Hazard Indices and Age Group Parameters of Powder Milk Consumed in Iraq
Higher Education Research
Volume 2, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 117-122
Received: Aug. 27, 2017;
Accepted: Sep. 9, 2017;
Published: Nov. 17, 2017
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Hassan Abid-Al Ammer, Department of Physics, College of Science, Al-Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq
Nada Farhan Kadhim, Department of Physics, College of Science, Al-Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq
Mahmood Salim Karim, Department of Physics, College of Education, Al-Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq
Ali Abdulwahab Ridha, Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Mustansiriyah, Baghdad, Iraq
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The specific activities of natural and artificial radionuclides in powder milk consumed by adult and infant were measured using gamma ray spectroscopy (HPGe detector). The radium equivalent activity (Raeq), internal hazard index (Hin) were also calculated together with the parameters dependent on the age group such as; annual effective dose from ingested foods (Eing), and excess lifetime cancer risk (ELCR). Five radionuclides (212Pb, 214Pb, 228Ac, 40K, 137Cs) were detected in the studied samples, with low specific activates ranged from (B. D. L) to (5.44±2.33, 2.37±1.53, 1.85±1.36, 284.87±16.87, 3.99±1.99) Bq/kg respectively, besides some samples didn’t have any radionuclide or have one only. All the calculated values are less than the average worldwide, except the annual effective dose from ingested foods. In general, the results showed good agreement with the previous studies. This is meant that the analyzed milk is safe for human consumption because their levels of radioactivity are less than the global limits.
Milk, Radionuclides, Hazard Indices, Specific Activity, Age Group, HPGe Detector
To cite this article
Hassan Abid-Al Ammer,
Nada Farhan Kadhim,
Mahmood Salim Karim,
Ali Abdulwahab Ridha,
Hazard Indices and Age Group Parameters of Powder Milk Consumed in Iraq, Higher Education Research.
Vol. 2, No. 5,
2017, pp. 117-122.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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