Economic Impact of Violence Against Women in Senegal: Estimation of Costs of Productivity Losses
World Journal of Public Health
Volume 5, Issue 2, June 2020, Pages: 30-36
Received: Feb. 21, 2020;
Accepted: Mar. 25, 2020;
Published: Apr. 14, 2020
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Mamadou Makhtar Mbacké Leye, Department Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
Ibrahima Seck, Department Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
Anta Tal Dia, Department Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
The objective of this study was to analyse the costs of productivity losses of violence against women in Senegal. The costs of lost productivity were calculated from the database derived from the epidemiological survey at the level of Senegal's courts. The basis of the epidemiological survey allowed the information to calculate the costs. These costs include lost pay and time for those considered to be victims, but also for perpetrators. The human capital approach was used. The total costs of productivity losses were estimated 105,792 € for the victims and 2,926,543 € for the perpetrators. The costs of lost productivity of the perpetrators who committed sexual violence were estimated 1,868,499 € or 64% of the total costs. The costs related to productivity losses for both victims and perpetrators in regards to murders and rapes accounted for the following percentage of the total costs 49.6% and 52.6%, respectively. Depending on the types of sectors and violence, the average costs of productivity losses were statistically higher among the perpetrators compared to the victims (p<0.05). This study highlights the high costs of violence borne by society. An analysis of direct costs would have provided a better understanding of the economic burden of this violence.
Mamadou Makhtar Mbacké Leye,
Anta Tal Dia,
Economic Impact of Violence Against Women in Senegal: Estimation of Costs of Productivity Losses, World Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 5, No. 2,
2020, pp. 30-36.
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