International Journal of Infectious Diseases and Therapy
Volume 1, Issue 1, December 2016, Pages: 1-5
Received: Oct. 28, 2016;
Accepted: Nov. 10, 2016;
Published: Dec. 12, 2016
Views 3511 Downloads 139
Fandresena Arilala Sendrasoa, Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Joseph Raseta Befelatanana, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Naina Harinjara Razanakoto, Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Joseph Raseta Befelatanana, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Irina Mamisoa Ranaivo, Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Joseph Raseta Befelatanana, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Radonirina Lazasoa Andrianasolo, Department of Infectiology, University Hospital Joseph Raseta Befelatanana, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Mamy Jean De Dieu Randria, Department of Infectiology, University Hospital Joseph Raseta Befelatanana, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Rivo Andry Rakotoarivelo, Department of Infectiology, University Hospital Tambohobe, Fianarantsoa, Madagascar
In order to assess prevalence and characteristics of antimicrobial self-medication in Antananarivo, Madagascar. We conducted a cross-sectional study among 101 patients in Department of Infectious Disease in the Academic Hospital Center of Antananarivo. Eighty-eight percent of patients had practiced self-medication whose 40% were employees of the primary sector. Antibiotic and antimalarial are used in 48% and 22%, respectively. Chloroquine is the most commonly used antimalarial while chloroquinoresistance is widespread in Madagascar. Amoxicillin was the most widely used antibiotic. The practice of selfmedication is related especially to the development of the illicit sale of drugs in Madagascar.
Fandresena Arilala Sendrasoa,
Naina Harinjara Razanakoto,
Irina Mamisoa Ranaivo,
Radonirina Lazasoa Andrianasolo,
Mamy Jean De Dieu Randria,
Rivo Andry Rakotoarivelo,
Antibiotic and Antimalarial Selfmedication in Antananarivo, Madagascar, International Journal of Infectious Diseases and Therapy.
Vol. 1, No. 1,
2016, pp. 1-5.
WHO, “Guidelines for the regulatory assessment of medicinal products for use in self-medication,” In, vol. WHO/EDM/QSM/00.1. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO; 2000. http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/pdf.
A. Blenkisopp, C. Bradley, “Over the counter drugs: patients, society and the increase in self-medication,” British Medical Journal, vol 63, pp. 629-632, 1996.
N. Asseray, F. Ballereau, B. Tromber-Paviot et al., «Frequency and severity of adverse drug reactions due to self-medication: a cross-sectional multicentre survey in emergency departments,” Drug Safety, vol. 24, no. 14, pp. 1027-1037, 2001.
M N. Ilhan, E. Durukan, S. Ö. Ilhan, F. N. Aksakal, S. Özkan, and M. A. Bumin, “Self-medication with antibiotics: Questionnaire survey among primary care center attendants,” Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, vol.18, no. 12, pp. 1150-1157, 2009.
P. W Geissler, K. Nokes, R. J Prince, R. A Odhiambo, J. Aagaard-Hansen, J. H Ouma, “Children and medicines: self-treatment of common illnesses among Luo schoolchildren in western Kenya,” Social Science & Medicine, vol. 50, pp. 1771-83, 2000.
C. P. Kiki-Barro, F. N. Konan, W. Yavo, R. Kassi, E. I. Menan, V. Djohan et al., “Antimalarial drug delivery in pharmacies in non-severe malaria treatment. A survey on the quality of the treatment: the case of Bouaka (Côte d’Ivoire),” Sante, vol.14, no. 2, pp. 75-79, 2004.
A. Abdo-Rabbo, “Household survey of treatment of malaria in Hajjah, Yemen,”. East Mediterranean Health Journal, vol.9, no. 14, pp. 600-606, 2003.
K. P. Osemene, A. Laminkara, “A study of the prevalence of self-medication practice among university students in Southwestern Nigeria,” Tropical Journal Pharmaceutical Research, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 683-689, 2012.
L. Grigoryan, F. M. Haaijer-Ruskamp, J. G. M. Burgerhof et al., “Self-medication with antimicrobial drugs in Europe,” Emergency Infectious Disease, vol.12, pp. 452-9, 2006.
A. G. Mainous, A. Y. Cheng, R. C. Garr et al., “Nonprescribed antimicrobial drugs in Latino community, South Carolina,” Emergency Infectious Disease, vol. 11, pp. 883-888, 2005.
A. Radyowijati, H. Haak, “Improving antibiotic use in low-income countries: an overview of evidence determinants,” Social Science &Medicine, vol. 57, pp.733-744, 2003.
L. Grygorian, J. G. Burgerhof, J. E. Degener, R. Deschepper, C. S. Lundborg, D. L. Monnet et al., “Determinants of self-medication with antibiotics in Europe: the impact of beliefs, country health and the healthcare system,” Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol.61, no.5, pp. 1172-1179, 2008.
R. D. Saradamma, N. Higginbotham, M. Nichter, “Social factors influencing the acquisition of antibiotics without prescription in Kerala State, south India,” Social Science & Medicine; vol.50, pp.891-903, 2000.
S. Badiger, R. Kundapur, A. Jain, A. Kumar, S. Pattanshetty, N. Thakolkaran et al., “Self-medication patterns among medical students in South India,” Australasian Medical Journal, vol. 5, pp. 217-220, 2012.
S. I. Shehnaz, A. K. Agarwal, N. Khan. A systematic review of self-medication practices among adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, vol.55, pp. 467-483, 2014.
A. Ratsimbasoa et al., “Use of pre-packaged chloroquine for the home management of presumed malaria in Malagasy children,” Malaria Journal, vol.5, pp.79, 2006.
M. Randrianarivelojosia, A. Raveloson, A. Randriamanantena, J. Juliano, T. Andrianjafy, L. Raharimalala et al., “Lessons learnt from the six decades of chloroquine use (1945- 2005) to control malaria in Madagascar,” 2007.
R. K. Karnitalu, M. N. Aloni. High school students are a target group for fight against self-medication with antimalarial drugs: a pilot study in University of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. Journal of Tropical Medicine, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6438639.
S. I. Al-Azzam, B. A. Al-Husein, F. Alzoubi, M. M. Masadeh, M. A. Al-Horani, “Self-medication with antibiotics in Jordanian population,” International Journal of Occupational Medecine and Environmental Health, vol. 20, pp. 373-380, 2007.
A. Mainous, W. Hueston, “Controlling antibiotic resistance: will we someday see limited prescribing autonomy?” American Family Physician, vol.63, pp. 1034-1039, 2001.
M. Shehadeh, G. Suaifan, R. M. Darwish, M. Wazaify, L. Zaru, S. Alja’fari, “Knowledge, attitudes and behavior regarding antibiotics use and misuse among adults in the community of Jordan. A pilot study,” Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal, vol.20, pp.125-133, 2012.
A. Sihavong, C. S Lundborg, L. A. K. Syhakhang, G. Tomson, R. Wahlstrom, “Antimicrobial self-medication for reproductive tract infection in two provinces in Lao Peoples’Democratic Republic,” Sexually Transmitted Infections, vol. 82, pp. 182-186, 2009.
S. B. Patil. S. H. Vardhamane, B. V. Patil, J. Santoshkumar, A. S. Binjawadgi, A. R. Kanaki, “Self-medication practice and perceptions: among undergraduate medical students: a cross-sectional study,” Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, vol. 8, no.12, HC. 20-23, 2014.
W. Solomon, A. Bebe G/Mariam, “Practice of self-medication in Jimma Town,” Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, vol. 378, pp. 3, 2000.
S. Hussain, M. Farnaz, M. Kazi, P. Ghazala et al, “Prevalence of self-medication and health-seeking behavior in a developing country,” African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 972-978, 2011.
C. M. Hughes, J. C. McElnay, G. F. Fleming, “Benefits and risks of selfmedication,” Drug Safety, vol.24, no.14, pp.1027-1037, 2001.
L. Garofalo, G. Di Giuseppe, I. F. Angelillo. Self-medication Practices among Parents in Italy. BioMed Research International, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/580650.