Gold Mining Activities on Surrounding Soils of Kombo Laka in Adamaoua Region-Cameroon
International Journal of Environmental Chemistry
Volume 3, Issue 1, June 2019, Pages: 24-29
Received: Mar. 7, 2019; Accepted: Apr. 15, 2019; Published: May 20, 2019
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Authors
Nchare Mominou, Department of Mining Engineering, School of Geology & Mining Engineering, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon
Hamadou Dio, Department of Mining Engineering, School of Geology & Mining Engineering, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon
Kah Elvis, Department of Geomatic and Cartography, School of Geology & Mining Engineering, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon
Badohok Sarki, Department of Mining Engineering, School of Geology & Mining Engineering, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon
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Abstract
Heavy metal pollution is one of the most important problems in mining industry, causing serious effects to humans and animals. The present study evaluates the spatial distribution of heavy metals in Kombo Laka mine area in Mbere subdivision, and evaluates the characteristics of the pollution generated by mining activities in this locality. A total of 24 soil samples were collected from Adamsi, Benou, Abattoir and Wantia mining sites along with two control soil samples. Parameters such as pH, electrical conductivity and carbonate content were measured according to standard methods, while heavy metals concentration in different samples was determined fluorescence x(XRF). Coarse sand (2.0-1.0 mm) and fine sand (0.250-0.125 mm) were the dominant fractions of all soils samples, ranging from 28.3 to 24.2 and 25.4 to 23.2% in Abatoir and Adamsi soils respectively. At the same time, silty clay (<0.031 mm) was the dominant fraction ranging from 20.3 to 24.9%. The pollution load index (PLI) was calculated to evaluate the degree of contamination. The results of PLI for the selected elements confirm anthropogenic action in the area since all values are > 1. Contamination factors (CF) and pollution index (IP) were calculated for Arsenic (As), Copper (Cu), Lead (Pb) and Zinc (Zn), in order to estimate the anthropogenic contribution of these elements in the pollution of this locality. The results show that the area is polluted and measures need to be taken for remediation.
Keywords
Heavy Metals, Contamination, Pollution Index, Kombolaka, Cameroon
To cite this article
Nchare Mominou, Hamadou Dio, Kah Elvis, Badohok Sarki, Gold Mining Activities on Surrounding Soils of Kombo Laka in Adamaoua Region-Cameroon, International Journal of Environmental Chemistry. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2019, pp. 24-29. doi: 10.11648/j.ijec.20190301.14
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Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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