Understanding Factors Leading to College Classroom Engagement for Millennials: Development of the College Classroom Engagement Scale
This aim of this research study sought to define college classroom engagement from the perspective of Millennial students. A mixed-methods study was utilized to understand both quantitative and qualitative findings for the purpose of developing a measurement scale. The study was comprised of two different phases. In phase 1, students (n = 68) completed a demographic survey from which researchers invited students (n = 20) to participate in a focus group. Data analysis led researchers to identify five themes from the focus groups (relevance, instructional practices, class climate, professor traits, and student traits) to create a scale for measuring engagement in the classroom. The 30-item scale was comprised of five Likert statements for each of the six themes from phase 1. In phase 2, the scale was distributed to students (n = 177) on a university campus in the US. An exploratory factor analysis was conducted from the student responses and revealed 2 factors (Teaching Persona, α =.83 and Learning Environment α =.82) describing Millennial students’ reasons for engagement in the college classroom. The final scale of 18 items suggests that college students in the research study believe that they are more engaged in their college courses when they believe that their instructor exhibits traits demonstrating care and concern for students and when the instructor creates an environment conducive to learning. This research study and resulting scale may be helpful for guiding college faculty to develop their courses to better engage their college students in the classroom.
Suzanne Fischer Lindt,
Stacia Celeste Miller,
Understanding Factors Leading to College Classroom Engagement for Millennials: Development of the College Classroom Engagement Scale, Higher Education Research.
Vol. 3, No. 3,
2018, pp. 38-44.
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