Biomedical Statistics and Informatics
Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2018, Pages: 29-33
Received: Jul. 6, 2018;
Accepted: Jul. 17, 2018;
Published: Aug. 16, 2018
Views 754 Downloads 73
Muluneh Bekele Etana, Department of Horticulture, College of Dry-Land Agriculture, Samara University, Afar, Ethiopia
Muluneh Bekele Etana,
Economic and Social Impacts of Khat (Catha edulis Forsk) Chewing Among Youth in Sebeta Town, Oromia Ethiopia, Biomedical Statistics and Informatics.
Vol. 3, No. 2,
2018, pp. 29-33.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Baashar T. The effects of drugs in Islamic World. British Journal of Addiction. 1981; 76:233-43.
Baashar T. The Use of Khat: A stimulant with regional distribution. In: Edwards G, Arif A, editors. Drug Problems in the Sociocultural Context: A Basis for Policies and Programme Planning. Geneva: WHO; 1980.
Abraham D. The impact of long term consumption of Khat on public health. The Sidama Concern. 2000;5 (4):15–16.
Althani IM. In: Development a Saudi Solution for Khat Problem. Khat AlMarzoki H, Abu Khatwa A.N, editors. Jeddah, Mutbouat Publications; 1987. pp. 241-57.
Halbach H. Medical aspects of the chewing of Khat leaves. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 1972; 47:21–9.
Lqman W, Donaldson T. The use of Khat (Catha edulis) in Yemen. Social and Medical Observations. Ann Intern Med. 1976; 85:246–9.
Varisco DM. On the meaning of chewing: the significance of Khat (Catha edulis) in the Yemen Arab Republic. International Journal of Middle East Studies. 1986; 18:1-13.
Alem A, Kebede D, Kullgren G. The prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of Khat chewing in Butajira, Ethiopia. Acta Psychiatr Scand Suppl. 1999; 397:84-91.
Kebede Y. Cigarette smoking and Khat chewing among college students, North West Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Dev. 2002; 16:9-17.
Kebede, A. Alem, G. Mitike et al., “Khat and alcohol use and risky sex behavior among in-school and out-of-school youth in Ethiopia,” BMC Public Health, vol. 5, article no. 109, 2005.
Mulugeta, “Khat chewing and its associated factor among college students in Bahir Dar Town, Ethiopia,” Science Journal of Public Health, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 209–214, 2013.
Weir, Qat in Yemen: Consumption and Social Changes, 1985.
Damena, A. Mossie, and M. Tesfaye, “Khat chewing and mental distress: a Community based study, in Jimma, Southwestern Ethiopia,” Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 37-45, 2011.
Borelli, “Social aspects of drug use in Djibouti: the case of the leaf of Allah,” Journal of African Economies, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 555–591, 2009.
Central Statistical Agency, Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2011, Central Statistical Agency, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; E.I.I.C., Calverton, Md, USA, 2012
Getahun W, Gedif T, Tesfaye F (2010) Regular khat chewing is associated with elevated diastolic blood pressure among adults in butajira, Ethiopia: a comparative study. BMC public health 10: 390.
Ali WM, Zubaid M, Al-Motarreb A, Singh R, Al-Shereiqi SZ (2010) Association of khat chewing with increased risk of stroke and death with ACS. Mayo Clin Proc 85(11): 974-980.
Jennifer W (2011) Chewing khat linked to stroke and death. Journal of the American Heart association.
Gelaw and Haile-Amlak, “Khat chewing and its socio-demographic correlates among the staff of Jimma University,” Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 179–184, 2004.