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Sexual Behavior and Risk Perception of HIV Infection Among Young Students of Wollo University, Dessie Campus: A Cross Sectional Study
World Journal of Public Health
Volume 1, Issue 1, December 2016, Pages: 19-27
Received: Oct. 16, 2016; Accepted: Oct. 28, 2016; Published: Nov. 17, 2016
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Authors
Melaku Ashagrie, Department of Medical Laboratory, Dessie Health Science College, Dessie, Ethiopia
Selamyhun Tadesse, Department of Medical Laboratory, Woldia University, Woldia, Ethiopia
Fikir Alebachew, Department of Nursing, Dessie Health Science College, Dessie, Ethiopia
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Abstract
In Wollo University, Dessie Campus, as in many other Ethiopian towns, cities, universities and other settings of the world too, the sexual behaviors and self-assessment of the risk of HIV infection of young university students will strongly influence the course of HIV/AIDS. This study was conducted to assess the extent of risky sexual behaviors and factors that influence the risk perception of HIV infection in young students (17-29 years) of Wollo University, Dessie Campus from February 2010 - June 2010. A cross-sectional study design was applied to conduct the study. A total of 338 students in the age group 17-29 were selected using systematic random sampling. A self-administered questionnaire with key informants was the tool used to collect the required data from the study participants. From the total of 334 respondents, 236 (70.7%) were males and the remaining 98 (29.3%) were females. About 117 (35%) of the study participants were sexually experienced. Of these, 85 (72.6% had sex only with one partner, about 48.8% used condom consistently, about 27.4% had multiple sexual partners and 37.6 of the respondents did not use condom; and 19.1% of male and 8.2% of female respondents perceive themselves to have a medium chance of getting HIV. In general, female respondents were considerably more likely than males to report themselves at a higher risk of HIV infection. Sex, age at first sex, the number of life time partner, age difference with sex partners, condom use, taking HIV test, are found to be the predictors of risk perception of HIV infection among young students of Wollo University, Dessie Campus. Risk perception about HIV/AIDS was inconsistent with sexual behaviors the students encounter. Even though the majority of the respondents in this study perceived themselves as being at low or no risk of HIV infection; results from their reported sexual behavior indicate that a significant proportion of the respondents involve in risky sexual activities that could expose them to HIV infection and as a result distort their risk perception.
Keywords
Sexual Behavior, Risk Perception, HIV Infection, Young University Students
To cite this article
Melaku Ashagrie, Selamyhun Tadesse, Fikir Alebachew, Sexual Behavior and Risk Perception of HIV Infection Among Young Students of Wollo University, Dessie Campus: A Cross Sectional Study, World Journal of Public Health. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2016, pp. 19-27. doi: 10.11648/j.wjph.20160101.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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