Comparative Effects of Exercise on Selected Cardiorespiratory Parameters among Young Adults from Different Ethnic Groups Resident in Nigeria
American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 123-127
Received: Oct. 10, 2014; Accepted: Nov. 1, 2014; Published: Nov. 10, 2014
Views 2900      Downloads 193
Alese Ojo Oluwole, Department of Family Medicine, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
Adeosun Olukayode Isaac, Department of Physiological Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Johnson Esther Olubusola, Department of Medical Rehabilitation, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Olukiran Sesan Olaoluwa, Department of Physiological Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Alese Margaret Olutayo, Department of Anatomy, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
This study investigated the differences or similarities in the baseline and post exercise cardiorespiratory parameters between young male adults of Igbo and Yoruba. A total of two hundred apparently healthy subjects (100 Yorubas and 100 Igbos) were involved in the study. Subjects were undergraduates who were within the age of 18-30 years. The subjects were asked to sit down for 3 mins and resting cardiorespiratory parameters (pulse rate, blood pressure, forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 sec and peak expiratory flow rate) were obtained with the sphygmomanometer and spirometer accordingly. They were then subjected to 3mins of exercise on a step bench while the metronome was set at 88 and 96 beats per minutes. The results showed a significant decrease in pre exercise pulse rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure of Igbo when compared with Yoruba, but there was no significant differences in post exercise systolic and diastolic blood pressure of Igbo when compared with Yoruba. A significant increase in pre and post exercise forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), and VO2 max was observed in Igbo when compared with Yoruba. The study concluded that there were differences in some cardiorespiratory parameters among male participants of both ethnic groups (Igbo and Yoruba) before and after exercise. The reported data may be useful in interpreting more accurately the significance of increase or decrease in cardiorespiratory response before and after exercise in a subject of a specific ethnic group.
Exercise, Cardiorespiratory, Adults, Ethnic, Groups
To cite this article
Alese Ojo Oluwole, Adeosun Olukayode Isaac, Johnson Esther Olubusola, Olukiran Sesan Olaoluwa, Alese Margaret Olutayo, Comparative Effects of Exercise on Selected Cardiorespiratory Parameters among Young Adults from Different Ethnic Groups Resident in Nigeria, American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2014, pp. 123-127. doi: 10.11648/j.ajcem.20140206.12
G. De Backer, E. Ambrosioni, K. Borch-Johnsen, C. Brotons, R. Cifkova, J. Dallongeville J, S. Ebrahim, O. Faergeman, I. Graham, G. Mancia, V. Manger Cats, K. Orth-Gomér, J.Perk , K. Pyörälä , JL. Rodicio , S. Sans, V. Sansoy, U. Sechtem, S. Silber, T. Thomsen, and D. Wood. European Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice. Third Joint Task Force of European and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice. European Heart Journal, 24(17): 1601-10, 2003.
A.S. Leon, B.A. Franklin, F. Costa, et al. Cardiac rehabilitation and secondary prevention of coronary artery disease. Circulation, 111:369-76, 2005.
M. Naomi, M.D. Hamburg, J. Gary, M.D. Balady. Exercise rehabilitation in peripheral artery disease. Circulation, 123: 87-97, 2011.
D.J. Sieminski and A.W. Gardner. The relationship between free-living daily physical activity and the severity of peripheral arterial occlusive disease. Vascular Medicine, 2(4):286-91, 1997.
A.W. Gardner and R.J. Clancy. The relationship between ankle-brachial index and leisure-time physical activity in patients with intermittent claudication. Angiology 57(5): 539-45, 2006.
A.W. Gardner, C.J. Womack, D.J. Sieminski, P.S. Montgomery, L.A. Killewich, and Fonong T. Relationship between free-living daily physical activity and ambulatory measures in older claudicants. Angiology 49(5):327-37, 1998.
A.W. Gardner, P.S. Montgomery, and L.A. Killewich. Natural history of physical function in older men with intermittent claudication. Journal of Vascular Surgery. 40(1):73-8, 2004.
National Institute on Aging. Global Health and Aging. World Health Organization. 11 (7737); 1-28, 2011.
A.R. Folsom, D.K. Arnett, R.G. Hutchinson, F. Liao, L..X. Clegg, and L.S. Cooper. Physical activity and incidence of coronary heart disease in middle-aged women and men. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 29(7): 901-9, 1997.
H, Noda, H, Iso, H, Toyoshima, C, Date, A, Yamamoto, S, Kikuchi, A, Koizumi, T, Kondo, Y, Watanabe, and Y, Wada. Walking and sports participation and mortality from coronary heart disease and stroke. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 46(9):1761-7, 2005.
A.A, Hakim, H, Petrovitch, C.M, Burchfiel, G.W. Ross, B.L.. Rodriguez, L.R. White, K. Yano, J.D.Curb, and R.D. Abbott (1998). Effects of walking on mortality among nonsmoking retired men. New England Journal of Medicine. 338(2): 94-9, 1998.
T.H. Lam, S.Y. Ho, A.J. Hedley, K.H. Mak, G.M. Leung. Leisure time physical activity and mortality in Hong Kong: case-control study of all adult deaths in 1998. Annals of Epidemiology. 14(6):391-8, 2004.
American Thoracic Society (Statement). Standardization of spirometry, Update. American Thoracic Society." American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 152 (3): 1107-36, 1994.
J.A. Laukkanen, S. Kurl , R. Salonen, T.A Lakka, R. Rauramaa, and J.T. Salonen. Systolic blood pressure during recovery from exercise and the risk of acute myocardial infarction in middle aged men. Hypertension, 44:820-825, 2004.
W.F. Ganong . Review of Medical Physiology. 23rd ed. Mc Graw Hill, New York, pp 656, 2010.
T.C. Fitpro. Blood pressure and exercise. American fitness Professionals and Associates 1998; Retrieved on 28 November, 2006 from - and - newsletter.
H.V. Huikuri, S.M. Pikkujamsa , K. E. Airaksinen, M.J. Ikaheimo, A.O. Rantala, and, H. Kaum, et al. Sex related differences in autonomic modulation of heart rate in middle-aged subjects. Circulation, 94:122-125, 1996.
G.D. Curfman and L.D. Hillis. A new look at cardiac exercise testing. N Engl J Med 348: 775-776, 2003.
M. Javorka, I. Zila, T. Balharek, K. Javorka. Heart rate recovery after exercise; relations to heart rate variability and complexity. Braz J Med Biol Res, 35:991-1000, 2002.
N. Du, S. Bai, K. Oguri ,Y. Kato, I. Matsumoto, and H. Kawase, et al. Heart rate recovery after exercise and neural regulation of heart rate variability in 30-40 years old female marathon runners. J Sports Sci Med, 4:9-17, 2005.
E.M Dlugosz, M.A. Chappell, T.H. Meek, P. Szafranska, K. Zub, M. Konarzewski, J.H. Jones, J.E.P.W. Bicudo, V. Careau, Garland Jr. Phylogenetic analysis of mammalian maximal oxygen consumption during exercise. Journal of Experimental Biology 216:4712-4721, 2013.
P. Coetzer, T.D. Noakes, B. Sanders, M.I. Lambert, et al. Superior fatigue resistance of elite black South African distance runners. Journal of Applied Physiology, 75, 1822-1827, 1993.
J.L. Andreacci, R.J. Robertson, J.J. Dube, D.J. Aaron, C..B. Dixon, and S. A. Arslanian. Comparison of maximal oxygen consumption between obese black and white adolescents. Pediatric Research. 58(3): 478-2, 2005.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186