Recent Progressive Status of Materials for Solar Photovoltaic Cell: A Comprehensive Review
Science Journal of Energy Engineering
Volume 7, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 77-89
Received: Sep. 10, 2019; Accepted: Oct. 8, 2019; Published: Oct. 30, 2019
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Jamilu Ya’u Muhammad, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Abudharr Bello Waziri, Department of Mechanical and Production Engineering, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria
Abubakar Muhammad Shitu, School of Technology, Binyaminu Usman Polytechnic, Hadejia, Nigeria
Umar Muhammad Ahmad, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Musa Hassan Muhammad, School of Technology, Binyaminu Usman Polytechnic, Hadejia, Nigeria
Yusuf Alhaji, School of Technology, Binyaminu Usman Polytechnic, Hadejia, Nigeria
Audu Taofeek Olaniyi, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Auwal Abdulkadir Bala, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
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Due to increase in demand of electricity and high environment hazard cause by fossil fuel in generation electricity, renewable energy (such as solar energy, wind energy and so on) researches are becoming mandatory to researchers especially scientists and engineers and in solar energy generation an electronic device is used to convert energy from sun into electricity which is known as solar photovoltaic cell and the efficiency of this device is improving by improving the materials used in manufacturing it. This paper was aimed to review the status of these materials for solar photovoltaic cell up to date, from the review it was discovered that the materials are classified based on the generations whereby their efficiencies are increasing from first generation to third generation. And the current market is mainly covered by the first two generations. The first generation comprises well-known medium/low cost technologies that lead to moderate yields. The second generation (thin-film technologies) includes devices that have lower efficiency albeit are cheaper to manufacture. The third generation presents the use of novel materials, as well as a great variability of designs, and comprises expensive but very efficient cells. Although there is fourth generation which their performance and stability was yet to be found as the review disclosed.
Solar Photovoltaic Cell, Dye-Sensitized, Quantum Dot, Perovskite Solar Cell, Amorphous Silicon
To cite this article
Jamilu Ya’u Muhammad, Abudharr Bello Waziri, Abubakar Muhammad Shitu, Umar Muhammad Ahmad, Musa Hassan Muhammad, Yusuf Alhaji, Audu Taofeek Olaniyi, Auwal Abdulkadir Bala, Recent Progressive Status of Materials for Solar Photovoltaic Cell: A Comprehensive Review, Science Journal of Energy Engineering. Vol. 7, No. 4, 2019, pp. 77-89. doi: 10.11648/j.sjee.20190704.14
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