Anti Retroviral Therapy in Public Health Institutions of Oromia Region: A Qualitative Study
World Journal of Public Health
Volume 2, Issue 1, March 2017, Pages: 51-59
Received: Nov. 12, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 12, 2016; Published: Jan. 13, 2017
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Sileshi Garoma Abeya, Department of Public Health, Adama Hospital Medical College, Adama, Ethiopia
Abebe Megerso Adlo, Department of Public Health, Adama Hospital Medical College, Adama, Ethiopia
Tolesa Eticha Chaka, Department of Public Health, Adama Hospital Medical College, Adama, Ethiopia
Tilaye Workineh Abebe, Department of Public Health, Adama Hospital Medical College, Adama, Ethiopia
Worku Dugasa Girsha, Department of Public Health, Adama Hospital Medical College, Adama, Ethiopia
Dejene Gemechu Daba, Department of Public Health, Adama Hospital Medical College, Adama, Ethiopia
Mihretu Tarekegn Lencha, Oromia Region Health Bureau, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Zelalem Habtamu Jemal, Oromia Region Health Bureau, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Dereje Duguma Gemeda, Oromia Region Health Bureau, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Shalo Daba Hamuse, Oromia Region Health Bureau, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
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In Ethiopia, the HIV epidemic has remained a major public health problem, mainly affecting people of prime productive and reproductive age. Retention in care and adherence to the treatment is very important for the success of the program while the treatment is being scaled up. No national or regional study gives information on opinion of the Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) service providers. Thus, this study was aimed to explore the perception and opinion of the service providers on status of ART adherences, lost to follow up and associated factors. A total of 14 In-depth Interviews was conducted between February to April, 2015. Interviewees were purposefully selected from the health institutions providing ART services in Oromia Region. The analyses followed the procedure for qualitative thematic analysis using OpenCode qualitative software. Three themes (current statuses of ART adherences and Lost to follow up, reasons for poor adherences to ART and lost from the treatment, and suggested measures) were emerged. Most interviewees perceived, the current statuses of ART adherences are improving. Work overloads, religious influences, social stigma, and perceived fear of drug side effects were the reasons for poor ART adherences and lost from the treatment. The suggested measures were involving the concerned bodies in prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS and giving special attention to the young people in learning institutions. More efforts are needed to improve adherences to ART and reduces lost to follow up. Providing professional, family and social support for the client is crucial.
Adherence to ART, Lost to Follow up, Qualitative, In-depth Interview, Oromia Region
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Sileshi Garoma Abeya, Abebe Megerso Adlo, Tolesa Eticha Chaka, Tilaye Workineh Abebe, Worku Dugasa Girsha, Dejene Gemechu Daba, Mihretu Tarekegn Lencha, Zelalem Habtamu Jemal, Dereje Duguma Gemeda, Shalo Daba Hamuse, Anti Retroviral Therapy in Public Health Institutions of Oromia Region: A Qualitative Study, World Journal of Public Health. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2017, pp. 51-59. doi: 10.11648/j.wjph.20170201.16
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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