Biologically Potential for Pharmacologicals and Phytochemicals of Medicinal Plants of Colocasia esculenta: A Comprehensive Review
American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Volume 3, Issue 5-1, October 2015, Pages: 7-11
Received: Jun. 29, 2015; Accepted: Jul. 1, 2015; Published: Jul. 15, 2015
Views 5966      Downloads 259
Md. Reyad-ul-Ferdous, Department of Pharmacy, Progati Medical Institute, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Department of Pharmacy, North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Saiful Islam Arman, Department of Pharmacy, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Md. Munirul Islam Tanvir, Department of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh
Shamsunnahar Sumi, Department of Pharmacy, North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Kazi Md. Mostafizur Rahman Siddique, Department of Pharmacy, University of Asia Pacific, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Md. Mustahsan Billah, Department of Pharmacy, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh
Md. Siddiqul Islam, Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Article Tools
Follow on us
Colocasia esculenta (L) Schott of the family Araceae is an herbaceous perennial plant cultivated as annuals. Local name of C. esculenta is Kochu in Bangladesh and Taro in India. C. esculenta (L) is an ancient crop grown throughout the humid tropics and is widely used throughout the world; Africa, Asia, the West Indies, and South America. Its edible corms and leaves are traditionally used for hepatic ailments. Juice obtained from stems. Schott is used to stop bleeding from cuts and Wounds. The young leaves and roots are rich in Vitamin C as well as starch. It contains calcium, phosphorours, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, oxalic acid, calcium oxalate, sapotoxin and flavones, apigenin and luteolin. The biological properties as well as chemical constituents of plant C. esculenta were widely used in folk medicine. In traditional medicine, C. esculenta is used as Anti microbial, Antihepatotoxic, Anti-cancer, Anti-Lipidperoxidative, Antibacterial and Antifungal, Antidiabetic, Anti-melanogenic, Anthelmintic. In present study, C. esculenta shows potent pharmacological activity such as Antimicrobial, Antihepatotoxic, Anti-cancer, Anti-Lipidperoxidative, antibacterial and Antifungal, Antidiabetic, Anti-melanogenic, Anthelmintic. Due to present of several potential chemical constituents it may use in several disease conditions for the future treatment.
Colocasia esculenta, Phytochemicals, Pharmacologicals, Antihepatotoxic, Anti-Cancer, Antidiabetic, Anti-Lipidperoxidative, Anti-Melanogenic, Anthelmintic
To cite this article
Md. Reyad-ul-Ferdous, Md. Saiful Islam Arman, Md. Munirul Islam Tanvir, Shamsunnahar Sumi, Kazi Md. Mostafizur Rahman Siddique, Md. Mustahsan Billah, Md. Siddiqul Islam, Biologically Potential for Pharmacologicals and Phytochemicals of Medicinal Plants of Colocasia esculenta: A Comprehensive Review, American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Special Issue: Herbal Remedies as Alternative to Future Drugs Development and Treatment . Vol. 3, No. 5-1, 2015, pp. 7-11. doi: 10.11648/j.ajcem.s.2015030501.12
Kala, C. P., Dhyani, P. P., Sajwan,B. S. Developing the medicinal plants sector in Northern India: Challenges and opportunities. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed.2, 32 (2006).
Farombi, E. O. African indigenous plants with chemotherapeutic potentials and biotechnological approach to the production of bioactive sporophylactic agents. African J. Biotech.2 (12), 662-671 (2003).
Stuffness, M., Douros, J. Current status of the NCI plant and animal product program. J Nat Prod.45, 1-14 (1982).
Baker, J. T., Borris, R. P., Carté, B., Cordell, G. A., Soejarto, D. D., Cragg, G. M., Gupta, M. P., Iwu, M. M., Madulid, D. R., Tyler, V. E. Natural product drug discovery and development: New perspective on international collaboration. J. Nat. Prod.58, 1325-1357 (1995).
Dulger, B., Gonuz, A. Antimicrobial Activity of Certain Plants used in Turkish Traditional Medicine. Asian J. Of Plant Sciences. 3(1), 104-107 (2004).
Reddy, P. S., Jamil, K., Madhusudhan, P. Antibacterial activity of isolates from Piper longumand Taxusbaccata. Pharmaceutical Biol.39 (3), 236-238 (2001).
Erdogrul, O. T. Antibacterial activities of some plant extracts used in folk medicine. Pharmaceutical Biol.40 (4), 269-273 (2002).
Ateb, D. A., Erdourul, O. T. Antimicrobial activities of various medicinal and commercial plant extracts. Turk. J. Biol.27, 157-162 (2003).
Uysal, I., Celik, S., Oldacay, M. Antimicrobial activity of anthemiscoelopodavar. Bourgaeiboiss and anthemistinctoriavar. Pallida DC. Species having ethnobotanical features. J. Applied Sci.5 (4), 639-642 (2005).
Rai, M. K.Ethnomedicinal studies of Chhindwara district (M.P.). I. Plants used in stomach disorders. Ind. Med.1, 1989, 1-5 (1989).
Taylor, R. S. L., Manandhar, N. P., Hudson, J. B., Towers, G. H. N. Antiviral activities of Nepalese medicinal plants. J. Ethnopharmacol.52, 157-163 (1996).
Chung, T. H., Kim, J. C., Kim, M. K., Choi, S. C., Kim, S. L. Investigation of korean plant extracts for potential phytotherapeutic agents against B-virus hepatitis. Phytotherapy Res. 9(6), 429-434 (1995).
Vlietinck, A. J., Van Hoof, L., Tott, J. Screening of hundred Rwandese medicinal plants for antimicrobial and antiviral properties. J. Ethnopaharmacol.46, 31-47 (1995).
Kubde, M. S., Khadabadi,S. S. Farooqui, I. A., Deore, S. L. In-vitro anthelmintic activity of Colocasia esculenta. Der Pharmacia Lettre. 2(2), 82-85 (2010).
Patil, B. R., Ageely, H. M.Anti hepatotoxic activity ofcolocasiaesculenta leaf juice. International Journal of Advanced Biotechnology and Research. 2(2), 296-304 (2011).
Kubde, M. S.,Khadabadi, S. S.,Saboo, S. S.,Ghorpade D. S., Modi, A. J. In Vitro antimicrobial activity of the crude extracts of Colocasia esculenta leaves L (Araceae). International Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Research.1 (8), (2010).
Brown, A.C.,Reitzenstein, J. E., Liu, J.,Jadus, M. R. The anti-cancer effects of poi (Colocasiaesculenta) on colonic adenocarcinoma cells In vitro. Phytotherapy Research. 19(9), 767-771 (2005).
Patil, B.R., Ageely, H. M. Anti lipidperoxidative activity of Colocasia esculenta leaf juice against CCL4 and Acetaminophen mediated cell damage. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Applications.2 (3), 141-149 (2011).
Namrata, B. S., Kumar, L., Dwivedi, S. C. Antibacterial and Antifungal Activity of Colocasia esculenta Aqueous Extract: An Edible Plant. Journal of Pharmacy Research 4(5), 1459-1460 (2011).
Kumawat, N. S., Chaudhari, S. P., Wani, N. S., Deshmukh, T. A., Patil, V. R.Antidiabetic activity of ethanol extract of Colocasia esculentaleaves in alloxan induced diabetic rats. International Journal of Pharm Tech Research.2 (2), 1246-1249 (2010).
Kim, K. H., Moon, E.,Kim, S. Y.,Lee, K. R. Anti-melanogenic Fatty Acid Derivatives from the Tuber-barksof Colocasia antiquorum var. Esculenta. Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 31(7), 2051 (2010).
Kalariya, M., Parmar, S., Sheth,N. Neuro pharmacological activity of hydroalcoholic extract of leaves of Colocasia esculenta. Pharmaceutical Biology.48 (11), 1207-1212 (2010).
Eddy, N. O. Inhibitive and adsorption properties of ethanol extract of Colocasia esculenta leaves for the corrosion of mild steel in H2SO4. International Journal of Physical Sciences.4 (4), 165-171 (2009).
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186