International Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering
Volume 5, Issue 1, February 2017, Pages: 1-8
Received: Jan. 7, 2017;
Accepted: Jan. 24, 2017;
Published: Feb. 21, 2017
Views 3565 Downloads 114
A. Maharajan, PG & Research Department of Zoology, Khadir Mohideen College, Adirampattinam, Thanjavur Dist, Tamil Nadu
V. Ganapiriya, PG & Research Department of Zoology, Khadir Mohideen College, Adirampattinam, Thanjavur Dist, Tamil Nadu
K. Shanmugavel, PG & Research Department of Zoology, Khadir Mohideen College, Adirampattinam, Thanjavur Dist, Tamil Nadu
The purpose of the present study is to afford information on the outcome of profenofos on the crab, Perisesarma bidens, a biologically momentous mangrove crab. The crabs were exposed to profenofos concentrations of 0.038ppm and 0.076 ppm (sublethal) for 28 days. The muscle tissue showed disintegrated epidermis with vacuolation, gap formation in between the muscle bundles, necrosis, marked thickening and separation of muscle bundle and pronounced intramuscular oedema with minor dystrophic changes. The histopathological changes in the ovary are destruction of epithelial layer with oocytes degeneration and disorganization of nucleus, pycnosis of nutritive cells and oogonial cells, loosely arranged epithelial cells and vacuolization. The histopathological changes induce toxicity at cellular level and hence all possible measures should be taken to prevent the occurrence of profenofos toxicity in the aquatic environment and crustaceans.
Histology Biomarkers in Muscle and Ovary of Mangrove Crab, Perisesarma bidens Exposed to Profenofos, International Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering.
Vol. 5, No. 1,
2017, pp. 1-8.
B. J. Bhadhade, S. S. Sarnaik and P. P. Kanekar, “Bioremediation of an industrial effluent containing monocrotophos”. Cur. Microbiol. 2002, 45, 346-349.
B. Jyothi and G. Narayan, “Certain pesticide- induced carbohydrate metabolic disorders in the serum of freshwater fish Clarias batrachus (Linn.)”. Food. Chem. Toxicol. 1999, 37, 417-421.
S. M. Naqvi and C. Vaishnavi, “Bioaccumulative potential and toxicity of Endosulfan insecticide to non-target animals”. Comp. Biochem. Phys. 1993,105, 347-361.
R. Mishra and S. P. Shukla, “Endosulfan effects on muscle malate dehydrogenase of the fresh water catfish Clarias batrachus”. Ecotox. Environ. Safe. 2003, 425-433.
D. J. H. Phillips, and P. S. Rainbow, “Biomonitoring of trace Aquatic contaminants”. Chapman and Hall, London. 1994.
P. J. Pandya, “Benthic community structure of Mahi River estuary with special reference to animal-sediment relationship”. Ph. D. Thesis, the Maharaja Sayaji rao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat, India. 2011, p. 23-104.
C. E. Warren, “Biology and water pollution control.” W.B. Saunders Co. Philadelphia.1971.
S. Selvakumar, S. Ajmal Khan and A. K. Kumaraguru, “Acute toxicity of some heavy metals, pesticides and water soluble fractions of diesel oil to the larvae of some brachyuran crabs”. J. Environ. Biol. 1996, 17, 221-226.
P. Peebua, M. Kruatrachue Pokethitiyook and S. Singhakaew, “Histopathological alterations of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus in acute and sub chronic Alachlor exposure”. J. Envi. Bio. 2008, 29(3), pp. 325-331.
P. Saravana Bhavan and P. Geraldine, “Manifestation of Carbaryl toxicity on soluble protein and histopathology in the heptopancreas and gills of the prawn, Macrobrachium malcolmsonii”. J. Envi. Bio. 2009, 30(4), pp. 533-538.
M. Manosathiyadevan, V. Selvisabhanayakam and Divya, “Morphological alterations and biochemical contents of the testis of adult male freshwater prawn Macrobrachium malcolmsonii”. Ind. J. Fun. App. Lif. Sci. 2012, 2(4), pp.104-113.
S. M. Maryam, V. Khalili, A. Abbasiand Hedayati, “Sub-lethal effect of copper toxicity on liver lesions of Roach (Rutilusrutilus caspicus) juveniles”. JNASCI. 2013, 2(4), 119-123.
A. R. Chourpagar and G. K. Kulkarani, “Effect of mercuric chloride on gill structure of a freshwater female crab, Barytelphusa cunicularis (Westwood)”. J. Glob. Biosci. 2014, 3(2), 423-427.
A. Maharajan, R. Saraswathi and P. Kumarasamy, “Profenofos induced protein alterations in fresh water crab, Paratelphusa jacquemontii (Rathbun)”. Int. J. Pharmaceu. and Biolo. Rese. 2012, Vol. 3, Issue, 3, pp. 127-131.
A. Maharajan. K. Neelakandamoorthy and P. Kumarasamy, “Impact of Profenofos on Oxygen Consumption and Gill Histopathology of the Fresh Water Crab, Paratelphusa jacquemontii (Rathbun)”. A J. Toxicol.2012, Vol. 2, Iss. 2, pp. 46-55.
A. Maharajan. V. Ganapiriya. and K. Shanmugavel, “Brachyuran crab diversity in Muthupettai mangroves on southeast coast of Tamil Nadu”. Int. J. Fisheri. and Aqua. Stud.2015, 2(5), 30-31.
A. Maharajan, Y. Narayanasamy, V. Ganapiriya and K. Shanmugavel, “Histological alterations of a combination of Chlorpyrifos and Cypermethrin (Nurocombi) 2 Insecticide in the fresh water crab, Paratelphusa jacquemontii (Rathbun)”. J. Basic and Appl. Zool. 2015, 72, 104-112.
APHA, “Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water APHA, AWWA and WPCF, New York”. 1985.
G. L. Humason, “Animal tissue Techniques,” 3rd Ed., W.H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco. 1972.
A. A. G. Tehrani, Z. Sadeghi, N. H. Badamchi Sanjou and A. Mansoub Azhari, “Effect of Carbamates pesticides on Instar I-II larvae and Adult Artemia urumiana”. Annals of Biologi. Resea. 2011, 2(3), 515-525.
S. C. Das BK and A. Mukherjee, “Histopathological study of carp Labeo rohita exposed to Hexachlorocyclohexane”. Veterinarski Arhiv. 2000, 70(4), 169-180.
A. S. M. Fatma, “Histopathological studies on Tilapia zilliiand Solea vulgaris from Lake Qarun, Egypt”. World J. Fish and Mar. Sci. 2009, 1(1), 29-39.
H. Parikh, P. Rangrez, A. Bagchi and B. N. Desai, “Effect of Dimethote on some histoarchitecture of freshwater fish Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters, 1852)”. The Bioscan. 2010, 5(1), 55-58.
S. F. Rakhi, AHMM, M. S. Reza and Z. Hossen Hossain, “Alterations in histopathological features and brain acetylcholine esterase activity in stinging catfish Heteropneustes fossilis exposed to polluted river water”.Int. Aqua. Resea.2013, 5 (7), 1-18.
A. R. Chourpagar and G. K. Kulkarni, “Heavy metal toxicity to a freshwater crab, Barytelphusa cunicularis (Westwood) from Aurangabad region”. Recent Resea.Sci. and Techno. 2011, 3(3), 1-5.
D. S. Castiglioni and M. L. Negreiros- Fransozo, “Breeding season and molt cycle of the fiddler crab Uca rapax (Brachyura, Ocypodidae) in a subtropical estuary, Brazil South Africa”. Gulf and Caribbean resea. 2006, 19, 11-20.
A. V. Andhale, P. A. Bhosale and S. P. Zambare, “Histopathological study of nickel induced alterations in the fresh water bivalve, Lammellidens marginalis”. J. Exp. Sci. 2011, 2(4), 1-3.
F. I. Shaikh, I. R. Ustad and N. T. Ansari, “Effect of heavy metal on the ovary of fresh water crab, Barytelphusa cunicularis (Westwood)”. The Bioscan.2010, 5(2), 335-338.
R. Sarojini, P. R. Machale, A. K. Khan and R. Nagabhushanam, “Effect of cadmium chloride on histology and biochemical contents of the hepatopancreas of the freshwater crab, Barytelphusa guerini”. Enviro. Series. 1990, 6, 91-97.
P. S. Kharat, K. B. Shejule and B. C. Ghobale, “Histopathological changes in ovary of fresh water prawn Macrobrachium kistensis exposed to TBTCL”. World J. Zoo. 2011, 6(3), 296-300.
A. A. G. Tehrani, Z. Sadeghi Badamchi, N. H. Sanjou Mansoub and A. Azhari, “Effect of Carbamates pesticides on Instar I-II larvae and Adult Artemia urumiana”. Annals of Biol. Resea. 2011, 2(3), 515-525.
T. J, Jadhav and J. D. Shaikh, “Histopathological changes in the ovary of freshwater crab, Barytelphusa cunicularis exposed to Endosulphan”. Int. J. Sci. 2012, 1(2), pp. 139-140.
E. Puccia, C. M. Messina, M. V. Cangialosi, P. D'Agati, C. Mansueto, C. PelleritoL. Nagy, V. Mansueto, M. Scopelliti, T. Fiore and L. Pellerito, “Lipid and fatty acid variations in Cionain testinalis ovary after tri-n-butyltin (IV) chloride exposure”. Appli. Organometa. Chemis. 2005, 19(1), 23-29.