Impact of Stress on Physiology of Endocrine System and on Immune System: A Review
International Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology
Volume 2, Issue 3, September 2017, Pages: 40-42
Received: Feb. 27, 2017; Accepted: Jun. 16, 2017; Published: Aug. 14, 2017
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Author
Sabina Khanam, Department of Biological Sciences, Yobe State University, Damaturu, Nigeria
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Abstract
Stress is a condition of the body which change the equilibrium between the body and its environment. Stress is either short term or long term. short term stress may lasts for few hours but long term lasts for few months. long term stress causes many health problems like respiratory infections, lack of sleep, poor diet etc. Many hormones involve in the stress response like cortisol, epinephrine, norepinephrine, gonadotropins. Immune system also affected with stress. Stress weakened the immune system. Stress causes an increase in the white blood cells (WBC) in the blood. This review discusses the effect of stress on hormones and on immune system. Chronic or long-term stress can suppress the pathological and protective immune responses While short-term stress can increase the expression of pathological and protective immune responses.
Keywords
Stress, Hormone, Immune System, Short-Term Stress, Long-Term Stress
To cite this article
Sabina Khanam, Impact of Stress on Physiology of Endocrine System and on Immune System: A Review, International Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2017, pp. 40-42. doi: 10.11648/j.ijde.20170203.12
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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