Histology Biomarkers in Muscle and Ovary of Mangrove Crab, Perisesarma bidens Exposed to Profenofos
International Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering
Volume 5, Issue 1, February 2017, Pages: 1-8
Received: Jan. 7, 2017; Accepted: Jan. 24, 2017; Published: Feb. 21, 2017
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Authors
A. Maharajan, PG & Research Department of Zoology, Khadir Mohideen College, Adirampattinam, Thanjavur Dist, Tamil Nadu
V. Ganapiriya, PG & Research Department of Zoology, Khadir Mohideen College, Adirampattinam, Thanjavur Dist, Tamil Nadu
K. Shanmugavel, PG & Research Department of Zoology, Khadir Mohideen College, Adirampattinam, Thanjavur Dist, Tamil Nadu
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Abstract
The purpose of the present study is to afford information on the outcome of profenofos on the crab, Perisesarma bidens, a biologically momentous mangrove crab. The crabs were exposed to profenofos concentrations of 0.038ppm and 0.076 ppm (sublethal) for 28 days. The muscle tissue showed disintegrated epidermis with vacuolation, gap formation in between the muscle bundles, necrosis, marked thickening and separation of muscle bundle and pronounced intramuscular oedema with minor dystrophic changes. The histopathological changes in the ovary are destruction of epithelial layer with oocytes degeneration and disorganization of nucleus, pycnosis of nutritive cells and oogonial cells, loosely arranged epithelial cells and vacuolization. The histopathological changes induce toxicity at cellular level and hence all possible measures should be taken to prevent the occurrence of profenofos toxicity in the aquatic environment and crustaceans.
Keywords
Profenofos, Mangroves, Perisesarma bidens
To cite this article
A. Maharajan, V. Ganapiriya, K. Shanmugavel, Histology Biomarkers in Muscle and Ovary of Mangrove Crab, Perisesarma bidens Exposed to Profenofos, International Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2017, pp. 1-8. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbse.20170501.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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