International Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering
Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2018, Pages: 59-64
Received: May 22, 2018;
Accepted: Sep. 3, 2018;
Published: Nov. 7, 2018
Views 460 Downloads 45
Yomna Ali Moustafa Marzok Elkhateeb, Microbial Chemistry Department, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Division, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt; Clinical Nutrition Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Hail, Hail, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Norah Yousefkhaled Alfhied, Clinical Nutrition Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Hail, Hail, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Glucose is the main type of sugar found in blood and main source of energy. Glucose comes from the food and is also made in liver and muscles. Blood carries glucose to all of body’s cells to use for energy. Pancreas releases a hormone insulin, into blood. Insulin helps blood carry glucose to all body’s cells. Glucose stays in blood and doesn’t reach cells when body doesn’t make enough insulin or the insulin doesn’t work the way it should. Blood glucose levels increased and can cause diabetes or prediabetes. Prediabetes means that the amount of glucose in blood is above normal level but not high enough to be called diabetes. Chances of getting type 2 diabetes are higher with prediabetes. With some weight loss and moderate physical activity, the person can prevent type 2 diabetes. The person can even return to normal glucose levels, possibly without taking any medicines.  Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Several pathogenic processes are involved in the development of diabetes.  The prevalence of type 2 diabetes has risen steadily in recent decades, and type 2 diabetes is now a global health problem. Diabetes causes greater morbidity and mortality. There is increased concern about prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Arabic countries especially Saudi Arabia.  Therefore, the current study designed to determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus among female students in University of Hail; study the association of diabetes mellitus in relation to obesity and using of BMI as a diagnostic tool in the current classification system for obesity.
Yomna Ali Moustafa Marzok Elkhateeb,
Norah Yousefkhaled Alfhied,
A Study on the Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus Among Students of Hail University, International Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering.
Vol. 6, No. 3,
2018, pp. 59-64.
Abdulfatai B. Olokoba, Olusegun A. Obateru and Lateefat B. Olokoba. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Review of Current Trends. Oman Medical Journal 2012;27( 4): 269-273 .
Kevin Knight, Enkhe Badamgarav, James M. Henning Vic Hasselblad, Anacleto D. Gano, Joshua J. Of man, and Scott R. Weingarten. A Systematic Review of Diabetes Disease Management Programs, The American Journal Of Managed Care. 2005;11:242-250.
Logue, J; Walker, JJ; Leese, G, Lindsay, R; McKnight, J; Morris, A; Philip, S; Wild, S; Sattar, N & on behalf of The Scottish Diabetes Research Network Epidemiology Group. The Association Between BMI Measured Within a Year After Diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes and Mortality. Diabetes Care. 2013; 36:887–893.
WHO. Diabetes, NMHF act Sheet, 2010. Availableat: (http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs312/en/)
Srinivasan K. Plant foods in the management of diabetes mellitus: spices as beneficial antidiabetic food adjuncts. Int J Food SciNutr. 2005;56(6): 399-414.
A. Astrup and N. Finer. Redefining Type 2 diabetes: ‘Diabesity’ or ‘Obesity Dependent Diabetes Mellitus’?, International Association for the Study of Obesity. 2000; 1: 57–59 .
George A Bray, Kathleen A Jablonski, Wilfred Y Fujimoto. Relation of central adiposity and body mass index to the development of diabetes in the Diabetes Prevention Program. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008; 87:1212– 1218.
JUNE M. CHAN, ERIC B. RIMM, GRAHAM A. Colditz, MEIR J. STAMPFER and WALTER C. WILLETT.
Obesity, Fat Distribution, and Weight Gain as Risk Factors for Clinical Diabetes in Men, Diabetes Care. 1994;17(9):961-969
Javier Gómez-Ambrosi, Camilo Silva, Juan C. Galofré, Javier Escalada, Silvia Santos, María J. Gil, Victor Valent, Fernando Rotellar, Beatriz Ramírez, Javier Salvador and Gema Frühbeck. Body Adiposity and Type 2 Diabetes: Increased Risk With a High Body Fat Percentage Even Having a Normal BMI, Obesity. 2011; 19(7):1439–1444.
Amy R. Weinstein, Howard D., I. Min Lee, Nancy R. Cook, JoAnn E. Manson, Julie E. Buring and J. Michael Gaziano. Relationship of Physical Activity vs Body Mass Index With Type 2 Diabetes in Women. JAMA. 2004; 292(10):1188-1194.
Snedecor, G. w. and W. G. Cochran (1980). Statistical Methods, 7th ed. Iowa State Unive. Press, Iowa, USA.
Waller, A. and D. B. Duncan. Multiple range and multiple test. Biometries. 1969; 11: 1-24.
Richard F. Hamman, RENA R. Wing, Sharon L. Edelstein, John M. Lachin, George A. Bray, Linda Delahanty, Mary Hoskin, Andrea M. Kriska, Elizabeth J. Mayer-davis, Xavier PI-Sunyear, Judith Regensteiner, Beth Venditti, Judithwylie-Rosett,For The Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Effect of Weight Loss With Lifestyle Intervention on Risk of Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2006; 29:2102–2107.
Ibrahim Abdelmajeed Ginawi ; Abdelbaset Mohamed Elasbali; Hussain Gadelkarim Ahmed; Awdah M. Al-hazimi; Hassan Kasim Haridi; Ibraheem M. Ashankyty; Abdelkareem Alsuedaa; Daad Akbar; Fatma Albeladi and Ahmed Alrashdan. Prevalence Rates of Diabetes and Obesity in 4 Provincesin Hail Region, KSA. Egypt. Acad. J. Biolog. Sci. 2014; 6(2): 47– 53.
Hauner H. Managing type 2 diabetes mellitusin patients with obesity. Treat Endocrinol. 2004;3(4):223-32.
WHO Media centre. Obesity and overweight. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2013. Available at: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/
Mansour M. Al-Nozha, Mohammed A. Al-Maatouq, Yaqoub Y. Al-Mazrou. Diabetes mellitus in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J. 2004; 25 (11): 1603-1610.
Khalid A. Alqurashi, Khalid S. Aljabri, and Samia A. Bokhari. Prevalenceofdiabetes mellitus in a Saudicommunity. Ann Saudi Med. 2011; 31(1): 19–23.
AL-ShahraniAM, Al-Khaldi YM. Obesityamong diabetic and hypertensivepatients in Aseerregion. SaudiArabia. Saudi J Obesity 2013; 1:14-7.
American Diabetes Association. Obesity Management for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes. Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes2018 Jan; 41(Supplement 1): S65-S72. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc18-S007
Gerald H T, Daphne O. Diet, Obesity and Diabetes. Archives of Diabetes & Obesity. 2018:1(1):14-16.