Significant Risk Factors for Childhood Malnutrition: Evidence from an Asian Developing Country
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 4, Issue 1-1, January 2016, Pages: 16-27
Received: Oct. 9, 2015; Accepted: Oct. 9, 2015; Published: Oct. 28, 2015
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Azizur Rahman, School of Computing and Mathematics, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, Australia
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Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) is a major health problem in developing countries and it affects the physical growth and logical development of children. Data from the Demographic and Health Survey Bangladesh were used to evaluate the influences of several significant socioeconomic, demographic, health system and community factors on the current status of malnutrition among 5333 under-5 years children. Results reveal that older age, smaller birth size and maternal poor nutritional status were most significant factors for high prevalence of malnutrition which was assessed using three standard anthropometric indicators, such as underweight, stunting and wasting each of two kinds severe and moderate, following the WHO guidelines and cut-off points. The variables that were associated with severe as well as moderate underweight and stunting were father’s poor education, household lower economic condition and division of residence. Mother’s poor education and increased age of household head were associated with severe underweight and stunting. Low media exposure and respiratory sickness had significant effects on severe as well as moderate underweight and wasting. Some factors such as fathers occupation, number of under-5 children, place of delivery, feeding practice of liquids and feeding practice of solid foods were significantly associated with severe underweight, among these factors some had significant effect on severe stunting, or moderate stunting or both, and also significant effect on severe wasting or moderate wasting or both. In addition, measles vaccine had strong positive effect on child nutritional status but higher level of months of breastfeeding had negative effect. The overall underweight stunting and wasting were observed in 47.1%, 44% and 10.4% (respectively among them 12.8%, 17.9% and1.1% were severely underweight, stunting and wasting) of the children respectively. A vast majority of Bangladeshi children (56.5%) were suffered some degree of PEM. Appropriate intervention programs should be formulated to improve socioeconomic and maternal conditions collaborated with vaccination and childcare to reduce the overall malnutrition.
Childhood Malnutrition, Significant Variables, Stunting, Underweight, Wasting
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Azizur Rahman, Significant Risk Factors for Childhood Malnutrition: Evidence from an Asian Developing Country, Science Journal of Public Health. Special Issue: Childhood Malnutrition in Developing Countries. Vol. 4, No. 1-1, 2016, pp. 16-27. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.s.2016040101.14
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