Comparative Study Between Plain Abdominal X-Ray and Abdominal Ultrasound in the Diagnosis of Abdominal Pathologies at the Bafoussam Regional Hospital Cameroon
World Journal of Public Health
Volume 2, Issue 1, March 2017, Pages: 8-17
Received: Sep. 27, 2016; Accepted: Nov. 9, 2016; Published: Dec. 14, 2016
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Authors
Nchanji Nkeh Keneth, Under Privilege Children and Women Assistance (UPCAWA-SWEDEN), Bamenda, Cameroon; St Louis University Institute of Health and Biomedical Science, Bamenda, Cameroon
Samuel Nambile Cumber, Under Privilege Children and Women Assistance (UPCAWA-SWEDEN), Bamenda, Cameroon; Discipline of Public Health Medicine, Department of Nursing & Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Kwazulu-Natal Durban, South Africa
Bongkiynuy Nancy, Under Privilege Children and Women Assistance (UPCAWA-SWEDEN), Bamenda, Cameroon; St Louis University Institute of Health and Biomedical Science, Bamenda, Cameroon
Shalom Jaila, Under Privilege Children and Women Assistance (UPCAWA-SWEDEN), Bamenda, Cameroon; St Louis University Institute of Health and Biomedical Science, Bamenda, Cameroon
Jackson Jr Nforbewing Ndenkeh, Under Privilege Children and Women Assistance (UPCAWA-SWEDEN), Bamenda, Cameroon; Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Mayennin Nabilatu Kinyuy, St Louis University Institute of Health and Biomedical Science, Bamenda, Cameroon
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Abstract
Abdominal pathologies pose serious health problems as many are associated with complications. Plain AXRs and Ultrasound are widely used for diagnosis. The use of plain abdominal x-rays has been greatly criticized. It is against such criticisms that this cross sectional and retrospective study was aimed at comparing the use of the above mentioned imaging modalities in the diagnosis of abdominal pathologies. To achieve this objective, data was collected from the patients who came for the two exams using questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS, version 17.0. Out of the 72 patients, there were more males, 49(68.1%) than females, 23(31.9%), giving a male to female ratio of 2:1. Acute abdomen (35.71%) was the major indication for the exam. The major clinical symptom was abdominal pain (100%) in all the 12 patients involved in the cross sectional study. 33(45.8%) patients had normal results on AXR while 39(54.17%) had abnormal results. Comparing with ultrasound, 20(27.78%) results were normal and 52(72.22%) results were abnormal giving sensitivities of 54.17% and 72.22% for AXR and ultrasound respectively. GIT pathologies in US registered 35(67.37%) cases while abdominal x-ray recorded 29(76.92%) cases. Conclusively, US is more efficient in the diagnosis of abdominal pathologies than AXR. However, the use of AXR in bowel obstruction, perforation, renal stones will improve US diagnosis. Therefore, the two imaging modalities should be used complimentarily.
Keywords
Abdominal, X-ray, Ultrasound, Pathologies, Cameroon
To cite this article
Nchanji Nkeh Keneth, Samuel Nambile Cumber, Bongkiynuy Nancy, Shalom Jaila, Jackson Jr Nforbewing Ndenkeh, Mayennin Nabilatu Kinyuy, Comparative Study Between Plain Abdominal X-Ray and Abdominal Ultrasound in the Diagnosis of Abdominal Pathologies at the Bafoussam Regional Hospital Cameroon, World Journal of Public Health. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2017, pp. 8-17. doi: 10.11648/j.wjph.20170201.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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