Synthesis and Characterization of Polyacrylamide Crosslinked Copolymer for Enhanced Oil Recovery and Rock Wettability Alteration
International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2015, Pages: 47-59
Received: Jul. 12, 2015;
Accepted: Jul. 17, 2015;
Published: Jul. 25, 2015
Views 5450 Downloads 192
Abdelaziz El Hoshoudy, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, Naser City, Cairo, Egypt
Saad Desouky, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, Naser City, Cairo, Egypt
Ahmed Al-sabagh, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, Naser City, Cairo, Egypt
Mohammed El-kady, Department of Chemistry, Ainshams University, Faculty of Science, Cairo, Egypt
Mohammed Betiha, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, Naser City, Cairo, Egypt
Sawsan Mahmoud, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, Naser City, Cairo, Egypt
Recently enhanced oil recovery (EOR) technology is getting more attention by many countries since energy crises are getting worse and frightened. To improve oil recovery several techniques had been employed, one of them is wettability alteration by chemical agents flooding. In this research a novel copolymer (Acrylamide-4-Dodecyl-benzenesulfonate-1-vinylimidazol-3-ium-Divinyl sulfone) prepared by free radical emulsion polymerization of acrylamide (AM), 4-Dodecyl-benzenesulfonate-1-vinylimidazol-3-ium (DBSV) as amphoteric surfmer and divinyl sulfone (DVS) as hydrophobic cross-linker moiety had been prepared and characterized. Chemical structure of the prepared copolymer was proven through different techniques such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), nuclear magnetic spectroscopy (1H&13C-NMR), scanning electron microscope (SEM), high resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM), while particle size and particle size distribution were characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and thermal properties characterized by thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Wettability alteration was evaluated by contact angle measurements through static sessile drop method, where the results indicate the novel copolymer ability for altering wettability of sandstone rock from oil-wet to water wet even at harsh reservoir conditions, so enhance oil recovery factor.
Abdelaziz El Hoshoudy,
Synthesis and Characterization of Polyacrylamide Crosslinked Copolymer for Enhanced Oil Recovery and Rock Wettability Alteration, International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Engineering.
Vol. 3, No. 4,
2015, pp. 47-59.
Tabary R, and Bazin B, “Advances in chemical flooding” IFP-OAPEC Joint Seminar; Improved Oil recovery (IOR) Techniques and Their Role in Boosting the Recovery Factor, France (2007).
Aldasani A, “Updated EOR screening criteria and modeling the impacts of water salinity changes on oil recovery” PhD. thesis Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of the Missouri University of Science and Technology (2012).
Nguyen P T, Do B P H, Pham D K, Nguyen H A, Dao D Q P and Nguyen B D, SPE 92667, 2012, 436-445.
Al-Hadhrami H S, SPE 71866 Reservoir Evaluation and Engineering, 2001, 4, 179- 186.
Subhash C, Ayirala, Chandra S Vijapurapu, Dandina N. Rao, Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 2006, 52, 261-274.
Goddard III W A , Wu Y, Shuler PJ ,Blanco M, and Tang Y , SPE Journal, 2008,13, 26-34.
Bastiat G, Grassl B, and François J, Polym. Int., 2002, 51, 958-965.
Feng Y J, Billon L, Grassl B, Bastiat G, Borisov O and François J, Polymer, 2005, 46, 9283-9295.
Zhao Y Z, Zhou J Z, Xu X H, Liu W B, Zhang J Y, Fan M H and Wang J B, Colloid Polym. Sci., 2009, 287, 237 -241.
Jiang T T , Lu J , Wang H Y , Wang B H , Han H J , Wu H J , Advanced Materials Research, 2013, 805-806, 1344-1347.
Shashkina A. Y, Zaroslov D Yu, Smirnov V A, Philippova O E, Khokhlov A R, Pryakhina T A, and Churochkina N A, Polymer, 2003, 44, 2289- 2293.
Camail M, Margaillan A, Martin I, Papailhou A L and Vernet J L, Eur. Polym. J., 2000, 36, 1853 -1863.
Gao B J, Guo H P, Wang J, and Zhang Y, Macromolecules, 2008, 41, 2890- 2897.
Philippe Reb, Kristina Margarit-Puri, Markus Klapper, and Klaus Müllen, Macromolecules, 2000, 33, 7718- 7723.
Guyot A, Adv. Colloid Interface Sci., 2004, 108 -109, 3-22.
Léger A , Weber L and Mortensen A , Acta Materialia, 2015, 91, 57- 69.
Das S , Thundat T and Mitra S K , Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 2014, 446, 23-32.
Arsalan N , Buiting J J , and Nguyen Q P , Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 2015, 467, 107-112.
Jiang G, Ren Y, Zheng D, Sun S, An Y and Wang C, Petroleum Exploration and Development, 2015, 42, 125- 128.
Wu Y M, Chen Q F, Xu J and Bi J M, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2008, 108, 134 -139.
Xu J, Zhao W P, Wang C X and Wu Y M, Express Polymer Letters, 2010, 4, 275-283.
Al-Sabagh A M, Kandile N G, El-Ghazawy R A, Noor El-Din M R, and El-sharaky E A, Egyptian Journal of Petroleum, 2013, 22, 531- 538.
Monégier du Sorbier Q, Aimable A and Pagnoux C , Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2015, 448, 306 -314.
Xu X J, and Chen F, Polymer, 2004, 45, 4801- 4810.
Samaneh Saber-Samandari, Mustafa Gazi,, Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, In Press, 2015, doi:10.1016/j.jtice.2015.01.013.
Gou S, Ye Z, Feng M, Liu M, Huang Z, and Liu T, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013, 130, 2901-2911.
Xu J, Wu Y, Wang C, and Wang Y, Journal of Polymer Research, 2009, 16, 569- 575.
Li J, Wu F P, and Wang E J, Chinese Journal of Polymer Science, 2010, 28, 137-145.
Klein J and Conrad K D, Makromolecule Chemistry &Physics, 1980, 181, 227-240.