Measurement of Elemental Compositions of Selected Tropical Wood Species – a Case Study of Pra Anum Forest, Ghana
International Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2015, Pages: 34-43
Received: Mar. 19, 2015; Accepted: Apr. 7, 2015; Published: May 4, 2015
Views 4546      Downloads 166
S. Aggrey-Smith, Institute of Distance Learning, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
K. Preko, Department of Physics, College of Science, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
F. Wilson, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Forestry Research Institute of Ghana, Fumesua, Kumasi, Ghana
J. Gbadago, National Nuclear Research Institute, Ghana Atomic Energy Commission, Kwabenya, Accra, Ghana
Article Tools
Follow on us
The elemental compositions and concentration of major and minor trace elements of twenty (20) tropical hardwoods from the environmental site of Pra Anum forest (longitudes 1o 12’ and 1o 15’ W; latitude 6o 14’ and 6o 20’ N) were determined using Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA). The investigation covered samples from the immediate vicinity of the soil in which the woods were grown, the root, stem and the leaf segments of the wood species. A total of seven major trace elements (Al, Mg, Ca, K, Na, Cl, Na) and two minor trace elements (Br, La) were identified. The concentrations of all the elements were found to be generally highest in the leaves (> 10,000 ppm) of all the wood species. Ca and K were found in highest concentration levels in the stem (> 500 ppm) of the wood species, Albizia zygia, Morinda lucida and Stromboria glaucescens. In the root, Ca and K were found comparatively high (> 500 ppm) in Daniellia ogeafaro, Albizia zygia, Morinda lucida and Stromboria glaucescens. There were anomalous cases of certain wood species having greater concentrations of trace elements in their parts than that measured in the soils. The concentrations of Ca in Albizia zygia and Morinda lucida were found to be on the average, constant for the roots, stems and leaves.
Hardwood, Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA), Trace Elements
To cite this article
S. Aggrey-Smith, K. Preko, F. Wilson, J. Gbadago, Measurement of Elemental Compositions of Selected Tropical Wood Species – a Case Study of Pra Anum Forest, Ghana, International Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2015, pp. 34-43. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbse.20150303.11
Abbiw, D.K. (1990). Useful plants in Ghana: West African Uses of Wild and cultivated plant. Intermediate Technology Publication. The Royal Botanic Garden, Kew, Richmond, UK.
Alam, S. (2009). Antimicrobial activity of natural products from medicinal plants. GomalJournal of Medical Sciences 7(1):72-78.
Balaji T., Acharya R.N., Nair A.G.C., Reddy A.V.R., RaoK.S, Naidu G.R.K, Manohar S.B. (2000). In:Rabia N, Mir AK, Kiran YK, Mushtaq A, Barkat A, Paras M, Mazhar M, Hussain A (2012). Element Content of Some Ethno medicinal Ziziphus Linn. Species Using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Technique. J. Appl. Pharm. Sci. 02(03):96-100.
Brammer, H. (1962). Soils. In J. B. Wills (Ed.), Agriculture and land use in Ghana, Ministry of Agriculture, Accra, Ghana (pp. 84-114). London: Oxford University Press.
Burkil, H. M, (1985). Useful plants of West Africa. Vol. 2 (E-I). Royal Botanic Garden, Kew, Richmond, UK.
Durlach J, Altura BM (1983). Magnesium, diabetes and carbohydrate metabolism. Magnesium (2):173-336.
DRI, 2001. (Dietary Reference Intakes) for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. National Academy Press Washington, D.C.
Gill, L.S., (1992). Ethnomedicinal Uses of plants in Nigeria. Uniben Press, Benin City, Nigeria.
Gbolahan, D. (2001). Lesson Notes on medical importance of trace elements. Center for Natural Health Studies.
Hall, J. B., & Swaine, M. D. (1981). Distribution and ecology of vas-cular plants in a tropical rain forest vegetation of Ghana (383p). Geobotany Series 1, The Hague: Dr. W. Junk Publishers.
Kern, M ( 2005). CRC desk reference on sports nutrition. CRC Press. pp. 117–. ISBN 978-0-8493-2273-0. Wikipedia, Retrieved March, 2015
Martin Jr, D. W., Mayers, P. A., Rodwell, V. W., Granner, D. K. 1985. Harper’s Review of Biochemistry, 20th ed., Lange Medical Publications, California, pp. 651-660
Moss, NS (1981). Ayurvedic Flora Medica, John Lindley, New Delhi.
Mshana, R. N. et al (2000). Traditional medicine and pharmacopoeia: contribution to the revision of enthnobotanical and floristic studies in Ghana. OAU/STRC Publishers.
Ncube N.S, Afolayan A. J, Okoh AI (2008). Assessment Techniques of Antimicrobial Properties of Natural Compounds of Plant Origin: Current Methods and Future Trends. Afri. J. Biotechnol. 7(1 – 2):1797 – 1806
Okoli, R.I., Agbe, O., Ohaju-Obodo, J.O. and Mensah, J.K. 2007. Medicinal plants used for managing some common ailments among Esan people of Edo State, Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 6(5):490-496.
Pettersen, R.C. (1984).The Chemical Composition of WoodU.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, WI 53705. Pg58
Sakina, M. Y.,Alia, E. A. R.,Gihan, O.M. E., andAbdelhafeez, M.A. M., (2013). Elemental Analysis of Ten Sudanese Medicinal Plants Using X-ray Fluorescence. Journal of Applied and Industrial Sciences, April 2013, 1(1):49-53.
Singh V and Garg AN (1997). Availability of essential trace elements in Ayurvedic Indian medicinal herbs using instrumental neutron activation analysis. J. Appl. RadiationIsotops, 48: 97-101.
Sofowora, A.(2008). Medicinal plants and Traditional Medicine in Africa. Polygraphics Ventures Ltd. Ibadan. 3rdEd: pp. 253-258.
Sonon, L. (2010). Plants nutrients,
Taylor, C. J. (1960). Synecology and siviculture in Ghana. Thos. Nelson and son Ltd
Vashishtha, V.M., Kumar, A., John, J. and Nayak, N.C. (2007), “Cassia occidentalispoisoning cause’s fatal coma in children in Western Uttar Padesh”, Indian Pediatrics44(17): 522-525.
Veerachari, U. and Bopaiah, A.K. 2011. Preliminary phytochemical evaluation of the leaf extract of five Cassia species. Journalof Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research 3(5): 574-583.
Walter, L. (1995). Physiological Plant Ecology: Ecophysiology and Stress Physiology of Functional Groups, 3rd edn. Springer-Verlag, New York. pp. 167–211.
Yamashita C.I, Saiki M, Vasconcellos, M. B. A, Sertic, J. A. A (2005). Characterization of trace elements in Casearia Medicinal Plant by Neutron Activation Analysis. Appl. Radiat. Isot. 633:841-846
Zafar, A.M, Mohammad S, Saad Bin Z. M, Mahwish A. K. (2010) Herbal Treatment for Cardiovascular Disease. The Evidence Based Therapy Pak. J. Pharm. Sci., 23(1):119-124
Zargar, A. H, Shah, N. A, Masoodi, S. R, Laway, B. A, Dar, F. A, Khan, A.R, Sofi, F.A, Wani, A. I (1998). Copper, zinc, and magnesium levels in non-insulin dependent Diabetes mellitus. Postgrad. Med. J. (74):665-668.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186