Performance Optimsation of Air Cooled Diesel Engine with Simarouba Biodiesel Blends as Substitute Fuel Using Response Surface Method
International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Engineering
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2016, Pages: 81-87
Received: Oct. 30, 2016; Accepted: Jan. 3, 2017; Published: Jan. 30, 2017
Views 2385      Downloads 73
Authors
Anjaneya G., Department of Mechanical Engineering, R.V. College of Engineering, Bengaluru, India
Udaya Ravi M., Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Venkateshwara College of Engineering, Bengaluru, India
Sunil S., Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Venkateshwara College of Engineering, Bengaluru, India
Prabhakar Reddy C., School of Engineering, Presidency University, Bengaluru, India
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
In the present study the usability of simarouba biodiesel blends in air cooled diesel engineand performance optimization of engine is intended in terms of percentage blend and Brake Power (BP). An air cooled diesel engine of 4.4 kW rated power running at constant speed of 1,500 rpm is chosen for conducting the experiments. Experiments are conducted with diesel and biodiesel blends (10%, 20% and 30% by volume) at different load conditions. The performance parameters like Brake Thermal Efficiency (BTE), Brake Specific Fuel Consumptions (BSFC) and emissions-Carbon Monoxide (CO), Hydro Carbon (HC), Oxides of Nitrogen (NOX), and Filter Smoke Number (FSN) are analyzed.The performance of engine is slightly improved in terms of marginal improvement in BTE and BSFC with 20% biodiesel blend as compared to diesel. Emissions are considerably reduced with all blends compared to diesel. The performance optimization of engine is performed using desirability approach of Response Surface Method (RSM). Statistical models correlating percentage biodiesel blend, BPand responses (BTE, BSFC, CO, HC, NOX, and FSN) are developed.
Keywords
Biodiesel Blends, Diesel Engine, Performance and Emissions, RSM
To cite this article
Anjaneya G., Udaya Ravi M., Sunil S., Prabhakar Reddy C., Performance Optimsation of Air Cooled Diesel Engine with Simarouba Biodiesel Blends as Substitute Fuel Using Response Surface Method, International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Engineering. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2016, pp. 81-87. doi: 10.11648/j.ogce.20160406.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Gaurav Dwivedi, Siddharth Jain, Sharma M.P. Impact analysis of biodiesel on engine performance—A review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2011; 15: 4633–4641.
[2]
Ashwani Kumar, Satyawati Sharma. Potential non-edible oil resources as biodiesel feedstock: An Indian perspective, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2011; 15:791-1800.
[3]
Shiv Kumar Lohan, Ram T., Mukesh S., Ali M., Arya S. Sustainability of biodiesel production as vehicular fuel in Indian perspective. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2013; 25:251-259.
[4]
Hwai Chyuan Ong, Masjuki H. H., Mahlia T. M. I., Silitonga A. M., Chong W. T., Leong K. Y. Optimization of biodiesel production and engine performance from high free fattyacid Calophyllum inophyllum oil in CI diesel engine. Energy Conversion and Management, 2014:81: 30-40.
[5]
C. Jena Prakash et al. Biodiesel production from mixture of mahua and simarouba oils with high free fatty acids. Biomass and Bioenergy, 2010; 34:1108-1116.
[6]
Panneerselvam N., Murugesan A., Vijayakumar C., Kumaravel A., Subramaniam D., Avinash A. Effects of injection Timing on biodiesel fuelled engine characteristics—Anoverview. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2015; 50: 17–31.
[7]
Ashrafur Rahman S. M., Masjuki H. H., Kalam M. A., Sanjid A., Abedin M. J. Assessment of emission and performance of compression ignition engine with varying injection timing. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2014; 35: 221–230.
[8]
Pandian M, Sivapirakasam SP, Udayakumar M Investigation on the effect of injection system parameters on the performance and emission characteristics of a twin cylinder compression ignition direct injection engine fuelled with pongamia biodiesel—diesel blend using response surface methodology. Appl Energy 2011:88(8): 2663–2676.
[9]
Jinlin Xue, Tony E. Grift, Alan C. Hansen. Effect of biodiesel on engine performances and emissions. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15 (2011) 1098–1116.
[10]
Ganapathy T et al. Influence of injection timing on performance, combustion and emission characteristics of Jatropha biodiesel engine. Appl. Energy 2011; 88: 4376–86.
[11]
Sayin C, Ilhan M, Canakci M, Gumus M. Effect of injection timing on the Exhaust emissions of a diesel engine using diesel–methanol blends. Renew Energy 2009; 34: 1261–9.
[12]
Muralidharan K, Govindarajan P. Influence of injection timing on the performance and emission characteristics of DI diesel engine using pongamia pinnata methylester. Eur J Sci Res 2011; 59: 417–31.
[13]
Zhu R, Miao H,Wang X, Huang Z. Effects of fuel constituents and injection timing on combustion and emission characteristics of a compression-ignition engine fueled with diesel–DMM blends. Proc Combust Inst 2013; 34: 3013–20.
[14]
H. G. How, An investigation of the engine performance, emissions and combustion characteristics of coconut biodiesel in a high-pressure common-rail diesel engine Energy, 2014; 69: 749-759.
[15]
Hariram V, MohanKumar G. The effect of injection timing on combustion, performance and emission Parameters with AOME blends as a fuel for compression ignition engine. Eur J Sci Res 2012; 79: 653–65.
[16]
Agarwal A K, Srivastava D K, Dharc A, Mauryac R K, Shukla P C, Singh A P. Effect of fuel injection timing and pressure on combustion, emissions and performance characteristics of a single cylinder diesel engine. Fuel 2013; 111: 374–83.
[17]
Raheman H, Ghadge S V. Performance of diesel engine with biodiesel at Varying compression ratio and ignition timing. Fue l2008; 87: 2659–66.
[18]
Hoekman et al. Review of the effect of biodiesel on NOx. Fuel Process Technology; 2012: 237-49.
[19]
Zhu R et al. Effects off fuel constituents and injection timing on combustion and emission characteristics of a compression ignition engine fuelled with diesel-DMM blends, Pro combustion Inst 2013; 34: 3013-20.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186