A Retrospective Investigation of a Measles Outbreak in a District in North-western Nigeria
World Journal of Public Health
Volume 2, Issue 3, September 2017, Pages: 96-101
Received: Apr. 6, 2017;
Accepted: Apr. 26, 2017;
Published: Jun. 8, 2017
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Omole Victoria Nanben, Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaduna State University (KASU), Kaduna, Nigeria
Musa Emmanuel, World Health Organisation (WHO), Abuja, Nigeria
Audu Onyemocho, Department of Epidemiology & Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
Gajere Julius, Kaduna State Ministry of Health (SMOH), Kaduna, Nigeria
Peter Elisha, Kaduna State Ministry of Health (SMOH), Kaduna, Nigeria
The prevalence of measles has been drastically reduced by well over 70% globally, through vaccination with a proven and potent vaccine. Despite these efforts, children under 5 years of age in many developing countries remain plagued by it’s scourge in recurrent waves of epidemics. This study retrospectively investigated an outbreak of measles by reviewing surveillance, epidemiologic and laboratory records, including Integrated Disease Surveillance & Response (IDSR) forms, measles line lists, routine immunization reports, vaccine ledgers etc. A total of 422 cases were reported, 96% of whom were children under 5 years. Estimated mortalities were 20 (representing a case fatality rate of 4.7%). Vaccination among cases was very low as most of the children (99%) had never received any measles vaccine. Intensified efforts, in order to increase herd immunity among birth cohorts through routine immunization and innovative methods of positively influencing resistant sub-groups within the population towards embracing vaccination are non-negotiable in attaining higher immunization coverages.
Omole Victoria Nanben,
A Retrospective Investigation of a Measles Outbreak in a District in North-western Nigeria, World Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 2, No. 3,
2017, pp. 96-101.
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