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Effect of Network Topology on Relative Permeability; Network Model and Experimental Approaches
International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Engineering
Volume 5, Issue 5, September 2017, Pages: 90-96
Received: Jan. 1, 2017; Accepted: Jan. 31, 2017; Published: Oct. 24, 2017
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Walid Mohamed Mahmud, Department of Petroleum Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya
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The effect of topological properties on imbibition relative permeabilities and residual saturations was previously studied by utilizing quasi-static network model topologies extracted from actual sandstones 3D micro-tomographic images. Non-wetting fluid in imbibition displacements can be disconnected by snap-off as a result of swelling of wetting films in the corners of pores and throats. The findings showed that the effect of topology on imbibition relative permeabilities depends on the level of snap-off. For strongly wetting conditions where snap-off dominates the displacement the effect of network topology is significantly smaller than for weakly wet conditions where snap-off is suppressed. The findings were valid for random networks and for networks displaying short-range pore-throat and longer-range spatial correlations. The aim of this study is to validate network model findings by comparing them with laboratory measurements of relative permeabilities. Laboratory measured data include imbibition relative permeability for sandstones of similar petrophysical properties to Fontainebleau sandstone used to extract 3D micro-tomographic images. Laboratory measurements were made at ambient conditions on core samples of different diameters and different porosities and permeabilities. Experimental measurements were in good qualitative agreement with stochastic networks that match the full coordination number distribution and geometric properties of networks obtained from 3D micro-CT images. Experimental measurements were also in good agreement with networks displaying both short-range pore-throat correlations and longer-range spatial correlations.
Two-Phase Flow, Relative Permeability, Network Models, Imbibition, Topology, Experimental Measurements
To cite this article
Walid Mohamed Mahmud, Effect of Network Topology on Relative Permeability; Network Model and Experimental Approaches, International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2017, pp. 90-96. doi: 10.11648/j.ogce.20170505.14
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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