Phytochemical Compositions in Some Nigerian Medicinal Plants and Their Pharmacological Properties: A Review
Journal of Anesthesiology
Volume 6, Issue 1, June 2018, Pages: 15-25
Received: Feb. 3, 2018; Accepted: Mar. 9, 2018; Published: Apr. 14, 2018
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Authors
Rabiu Musa Kutama, Department of Biology, School of Science Education, Sa’adatu Rimi College of Education, Kumbotso, Nigeria
Safiyya Abdulkadir, Department of Biology, School of Science Education, Sa’adatu Rimi College of Education, Kumbotso, Nigeria
Sani Ahmad Kwalli, Department of Chemistry, Rabi'u Musa Kwankwaso College of Advanced and Remedial Studies, Tudunwada, Nigeria
Gambo Chiroma, Department of Biology, School of Science Education, Sa’adatu Rimi College of Education, Kumbotso, Nigeria
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Abstract
Nigeria is naturally blessed with both savannah and tropical rainforests vegetation and these offer a wide distribution of plants believed to possesses secondary metabolites which are responsible for treating or curing various diseases. Several researches have been carried out in order to explore and identify the chemical compositions responsible for various pharmacological activities in Nigerian medicinal plants. This paper discussed the meaning and historical development of medicinal plants. A brief account of phytochemicals (alkaloids and flavonoids) were also given. The plants presented in this paper confirmed the pharmacological activities of these plants and includes; anticonvulsant, antioxidant, antibacterial, anxiolytic, antiinflammatory, antiulcer, anticancer, antiplasmodial, antitrypanosomal, antithypoid, antitumor, antileishmanial, antidiarrhoeal, antidiabetic, antituberculosis, analgesic as well as others.
Keywords
Alkaloids, Flavonoids, Medicinal Plants, Phytochemicals, Pharmacological Properties
To cite this article
Rabiu Musa Kutama, Safiyya Abdulkadir, Sani Ahmad Kwalli, Gambo Chiroma, Phytochemical Compositions in Some Nigerian Medicinal Plants and Their Pharmacological Properties: A Review, Journal of Anesthesiology. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2018, pp. 15-25. doi: 10.11648/j.ja.20180601.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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