Factors Affecting Health Seeking Behaviors Among Mothers of Under Five Children Attending Primary Health Care Centers, Sudan
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 7, Issue 6, November 2019, Pages: 181-186
Received: Sep. 24, 2019;
Accepted: Oct. 18, 2019;
Published: Oct. 30, 2019
Views 598 Downloads 218
Mahmouda Mohammed Khalil, Health Information and M & E Directorate, Federal Ministry of Health, Khartoum, Sudan
Elfatih Mohamed Malik, Community Medicine Department, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
Nada Mohamed Ali Alnair, Academy of Health Sciences, Federal Ministry of Health, Khartoum, Sudan
Ibrahim Ismail Mohamed Abu, Community Medicine Department, King Abdul-Aziz University, Jedha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Community Medicine Department, Al Fashir University, Al Fashir, Sudan
Follow on us
Children represent the most vulnerable age group in any community. In Sudan they have higher morbidity and mortality rates. Mothers’ health seeking behaviors are major determinants for improving child health and knowledge about the factors influencing such practice is very crucial for designing effective intervention strategies. This studyaimsto study factors affecting health seeking behaviors for illness in under five children among the mothers in Khartoum state, Sudan. It was Across-sectional study usingbothquantitative and qualitative methods, Four hundreds and ninety five (495) mothers of those who visited the vaccination units of 33 public health centers were interviewed. Four focus group discussions were held. Chi-square test and regression analysis were used to determine the association between different factors and health seeking behaviors. The results showed that Eighty percent of mothers (80%) seek health care for their ill children. Of them, 70% went immediately to heath facility after disease occurrence. The person who took the decision of going to health facility (p-value=0.000) and work time for the health facility (p-value=0.001) were found to be significantly associated with mothers’ seeking behavior using bivariate and multivariate analysis. Since the person who took the decision of going to health facility is the most determinant for mothers’ seeking behavior, awareness rising among mothers about the importance of going to health facility immediately after disease occurrence can improve child health outcomes.
Children, Mothers, Health Seeking Behavior, Treatment Seeking, Behavior
To cite this article
Mahmouda Mohammed Khalil,
Elfatih Mohamed Malik,
Nada Mohamed Ali Alnair,
Ibrahim Ismail Mohamed Abu,
Factors Affecting Health Seeking Behaviors Among Mothers of Under Five Children Attending Primary Health Care Centers, Sudan, Science Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 7, No. 6,
2019, pp. 181-186.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ajibade B, Amoo P, Adeleke M, Oyadiran G, Kolade O, Olagunju R. Determinants of mothers health seeking behaviour for their children in a Nigerian teaching hospital. IOSR J Nurs Health Sci. 2013; 1: 9-16.
Sudan health statistical report 2015.
Campbell H, Duke T, Weber M, English M, Carai S, Tamburlini G. Global initiatives for improving hospital care for children: state of the art and future prospects. Pediatrics. 2008; 121 (4): e984-e92.
Sudan Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2014.
Mwenesi HA. Mothers' definition and treatment of childhood malaria on the Kenyan coast. 1994.
Chandwani H, Pandor J. Healthcare-Seeking behaviors of mothers regarding their children in a tribal community of Gujarat, India. Electronic physician. 2015; 7 (1): 990.
Ferdous F, Dil Farzana F, Ahmed S, Das SK, Malek MA, Das J, et al. Mothers’ perception and healthcare seeking behavior of pneumonia children in Rural Bangladesh. ISRN family medicine. 2014; 2014.
Rosenstock IM. Why people use health services. The Milbank Quarterly. 2005; 83 (4).
Webair HH, Bin-Gouth AS. Factors affecting health seeking behavior for common childhood illnesses in Yemen. Patient preference and adherence. 2013; 7: 1129.
Simieneh MM, Mengistu MY, Gelagay AA, Gebeyehu MT. Mothers’ health care seeking behavior and associated factors for common childhood illnesses, Northwest Ethiopia: community based cross-sectional study. BMC health services research. 2019; 19 (1): 59.
Wambui WM, Kimani S, Odhiambo E. Determinants of Health Seeking Behavior among Caregivers of Infants Admitted with Acute Childhood Illnesses at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya. International journal of pediatrics. 2018; 2018.
Shaikh BT, Hatcher J. Health seeking behaviour and health service utilization in Pakistan: challenging the policy makers. Journal of public health. 2004; 27 (1): 49-54.
Stekelenburg J, Jager BE, Kolk PR, Westen EH, van der Kwaak A, Wolffers IN. Health care seeking behaviour and utilisation of traditional healers in Kalabo, Zambia. Health policy. 2005; 71 (1): 67-81.
Sakisaka K, Jimba M, Hanada K. Changing poor mothers' care-seeking behaviors in response to childhood illness: findings from a cross-sectional study in Granada, Nicaragua. BMC international health and human rights. 2010; 10 (1): 10.
Taffa N, Chepngeno G. Determinants of health care seeking for childhood illnesses in Nairobi slums. Tropical Medicine & International Health. 2005; 10 (3): 240-5.
Wardlaw TM, Johansson EW, Hodge MJ. Pneumonia: the forgotten killer of children: UNICEF; 2006.
Shrestha P. Health Seeking Behavior among Mothers of Sick Children. Journal of Nepal Health Research Council. 2015.