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Assessment of the Quality of Care at the Paediatric Dental Clinic of a Tertiary Health Institution in Nigeria
World Journal of Public Health
Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 81-86
Received: May 8, 2019; Accepted: Nov. 15, 2019; Published: Nov. 25, 2019
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Joycelyn Odegua Eigbobo, Department of Child Dental Health, Faculty of Dentistry, College of Health Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Felix Emeka Anyiam, Centre for Health and Development, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Seye Babatunde, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
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To evaluate the quality of clinical records as a measure of quality of paediatric oral health care in a tertiary health institution, in Nigeria. A 12-month retrospective review of clinical records of all paediatric dental patients seen in the dental centre of a tertiary hospital in Nigeria was carried out. The clinical records were assessed using a structured standard checklist based on the modified CRABEL Scores. The information assessed in each of the case notes included the case note identification number, patient demographic information, the history of presenting complaint, dental and medical /drug histories. Other information elicited were clinical features, diagnosis, treatment plan, procedures done and professional rank of the person who made the entries. Scores obtained per item for each case note were inputted and analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 20.0. Three hundred and thirty four clinical records were assessed, of which, 136 (44.3%), 106 (36.8%), 65 (21.2%) and 7 (2.3%) of entries were made by students, interns, resident doctors and consultants respectively. The median CRABEL score was 95%. Written consent was the least (0.3%) documented information. There were statistically significant differences between the professional rank and extra oral examination, treatment plan and procedures done (p<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between the professional rank and CRABEL scores (p=0.4). Using the adequacy of clinical note taking as an index of the quality of care, it may be concluded that the quality of care in our paediatric dental clinic is of high standard. The only shortcoming in our experience was almost the absence of documentation of written informed consent.
Dental Records, CRABEL Scores, Quality of Dental Care, Nigerian Children
To cite this article
Joycelyn Odegua Eigbobo, Felix Emeka Anyiam, Seye Babatunde, Assessment of the Quality of Care at the Paediatric Dental Clinic of a Tertiary Health Institution in Nigeria, World Journal of Public Health. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 81-86. doi: 10.11648/j.wjph.20190404.12
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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