Islam, Natural Radionuclides Concentrations and Annual Effective Dose in Seasonal Fruits of Bangladesh, Nuclear Science. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2018, pp. 28-35. doi: 10.11648/j.ns.20180303.11
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
U. S. Environmental Protection Agency: Radiation Protection Program-Uranium (2015).
A. A. Abojassim, H. N. Hady, Z. B. Mohammed.“Natural radioactivity levels in some vegetables and fruits commonly used in Najaf Governorate” Iraq J. Bioen. Food Sci., vol.3 (3) (2016):113-123.
UNSCEAR: Sources and effects of ionizing radiation, Report of the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation to the General Assembly, with scientific annexes, United Nations, New York (2000).
F. B. Banzi, Leonard D Kifanga andFelician M Bundala. “Natural radioactivity and radiation exposure at the Minjingu phosphate mine in Tanzania” Journal of Radiological Protection 20(1) (2000):41-51, DOI: 10.1088/0952-4746/20/1/305.
ICRP: Age-dependent doses to the members of the public from intake of radionuclides –Part 5. Compilation of ingestion and inhalation coefficients. ICRP Publication 72. Ann. ICRP 26(1) (1996).
In. Safety Report Series-99: Derivation of activity concentration values exclusion, exemption and clearance, pp 1319(2008).
M. F. Hossain, “A Study of Banana Production in Bangladesh: Area, Yield and Major Constraints, ARPN” Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science. Vol. 9(6) (2014): 206-210.
M. Asefi, M. M. Beitollahi, M. Ghiassi-Nejad, and F. Reza-Nejad, “Exposure to (226)Ra from consumption of vegetables in the high level natural radiation area of Ramsar-Iran” Journal of Environmental Radioactivity Vol.66(3) (2003):215-225.
S. Harb, “Natural Radiospecific activity and Annual Effective Dose in Selected Vegetables and Fruits”Journal of Nuclear and Particle Physics, vol.5(3) (2015): 70-73.
G. Shanthia, , J. Thampi, K. Thanka,., G. Allan GnanaRajc, C. G. Maniyand, “Natural radionuclides in the South Indian foods and their annual dose” Nuclear instruments and Methods in Physics Research Vol.619(1-3) (2010):436-440. DOI 10.1016/j.nima.2009.10.068.
Tchokossal, P., Olomo, J. B., Balogun, F. A. and Adesanmi, C. A. “Assessment of Radioactivity Contents of Food in the Oil and Gas Producing Areas in Delta State, Nigeria” International Journal of Science and TechnologyVol. 3(4) (2013):245-250.
Kranrod, S. Chanyotha, C. Pornnumpa, R. Kritsananuwat, P. Sriploy, “Baseline Data of Naturally Occurring Radionuclides in Some Native Vegetables And Fruits In The Southern Thailand.” National Institute of Radiological Sciences, (2014)4:9-1.
Syarbaini, A. Warsona, and D. Iskandar, “Natural Radioactivity in Some Food Crops from Bangka-Belitung Islands, Indonesia” Atom Indonesia Vol. 40(1) (2014): 27-32.
WHO (1988) Derived Intervention Levels for Radionuclide in Food, World Health Organization, Geneva.
ICRP (1996) International Committee of Radiological Protection, Age dependant doses to members of public from intake of radionuclides: compilation of ingestion and inhalation coefficients, ICRP publication 72 (Elsevier Science).
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186