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Seroprevalence of HIV Infection and Associated Factors Among Newly Incarcerated Prisoners in Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 5, Issue 5, September 2017, Pages: 377-382
Received: Jun. 28, 2017; Accepted: Jul. 13, 2017; Published: Aug. 7, 2017
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Authors
Aké-Tano Sassor Odile Purifine, National Institute of Public Health, Abidjan, Ivory Coast; Public Health and Biostatistics Department, Training and Research Unit of Medical School, University Félix Houphouet Boigny, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Konan Yao Eugène, National Institute of Public Health, Abidjan, Ivory Coast; Public Health and Biostatistics Department, Training and Research Unit of Medical School, University Félix Houphouet Boigny, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Kpebo Djoukou Olga Denise, National Institute of Public Health, Abidjan, Ivory Coast; Public Health and Biostatistics Department, Training and Research Unit of Medical School, University Félix Houphouet Boigny, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Tetchi Ekissi Orsot, National Institute of Public Health, Abidjan, Ivory Coast; Public Health and Biostatistics Department, Training and Research Unit of Medical School, University Félix Houphouet Boigny, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Douba Alfred, National Institute of Public Health, Abidjan, Ivory Coast; National Institute of Public Hygiene, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Sablé Stéphane Parfait, National Institute of Public Health, Abidjan, Ivory Coast; Public Health and Biostatistics Department, Training and Research Unit of Medical School, University Félix Houphouet Boigny, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Ekou Franck Kokora, National Institute of Public Health, Abidjan, Ivory Coast; Public Health and Biostatistics Department, Training and Research Unit of Medical School, University Félix Houphouet Boigny, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Kouassi Ange Boris, National Institute of Public Health, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Dagnan N’Cho Simplice, National Institute of Public Health, Abidjan, Ivory Coast; National Institute of Public Hygiene, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
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Abstract
Poor socio-economic condition of prisoners and practices at risk of getting transmissible diseases in most prisons contribute to the spread of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection. The objectives of this study were to determine HIV seroprevalence among newly incarcerated persons, to describe their risk behaviors, and to identify factors associated with HIV infection. We conducted a cross-sectional study from January 2014 to February 2014 at the biggest prison of Abidjan called “House of Judgement and Correction of Abidjan” (HJCA). Study population included newly incarcerated persons aged more than 18 years. Overall, 370 people were included after an informed consent. Findings showed that 13% of inmates used drug; 8.3% of them using injectable drugs. The vast majority of respondents (97.3%) experienced sexual intercourse and 31.9% had multiple sexual partners. More than half (50.6%) of respondents did not use condom, and among those who use it, 73.6% used it irregularly. During their last sexual intercourse, 71.8% of respondents did not use condom. Overall, 7.9% of respondents were HIV positive. Factors associated with HIV positive status were history of herpes zoster (adj. OR=16.66, 95% CI: 2.66-104.08, p=0.003), history of STIs (adj. OR=8.82, 95% CI: 3.25-23.95, p<0.001), history of tuberculosis (adj. OR=6.49, 95% CI: 1.06-39.79, p=0.043), and having had more than one sexual partner over the last 12 months (adj. OR=8.11, 95% CI: 1.75-37.51, p=0.007). Promoting safer behaviors, routine HIV screening among prisoners, care for HIV-positive people, and improved living conditions in prisons are needed measures to control HIV / AIDS in prison environment in Ivory Coast.
Keywords
Prison Environment, HIV/AIDS, Associated Factors, Ivory Coast
To cite this article
Aké-Tano Sassor Odile Purifine, Konan Yao Eugène, Kpebo Djoukou Olga Denise, Tetchi Ekissi Orsot, Douba Alfred, Sablé Stéphane Parfait, Ekou Franck Kokora, Kouassi Ange Boris, Dagnan N’Cho Simplice, Seroprevalence of HIV Infection and Associated Factors Among Newly Incarcerated Prisoners in Abidjan, Ivory Coast, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2017, pp. 377-382. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20170505.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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