Importance of Free Medical Camps in Exposing Rural Communities' Dental Health Issues and Mitigating Morbidity Associated with Dental Caries
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2015, Pages: 790-796
Received: Aug. 13, 2015; Accepted: Oct. 4, 2015; Published: Oct. 19, 2015
Views 5030      Downloads 140
Misigo Dennis Mwala, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Kenya Methodist University, Meru, Kenya
Mwongera Moses Kimathi, Department of Clinical Medicine, Surgery and Community Health, Kenya Methodist University, Meru, Kenya
Article Tools
Follow on us
Background: The study was conducted at IL-polei in Laikipia North, Kenya. The study aimed at determining the susceptibility to dental caries and oral health status, targeting children and teenagers between the ages of 3-17 years old attending a medical camp in the month of September in 2014. The study was designed as a community based cross-sectional descriptive study where questionnaires were administered to children, the guardians and parents of the children attending the dental section of the medical camp. The clean and verified data was then entered into an Excel computer database and later transferred into SPSS for analysis. Results: A total of 256 children and teenagers were interviewed, medically examined and saliva samples were successful transported to microbiology lab in KeMU. As observed none had a routine visits to a dentist and the practices related to oral hygiene were not satisfactory. The prevalence of dental caries gradually increased with age and those who were highly susceptible to dental caries were teenagers older than 12 years of age (71.9%). Males had a clinically higher prevalence of caries (75%) than females. Also noted was that an ancient practice of using stick brushes is still the preferred method of choice for cleaning teeth (75.6%). The physical observation of decayed teeth was collaborated by the laboratory findings. Oral health personnel were absent in the rural clinics and dispensaries and hence played no major role (2.4%) in educating the community on dental hygiene. Conclusion: we need to strengthen community based dental care services for children and teenagers in IL-Polei and other rural centres with similar characteristics. The study has demonstrated that oral health problems are still predominant in the rural areas where dental services are neglected. In addition, medical camp organisers should also add onto their list of the services, items and activities that will encourage the implementation of good oral health practices because such activities can help in elimination of potential oral health issues before they become a problem and cause future suffering in children.
Medical Camp, IL - Polei, Oral Health Status
To cite this article
Misigo Dennis Mwala, Mwongera Moses Kimathi, Importance of Free Medical Camps in Exposing Rural Communities' Dental Health Issues and Mitigating Morbidity Associated with Dental Caries, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 790-796. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20150305.38
Almas, A. K. and K. Almas, Miswak (Salvadora persica chewing stick): the natural toothbrush revisited. Odontostomatol Trop, 2014. 37(145): p. 27-39.
Forssten, S. D., M. Bjorklund, and A. C. Ouwehand, Streptococcus mutans, caries and simulation models. Nutrients, 2010. 2(3): p. 290-8.
Forrai, J., Dental aspects of general symptoms in the 18th century. Orv Hetil, 2009. 150(21): p. 979-83.
Kenney, M. K., M. D. Kogan, and J. J. Crall, Parental perceptions of dental/oral health among children with and without special health care needs. Ambul Pediatr, 2008. 8(5): p. 312-20.
Kaimenyi, J. T., Oral health in Kenya. Int Dent J, 2004. 54(6 Suppl 1): p. 378-82.
Bagramian, R. A., F. Garcia-Godoy, and A. R. Volpe, The global increase in dental caries. A pending public health crisis. Am J Dent, 2009. 22(1): p. 3-8.
Ngakinya, N. M., et al., Periodontal health status of patients attending Diabetic Clinic at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya. Indian J Dent Res, 1997. 8(4): p. 105-10.
Ngatia, E. M., et al., Nutritional and oral health status of an elderly population in Nairobi. East Afr Med J, 2008. 85(8): p. 378-85.
Kaimenyi, J. T., et al., Oral hygiene habits and dental health awareness of Kenyan children aged 9-15 years in a peri-urban and urban school. East Afr Med J, 1993. 70(2): p. 67-70.
Masiga, M. A., Presenting chief complaints and clinical characteristics among patients attending the Department of Paediatric Dentistry Clinic at the University of Nairobi Dental Hospital. East Afr Med J, 2005. 82(12): p. 652-5.
Owino, R. O., et al., Dental caries, gingivitis and the treatment needs among 12-year-olds. East Afr Med J, 2010. 87(1): p. 25-31.
Moynihan, P. and P.E. Petersen, Diet, nutrition and the prevention of dental diseases. Public Health Nutr, 2004. 7(1A): p. 201-26.
Ndung'u, F. L., et al., A comparative study of the efficacy of plaque control by a chewing stick and a tooth brush. East Afr Med J, 1990. 67(12): p. 907-11.
Carl, W. and J. J. Zambon, Dental health of the Rendille and Samburu of the northern frontier district of Kenya. N Y State Dent J, 1993. 59(6): p. 35-9.
Halawany, H. S., A review on miswak (Salvadora persica) and its effect on various aspects of oral health. Saudi Dent J, 2012. 24(2): p. 63-9.
Chandrashekar, B. R., et al., The use of school teachers to promote oral hygiene in some secondary school students at Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India: A short term prospective pilot study. J Family Community Med, 2012. 19(3): p. 184-9.
National Oral Health Policy and Strategic Plan 2002 - 2012 document, June 2000, Kenya.
Buddiga V, Gupta B, Aravind K, Reddy MV, Kumar RN, Ashwin D. The comparison of oral health problems with other health problems in urban school children of 10-14 years: A group screening. J Int Oral Health, 2014. 6(5):p.77-80.
Datta P, Datta PP. Prevalence of Dental Caries among School Children in Sundarban, India. Epidemiol, 2013. 3: p.135.
López-Valverde A , Montero J, Camañas G, Peralta B, Gómez de Diego R . Oral Health Habits in Primary and Secondary School Children. OHDM, 2014.13 (4):p. 1076.
Tamgadge Sandhya, Tamgadge Avinash, Evie Satheesan. Caries Activity Indicators: Guide for Dental Practitioners. International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, 2012. 4(1):p.34-42.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186