Comparative Effects of Exercise on Selected Cardiorespiratory Parameters among Young Adults from Different Ethnic Groups Resident in Nigeria
American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 123-127
Received: Oct. 10, 2014;
Accepted: Nov. 1, 2014;
Published: Nov. 10, 2014
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Alese Ojo Oluwole, Department of Family Medicine, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
Adeosun Olukayode Isaac, Department of Physiological Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Johnson Esther Olubusola, Department of Medical Rehabilitation, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Olukiran Sesan Olaoluwa, Department of Physiological Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Alese Margaret Olutayo, Department of Anatomy, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
This study investigated the differences or similarities in the baseline and post exercise cardiorespiratory parameters between young male adults of Igbo and Yoruba. A total of two hundred apparently healthy subjects (100 Yorubas and 100 Igbos) were involved in the study. Subjects were undergraduates who were within the age of 18-30 years. The subjects were asked to sit down for 3 mins and resting cardiorespiratory parameters (pulse rate, blood pressure, forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 sec and peak expiratory flow rate) were obtained with the sphygmomanometer and spirometer accordingly. They were then subjected to 3mins of exercise on a step bench while the metronome was set at 88 and 96 beats per minutes. The results showed a significant decrease in pre exercise pulse rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure of Igbo when compared with Yoruba, but there was no significant differences in post exercise systolic and diastolic blood pressure of Igbo when compared with Yoruba. A significant increase in pre and post exercise forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), and VO2 max was observed in Igbo when compared with Yoruba. The study concluded that there were differences in some cardiorespiratory parameters among male participants of both ethnic groups (Igbo and Yoruba) before and after exercise. The reported data may be useful in interpreting more accurately the significance of increase or decrease in cardiorespiratory response before and after exercise in a subject of a specific ethnic group.
Alese Ojo Oluwole,
Adeosun Olukayode Isaac,
Johnson Esther Olubusola,
Olukiran Sesan Olaoluwa,
Alese Margaret Olutayo,
Comparative Effects of Exercise on Selected Cardiorespiratory Parameters among Young Adults from Different Ethnic Groups Resident in Nigeria, American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine.
Vol. 2, No. 6,
2014, pp. 123-127.
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