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Female Genital Mutilation in Benin: Prevalence and Associated Factors Based on Data from the Demographic and Health Survey, 2011-2012
World Journal of Public Health
Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 74-80
Received: Aug. 29, 2019; Accepted: Oct. 4, 2019; Published: Oct. 23, 2019
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Alphonse Kpozehouen, Regional Institute of Public Health, University of Abomey-Calavi, Ouidah, Benin
Yolaine Glele Ahanhanzo, Regional Institute of Public Health, University of Abomey-Calavi, Ouidah, Benin
Elvyre Klikpo, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Colette Azandjame, Regional Institute of Public Health, University of Abomey-Calavi, Ouidah, Benin
Alphonse Chabi, Regional Institute of Public Health, University of Abomey-Calavi, Ouidah, Benin
Charles Sossa Jerome, Regional Institute of Public Health, University of Abomey-Calavi, Ouidah, Benin
Moussiliou Noel Paraiso, Regional Institute of Public Health, University of Abomey-Calavi, Ouidah, Benin
Edgard-Marius Ouendo, Regional Institute of Public Health, University of Abomey-Calavi, Ouidah, Benin
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Female genital mutilation has multiple adverse impacts on victims’ physical and psychosocial well-being. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and potential factors associated with female genital mutilation in Benin. A logistic regression was performed on the 2011 Benin Demographic and Health Survey dataset, using Stata 12. The dependent variable was based on participants’ declaration about the “Cut respondent’ question and was dichotomous (Yes/No). Independent variables were sociodemographic characteristics. A total of 11,008 women were selected, with 7.14% (CI 95% = [5.91, 8.60]) reported to be victims of female genital mutilation. The majority of the women were between 25 and 34 years old (34.5%), uneducated (54.6%), and married (51.3%). Women aged 35 to 49 were more likely to be victims of FGM than women aged 15 to 18 (OR = 5.43; CI 95% [3.77-7.82]). The risk of FGM was higher in married women (OR = 7.76) than those who had never been in a union, with the same trend observed for Muslim women (OR = 33.39) compared to followers of voodoo/traditional religion. Female genital mutilation is still practiced in Benin, especially in the north. This study reveals that factors such as marital status, religion, area of residence, level of education, ethnicity, and département of residence are associated with this practice. Therefore, they should be taken into account for effective interventions to eliminate it at national level.
Prevalence, Associated Factors, Female Genital Mutilation, Demographic Health Survey, Benin
To cite this article
Alphonse Kpozehouen, Yolaine Glele Ahanhanzo, Elvyre Klikpo, Colette Azandjame, Alphonse Chabi, Charles Sossa Jerome, Moussiliou Noel Paraiso, Edgard-Marius Ouendo, Female Genital Mutilation in Benin: Prevalence and Associated Factors Based on Data from the Demographic and Health Survey, 2011-2012, World Journal of Public Health. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 74-80. doi: 10.11648/j.wjph.20190404.11
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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