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Lipid Profile Analysis of Patients in a Saudi University Clinic
World Journal of Public Health
Volume 2, Issue 3, September 2017, Pages: 89-95
Received: Apr. 4, 2017; Accepted: Apr. 17, 2017; Published: May 24, 2017
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Authors
Yasser Taher Al-Hassan, Department of Public Health, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Eduardo L. Fabella, Department of Public Health, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Abstract
Dyslipidemia is a risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of mortality in Saudi Arabia. Abnormal lipid levels are asymptomatic but detected by fasting lipid profile analysis. This study sought to determine the patterns of lipid levels of King Faisal University (KFU) clinic patients and to identify any gender, nationality and age group differences in the mean levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). The results of lipid profile examination of 1,541 KFU clinic patients were compiled and subjected to descriptive and analytical statistics using SPSS version 20. The National Institutes of Health Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) was used for classifying the lipid profiles. Majority of the patients had desirable and borderline high levels of TC and TG as well as optimal and near optimal LDL-C. Most of the patients had borderline and low HDL-C. Hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia were more common among men than in women. Men also tend to have low HDL-C and high LDL-C. Hypercholesterolemia, low HDL-C, high and very high LDL-C were more common among Saudis while hypertriglyceridemia was more common among non-Saudi patients. Hypercholesterolemia was more common in the 50 – 59 age group. High TG, high LDL-C, and low HDL-C were more common among 40 – 49 year old patients. The mean values of TC, TG, and HDL-C differed significantly across gender and nationality groups. The mean values of all four components of the lipid profile differed significantly across age groups. Lipid profile varies across gender, nationality and age. The risk for CVD related to lipid abnormalities is greater for Saudi men who are 40 – 59 years old. The university should develop age and gender-specific strategies for primary and secondary prevention of CVD such as therapeutic lifestyle change and lipid screening guidelines.
Keywords
Cardiovascular Disease Risk Reduction, Hyperlipidemia, Dyslipidemia, Hypercholesterolemia, Hypertriglyceridemia, Lipid Profile
To cite this article
Yasser Taher Al-Hassan, Eduardo L. Fabella, Lipid Profile Analysis of Patients in a Saudi University Clinic, World Journal of Public Health. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2017, pp. 89-95. doi: 10.11648/j.wjph.20170203.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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