Nutritional Status and Hygiene Behavior of Government Primary School Kids in Central Bangladesh
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2015, Pages: 638-642
Received: Jun. 3, 2015; Accepted: Jun. 15, 2015; Published: Jul. 8, 2015
Views 8541      Downloads 261
Authors
Md. Abdul Hakim, Department of Food Technology and Nutritional Science, Faculty of Life Science, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, Tangail, Bangladesh
Md. Jalal Talukder, Department of Food Technology and Nutritional Science, Faculty of Life Science, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, Tangail, Bangladesh
Md. Serajul Islam, Society for Social Service (SSS), SSS Bhaban, Tangail, Bangladesh
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The study was conducted among kids at the campus of Town Government Primary School, Darul Ulum Government Primary School and Jahangir Smrity Seberasrom Government Primary School in Tangail municipality, the hub of the Tangail district and consequently the central body of Bangladesh. From these three schools 60% (n= 45) boys and 40% (n=30) girls were selected for the study by using the simple random sampling method. Results reveal that 80% (n=12), 73.33% (n=11), 86.67% (n=13), 80% (n=12) and 77.33% (n=11) school kids were in underweight at class 1 to class 5 orderly, 20% (n=3) kids were in normal weight at classes 1, 2 and 4 and 13.33% (n=2) and 6.67% (n=1) kids in normal weight at classes 5 and 3. 6.67% (n=1) kids were overweight at classes 2, 3 and 5 and 6.67% (n=1) was obese in class 5. The basic hygiene behaviors of children have significant positive effects on their nutritional status. Almost 100% school kids told that they always washed their hands with shop before and after meal taking and after the use of toilet and 98.67% (n=74) washed their hand coming back home from outside. About 77.78% (n=35), 17.78% (n=8) and 4.44% (n=2) boys brushed their teeth two, one and three times a day respectively while 66.67% (n=20), 20% (n=6) and 13.33% (n=4) girls brushed teeth two, one and three times a day respectively. The study also showed that 97.78% (n=44) boys and 93.33% (n=28) girls used sandal all the day as one of their main hygiene practices.
Keywords
Nutritional Status, Hygiene Behavior and Primary School Kids
To cite this article
Md. Abdul Hakim, Md. Jalal Talukder, Md. Serajul Islam, Nutritional Status and Hygiene Behavior of Government Primary School Kids in Central Bangladesh, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 638-642. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20150305.17
References
[1]
Arifa Islam (2012). Tangail District. In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
[2]
UNICEF (1998) Malnutrition: causes, consequences and solution. The state of the world’s children.
[3]
United Nations International Children’s Education Fund (UNICEF) (2009) Water Sanitation and Hygiene Annual Report. P. 5-19.
[4]
Rahman, A. and Biswas, S.C. (2009). Nutritional status of under-5 children in Bangladesh. South Asian Journal of Population and Health 2(1), pp. 1-11.
[5]
Megabiaw B, and Rahman A. (2013) Prevalence and determinants of chronic malnutrition among under-5 children in Ethiopia. International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition, 2(3), pp. 230-236.
[6]
Rahman, A., Chowdhury, S., and Hossain, D. (2009). Acute malnutrition in Bangladeshi children: levels and determinants. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 21(3), pp. 294-302.
[7]
Rahman, A., Chowdhury, S., Karim, A. and Ahmed, S. (2008). Factors associated with nutritional status of children in Bangladesh: A multivariate analysis. Demography India, 37(1), pp. 95-109.
[8]
Muller O, Krawinkel (2005) Malnutrition and health in developing countries. CMAJ 173 (3): 279-286.
[9]
Rahman, A. and Chowdhury, S. (2007). Determinants of chronic malnutrition among preschool children in Bangladesh, Journal of Biosocial Science, 39(2), pp.161-173.
[10]
Kuddus, A. and Rahman, A. (2015). Affect of Urbanization on Health and Nutrition, International Journal of Statistics and Systems, 10(2), pp. 164-174.
[11]
Ong SG, Liu J, Wong CM, Lam TH, Tam AY, et al. (1991) Studies on the respiratory health of primary school children in urban communities of Hong Kong. Sci Total Environ 106 (1-2): 121-135.
[12]
World Health Organization, Geneva (2008). Water quality interventions to prevent diarrhea: cost and cost-effectiveness.
[13]
Hall A, Bobrow E, Brooker S, Jules M, Nokes K, et al. (2001) Anaemia in school children in eight countries in Africa and Asia. Public Health Nutr 4 (30: 749-756.
[14]
Pollitt E (1999) Early iron deficiency anaemia and later mental retardation. Am J Clin Nutr 69 (1): 4-5.
[15]
Soematri AG, Pollitt E et al. (1985). Iron deficiency anemia and educational achievement. Am J Clin Nutr 42: 1221-28.
[16]
Layrisse M, Roche M. (1964) The relationship between anemia and hookworm infection. Am J Hygiene 79: 279301.
[17]
Mohammad K, Mohammadreza G, Mohammdi Z (2009) Prevalence of Refractive Errors in Primary School Children [7-15 years] of Qazvin City. European Journal of Science and Research 28: 174-185.
[18]
Al-Haddad AM, Hassan HS, Al-Dujaily AA (2006) Distribution of dental caries among primary school children in Al-Mukalla area- Yeamen. Journal of Dent 3: 159-198.
[19]
Rahman, A. and Sapkota, M. (2014), Knowledge on vitamin A rich foods among mothers of preschool children in Nepal: impacts on public health and policy concerns, Science Journal of Public Health, 2(4), pp. 316-322.
[20]
Sing V, West KP (2004) Vitamin a deficiency and Xeropthalmia among school-aged children in Southeastern Asia. Eur J clin Nutr 58 (10): 1342-1349.
[21]
Aswasti S, Clements ACA, Hotez PJ, Hay SI, Tatem AJ, et al. (2006) Intestinal nematode infection and anaemia in developing countries. BMJ 334 (7603): 1065-1066.
[22]
Ng’ang’a PM, Valderhaug J (1991) Oral hygiene practices and periodical health in primary school children in Nairobi, Kenya. Acta Odontol Scand 49 (5): 303-309.
[23]
Lanzi G, Zambino CA, Termine C, palestra M, Ginevra FO, et al. (2004) prevalence of tic disorders among primary school students in the city of Pavia, Italy. Arch Dis child 89 (1): 45-47.
[24]
World Health Organization (2012) Children schools and health; their nutrition and health in Kenya. WHO Global database on child growth and malnutrition (2008). p. 17-20.
[25]
Druck B (2010) The dance of climate change and hidden hunger. The Sight band Life magazine 3: 40-59.
[26]
Kadiyata S, Gillespie S (2004) Rethinking food aid to fight AIDS. International nutrition foundation for United Nations University. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 25 (3)|: 33-41.
[27]
Sally, B., Gormez, A., Rahman, A., and colleagues (2012). Jurisdictional, socioeconomic and gender inequalities in child health and development: Analysis of a national census of 5 year olds in Australia, BMJ Open, 2(5):e001075, pp. 1-15.
[28]
United Nations International children’s Education Fund (UNICEF) (2000) Nutritional assessment in Nairobi, Kenya, p. 1- 12.
[29]
UNICEF (2006) Food and Nutrition bulletin (supplement) 21 (3): 6-17.
[30]
World Food Programme (2013) Overview of Bangladesh.
[31]
FAO (2010) Nutrition and consumer protection: Bangladesh summary.
[32]
Rahman, A. and Kuddus, A. (2014). Effects of some sociological factors on the outbreak of chickenpox disease, JP Journal of Biostatistics, 11 (1), pp. 37-53.
[33]
Kuddus, A. and Rahman, A., Talukder, M.R. and Hoque, A. (2014). A modified SIR model to study on physical behaviour among smallpox infective population in Bangladesh, American Journal of Mathematics and Statistics, 4(5), pp. 231-239.
[34]
Weitzmawqn M. (1987) Excessive school absences. Advances Develop Behav Pediatr 8: 151-78.
[35]
WHO (2002) Better health for poor children.
[36]
Curtis VA, Danquash LO, Aunger RV (2009) Planned, motivated and habitual hygiene behaviour: an eleven country review. Health Educ Res 24 (4): 655-673.
[37]
Rahman, A. and Kuddus, A. (2014). A new model to study on physical behaviour among susceptible infective removal population, Far East Journal of Theoretical Statistics, 46(2), pp. 115-135.
[38]
Adhikary M (2013) Nutritional status among primary school children in a Upazila of Bangladesh. Northern International Medical College Journal 4 (2): 265-268.
[39]
Rahman, A. and Harding, A. (2013). Prevalence of overweight and obesity epidemic in Australia: some causes and consequences, JP Journal of Biostatistics, 10(1), pp. 31-48.
[40]
Rahman, A. and Harding, A. (2010). Some health related issues in Australia and methodologies for estimating small area health related characteristics, Online Working Paper Series: WP-15, NATSEM, University of Canberra, pp. 1-59
[41]
D. Shamsul Haque Mia (March 1999). Education in Tangail. Tangail Forum. Pp. 26-27
[42]
Gupta RK, Bhat A, Khajuria RK, Bhat AM (1997) Health status of primary school children in Jammu. Indian Journal of Preventive and social Medicine 28 (3-4): 90-94.
[43]
Sharif ZM, Bond N (2000) Nutritional status of primary school children from low income households in kuala Lumpur. Malays J Nutr 6 (1): 17-32.
[44]
Hasan MM, Hoque MA, Hossain MA, Mollah AH, et al. (2013) Nutritional status among primary school children of Mymensingh. Mymensingh Med J 22 (2): 267-274.
[45]
Allen AH, Gillespie SR (2001) What Works. A review of the Efficacy and Effectiveness of Nutritional Interventions. United Nations Administrative Committee on Coordination sub-committee on nutrition. Asian Development bank. Page 8-16.
[46]
Sharmin AS (2008) Hygiene promotes teach safe sanitation practices in Bangladesh.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186