Eliciting Salient Beliefs About Physical Activity Among Female Adolescent in Saudi Arabia: A Qualitative Study
World Journal of Public Health
Volume 2, Issue 3, September 2017, Pages: 116-123
Received: Jul. 9, 2017;
Accepted: Jul. 17, 2017;
Published: Aug. 9, 2017
Views 2081 Downloads 174
Basmah Fehaid Al-Harbi, Department of Public Health, Applied & Health Science College, Qassim University, Qassim, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Manal Fehade Al-Harbi, Maternity & Child Health Nursing Department, College of Nursing, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
The present study aimed to explore the salient beliefs of female adolescent in Saudi Arabia that may influence their intentions with regards to engagement in physical activity. The three constructs of Theory of Planned Behaviour were used to identify the behavioural, normative and control beliefs that influence the decision to engage in physical activity. Open-ended interviews were conducted by Skype with 25 students during June 2016. Twenty-one modal salient beliefs were identified that influenced whether or not participants decided to engage in physical activity. These included behavioural beliefs (e.g. physical activity relieves stress) normative beliefs (derived, e.g., from social media) and control beliefs (e.g. weather and lack of suitable female facilities are obstacles to physical activity). The Saudi government’s new roadmap for economic and social development that targets improving female access to sport, health interventions should target the salient beliefs explored in this study. Additionally, its findings should guide further theory-based quantitative research in this area when structuring closed-ended questionnaire items.
Basmah Fehaid Al-Harbi,
Manal Fehade Al-Harbi,
Eliciting Salient Beliefs About Physical Activity Among Female Adolescent in Saudi Arabia: A Qualitative Study, World Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 2, No. 3,
2017, pp. 116-123.
Bouchard C, Blair SN, Haskell W (2012) Physical activity and health, 2nd ed. Human Kinetics, Champaign.
World Health Organization. (2015) Health topics: Physical activity. http://www.who.int/topics/physical_activity/en/ Accessed 14 July 2016.
World Health Organization. (2010) Prevalence of insufficient physical activity: Adults aged 18+ years. http://www.who.int/gho/ncd/risk_factors/physical_activity_text/en/ Accessed 5 July 2016.
Sisson S, Katzmarzyk P (2008) International prevalence of physical activity in youth and adults. Obesity Reviews, 9 (6): 606-614. Ajzen I, Fishbein M (1980) Understanding attitudes and predicting social behavior. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs.
Al-Hazzaa H (2000) Patterns of physical activity among Saudi children, adolescents and adults with special reference to health. In: Musaiger A, Miladi S (eds) Nutrition and physical activity in the Arab countries of the Near East. Manama, BCSR, pp 109–127.
Al-Zalabani A. H, Al-Hamdan N. A, Saeed, A. A (2015) The prevalence of physical activity and its socioeconomic correlates in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional population-based national survey. Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, 10 (2): 208-215.
Ajzen I (2006) Constructing a theory of planned behavior questionnaire. http://people.umass.edu/~aizen/pdf/tpb.measurement.pdf Accessed 1 June 2016.
Ball K, Jeffery RW, Abbott G, McNaughton SA, Crawford, D (2010) Is healthy behavior contagious: associations of social norms with physical activity and healthy eating. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7 (1): 86-95.
Murray TC, Rodgers WM, Fraser, SN (2012) Exploring the relationship between socioeconomic status, control beliefs and exercise behavior: a multiple mediator model. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 35 (1): 63-73.
DiClemente RJ, Salazar LF, Crosby, RA (2013) Health behavior theory for public health: principles, foundations, and applications. Jones and Bartlett Learning, Burlington.
Rhodes RE, Blanchard CM, Courneya KS, Plotnikoff, RC (2009) Identifying belief-based targets for the promotion of leisure-time walking. Health Education and Behavior, 36 (2): 381-393.
Devlin JT, Dhalac D, Suldan AA, Jacobs A, Guled, K, Bankole KA (2012) Determinants of physical activity among Somali women living in Maine. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 14 (2): 300-306.
Koca C, Henderson K, Asci, F, Bulgu N (2009) Constraints to leisure-time physical activity and negotiation strategies in Turkish women. Journal of Leisure Research, 41 (2): 225-251.
Samara A, Nistrup A, AL-Rammah TY, Aro, AR (2015) Lack of facilities rather than sociocultural factors as the primary barrier to physical activity among female Saudi university students. International Journal of Women's Health, 7: 279-286.
Williams KJ, Taylor CA, Wolf KN, Lawson RF, Crespo, R (2008) Cultural perceptions of healthy weight in rural Appalachian youth. Rural and Remote Health, 8 (2): 932-941.
Ajzen, I. (1991) The Theory of Planned Behaviour. Organizational Behaviour and Human Decision Processes, 50 (2): 179-211.
Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. L., Barkoukis, V., Wang, C. K. J., & Baranowski, J. (2005). Perceived autonomy support in physical education and leisure-time physical activity: A cross-cultural evaluation of the transcontextual model. Journal of Educational Psychology, 97, 376–390.
AlSelaimi A. (2010) Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour to investigate the antecedents of physical activity participation among Saudi adolescents. PhD thesis. University of Exeter.
Downs DS, Hausenblas HA (2005) Elicitation studies and the theory of planned behavior: a systematic review of exercise beliefs. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 6 (1): 1-31.
Ajzen I, Fishbein M (1980) Understanding attitudes and predicting social behavior. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs.
Middlestadt SE (2012) Beliefs underlying eating better and moving more lessons learned from comparative salient belief elicitations with adults and youths. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 640 (1): 81-100.
Parahoo K (2014) Nursing research: principles, process and issues, 3rd ed. Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan.
Fishbein M, Ajzen I (2010) Predicting and changing behavior: A reasoned action approach. Psychology Press, New York.
Francis J. J, Eccles M. P, Johnston M., Walker A, Grimshaw J, Foy R, Kaner E. F, Smith L, Bonetti D (2004) Constructing questionnaires based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour. A Manual for Health Services Researchers, 20 (10): 2-12.
Ajzen I (2002) Constructing a TPB questionnaire: Conceptual and methodological considerations. http://chuang.epage.au.edu.tw/ezfiles/168/1168/attach/20/pta_41176_7688352_57138.pdf Accessed 20 May 2016.
Burnard P (1991) A method of analysing interview transcripts in qualitative research. Nurse Education Today, 11 (6): 461-466.
Lincoln YS, Guba EG (1985) Naturalistic inquiry. Sage Publications, Newbury Park.
Carcary M (2009) The research audit trial: enhancing trustworthiness in qualitative inquiry. The Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, 7 (1): 11-24.
Cowie E, Hamilton, K (2014) Key beliefs related to decisions for physical activity engagement among first-in-family students transitioning to university. Journal of Community Health, 39 (4): 719-726.
Brown SA (2005) Measuring perceived benefits and perceived barriers for physical activity. American Journal of Health Behavior, 29 (2): 107-116.
Al-Hazzaa H (2007) Health-enhancing physical activity among Saudi adults using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Public Health Nutrition, 10 (01): 59-64.
Parra-Medina D, Messias DKH (2011) Promotion of physical activity among Mexican-origin women in Texas and South Carolina: an examination of social, cultural, economic, and environmental factors. Quest Journal of the National Association for Kinesiology in Higher Education, 63 (1): 100-117.
Williams G, Hamm MP, Shulhan J, Vandermeer B, Hartling L (2014) Social media interventions for diet and exercise behaviours: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. British Medical Journal Open, 4 (2): 26-39.
Saaty AH, Reed DB, Zhang W, Boylan M (2015) Factors related to engaging in physical activity: a mixed methods study of female university students. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 5 (10): 416-426.
World Health Organization. (2013) Country Cooperation Strategy (CCS) for WHO and Saudi Arabia 2012–2016. WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean. http://www.who.int/countryfocus/cooperation_strategy/ccs_sau_en.pdf Accessed 29 June 2016.
Saudi Vision. 2030. Vibrant Society with Strong Foundations. [Online] Available at: ˂http://vision2030.gov.sa/en/node/9˃ [Accessed 13 December 2016].