Assessment of the Levels of Herbicide Residues in Fish Samples from Alau Dam, Maiduguri, Borno, State, Nigeria
International Journal of Environmental Chemistry
Volume 3, Issue 2, December 2019, Pages: 53-58
Received: Mar. 11, 2019; Accepted: May 15, 2019; Published: Dec. 20, 2019
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Authors
Joseph Clement Akan, Department of Chemistry, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Lawan Bukar Inuwa, Department of Chemistry, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Zaynab Muhammad Chellube, Department of Chemistry, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Musa Muhammad Mahmud, Department of Chemistry, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Fanna Inna Abdulrahman, Department of Chemistry, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
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Abstract
The aim of this study is to determine the levels of atrazine, propanil, alachlor, metolachlor, paraquat, propachlor, butachlor and glysophate in the flesh, liver, intestine and gills of Tilapia zilli, Clarias anguillaris, Synodentis budgetti and Heterotis niloticus from Alau Dam The highest total concentrations of all the studied herbicide residues were detected in Tilapia zillii, follow by Clarias anguillaris, while Synodentis budgetti shows the lowest values. The highest concentrations of all the herbicide residues were detected in the liver of Tilapia zilli and Clarias angullaris while Synodentis budgetti shows the lowest value. Also, the flesh and gills of Tilapia zilli was observed to show the highest levels of all the studied herbicides, while Clarias angullaris shows the lowest value. The values observed for herbicide residues were lower than the WHO and FAO set maximum residue limit (MRL) 0.01 mg/kg and the Acceptable Daily Intake value (ADI) of 0.006 mg/kg which is considered safe for consumption as at the time of the present research work. But their presence in the fish samples also cause for concern, therefore, it is important for relevant agencies to be involve in the management of Alau Dam with respect to herbicide residues.
Keywords
Fish, Herbicide, Residues, Organs, MRL, ADI
To cite this article
Joseph Clement Akan, Lawan Bukar Inuwa, Zaynab Muhammad Chellube, Musa Muhammad Mahmud, Fanna Inna Abdulrahman, Assessment of the Levels of Herbicide Residues in Fish Samples from Alau Dam, Maiduguri, Borno, State, Nigeria, International Journal of Environmental Chemistry. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2019, pp. 53-58. doi: 10.11648/j.ijec.20190302.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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