Dementia and the Gap in Nutrition: A Review
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2015, Pages: 761-769
Received: Jul. 30, 2015; Accepted: Aug. 13, 2015; Published: Aug. 27, 2015
Views 6231      Downloads 202
Authors
Amujo A. R., Department of Nursing, Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria
Akpor O. A., Department of Nursing, Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Dementia is a disease that is common among elderly all over the world and has shown increase trend based on the WHO estimate. Nutritional status of patients with dementia is greatly affected because dementia patients in the late stage have problem with feeding, swallowing, and there is always increase risk of malnutrition. Malnutrition in dementia patient result in compromised immune system, impaired wound-healing, increased risk of hospitalisation and increase rate of death. Feeding difficulties and malnutrition is one of the complications associated with advanced dementia in elderly and it needs urgent attention so as to prevent other problems such as dehydration and infection. Nurses are responsible for bridging the gap in nutrition both in hospital settings and in home care so, adequate understanding and intervention of the problem is required. Nurses should design a way of helping these patients to feed well and also train other health assistants to do so. The objective of the paper is to review different ways of helping dementia patients to bridge the gap in nutrition and how malnutrition can be detected early in dementia patients.
Keywords
Dementia, Nutrition, Nurses, Intervention
To cite this article
Amujo A. R., Akpor O. A., Dementia and the Gap in Nutrition: A Review, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 761-769. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20150305.34
References
[1]
World Health Organisation (WHO) (2012). Dementia: a public health priority. www.who.int/mental.health/publications/dementia_report.2012/en. (Accessed: 28 March, 2013).
[2]
Alzheimer Society (2012).Dementia. www.alzheimers.org.uk/factsheet/511? (Accessed: 11 April, 2013).
[3]
Cook, M., Cook, G. and Hutchinson, F. (2012). ‘How to use web-based information to support people with dementia’. Nursing older people, 24(9): 15-20.
[4]
Hoe, J. and Thompson, R. (2010). ‘Promoting positive approaches to dementia care in nursing’. Nursing Standard, 25(4): 47-56.
[5]
Roberts, D. and Gaspard, G. (2012).’ A palliative approach to care of residents with dementia.’ Nursing older people, 25(2): 32-36.
[6]
Ervin, K. and Koschel, A. (2012). ‘Dementia care mapping as a tool for person centred care’. Australian Nursing Journal, 19(10): 32-35.
[7]
Dunne, A. (2010). ‘Nutrition and dementia’. Journal of Nursing and Residential Care, 12(3):. 112-116.
[8]
National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (2011). Dementia. www.nice.org.uk/newsroom/guidanceinfocus/dementia.jsp. (Accessed: 28 March, 2013).
[9]
Page, S. (2011). ‘Understanding dementia, the medication and new guidelines’. Journal of Nursing and Residential Care, 13(3): 117-120.
[10]
Smith, A. (2011). ‘A brief overview of dietetic issues for people with late stage dementia’. Nutrition, S6-S12.
[11]
McNamara, E.P. and Kennedy, N.P. (2001). ‘Tube feeding patient with advanced dementia: an ethical dilemma’. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 60: 179-185. Murphy, K. (2011). ‘Working together to tackle malnutrition: a report from the patient’s association’. Nutrition, S12- S17.
[12]
Cole, D. (2012). ‘Optimising nutrition for older people with dementia’. Nursing Standard, 26(20): 41-48.
[13]
Palacek, E., Teno, J. and Casarrett, D. (2010). ‘Comfort feeding only: a proposal to bring clarity to decision-making regarding difficulty with eating for person with advanced dementia’. Journal of the American Geriatric Society, 58(3): 580-584.
[14]
Chang, C. and Robert, B.L. (2008). ‘Cultural perspective in feeding difficulty in Taiwanese elderly with dementia’. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 40(3): 235-240.
[15]
Alzheimer Society (2013). Eating and drinking. www.alzheimers.org.uk/factsheet/511? (Accessed: 11 April, 2013).
[16]
Shagam, J. Y. (2009). ‘The many faces of dementia’. Radiologic Technology, 81(2): 153-168.
[17]
Nazarko, L. (2011). ‘Understanding dementia: diagnosis and development’. British Journal of Healthcare Assistant, 5(5): 216-220.
[18]
Price, R. S. and Keady, J. (2010). ‘Systematic review: role of health promotion in vascular dementia’. Journal of Nursing and Healthcare of Chronic Illness, 2(2): 88-101.
[19]
Stacpole, M. (2011). ‘Caring for people with vascular dementia’. Journal of Nursing and Residential Care, 13(5): 228-230.
[20]
Zekry, D. and Gold, G. (2010). ‘Management of mixed dementia’. Drugs Aging 27 (9), pp. 715-728.
[21]
Breteler, M.(2002).’ Vascular risk factors for Alzheimer disease: an epidermiologic perspective’. Neurobiology of Aging, 21: 153-160.
[22]
Zerky, D., Hauw, J. and Gold, G. (2002).’ Mixed dementia: epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment’. American Geriatrics Society, 50: 1431-1438.
[23]
Ballard, C., Kahn, Z. and Corbett, A. (2011).’ Treatment of dementia with Lewy bodies and parkison’s disease dementia’. Drugs Aging, 28(10): 769-777.
[24]
Aarsland, D. and Cummings, J.L. (2004). ‘Psychiatric aspects of parkinson’s disease, parkinson’s disease with dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies’. Journal of Geriatory Psychiatry Neurology, 17: 164-171.
[25]
Screenath, S. and Barber, R. (2009).’ Dementia with Lewy bodies’. The AvMA Medical and Legal Journal, 15(3): 115-119.
[26]
Playfer, J. (2007). ‘Dementia with Lewy bodies’. Journal of Geriatic medicine, 37 (10), pp. 25-29.
[27]
Bliwis, D. L., Mergaldo, N.D., Avidan, A.Y., Boever, B.F., Greer, S.A. and Kukull, W.A. (2011). ‘Sleep disturbance in dementia with Lewy bodies and Alzheimer’s disease dementia and Geriatric cognitive disorder’. Advanced Nursing Journal, 31(3): 239-246.
[28]
Lingler, J. H. and Kaufer, D.I. (2002). ‘Cognitive and motor symptoms in dementia: focus on dementia with Lewy bodies’. Continuing Education, 14(9): 398-404.
[29]
Barner, I. (2009). ‘Dementia care challenges’ . Canadian Nursing Home, 20(4): 12-13.
[30]
Rabinovici, G. D. and Miller B.L. (2010). ‘Frontotemporal lobar degeneration: epidermiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management’. CNS Drugs 24(5): 375-398.
[31]
Cycyk, L. M. and Wright, H.H.(2008). ‘Frontotemporal dementia: its definition, differential diagnosis and management’. Aphasiology, 22(4): 422-444. Dibartolo, M.C. (2006).’ Careful hand feeding: a resonable alternative to PEG tube placement in individuals with dementia’. Journal of Genontological Nursing, pp. 25-35.
[32]
Chan, D. K., Reulens, S, Liu, D.K. and Chan, R.O. (2011). ‘Frontotemporal dementia- features diagnosis and management’. Australian Family Physical, 40(12): 968-972.
[33]
Salzbrener, S., Brown, J., Harl, G., Dertlmer, J., Williams, R., Ormeno, M. and O’neal, E. (2009).’ Frontotemporal dementia complicated by comorbid borderline personality disorder: a case study’.
[34]
Baloyannis, S. J., Mauroudis, I., Manolides, S.L. and Manolides L.S. (2011). ‘The Acoustic cortex in frontotemporal dementia: A golgi and electron microscope study’. Acta Oto-laryngological, 131: 359-361.
[35]
Yeaworth, R. C. and Burke, W. J. (2000). ‘Frontotemporal dementia: A different kind of dementia’. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 14, pp.249-253.
[36]
Farmer, J. and Grossman, M. (2005). ‘Frontotemporal dementia: an overview’. Alzheimer’s Care Quarterly, 6(3): 225-232.
[37]
Gout, B. S, Barker, L.A. and Crowe, T.C. (2009). ‘Malnutrition identification, diagnosis and dietetic referrals: are we doing a good enough job?’ Journal of Nutrition and Dietitics, 66: 206-211.
[38]
Rist, G., Miles, G. and Karimi, L. (2012). ‘The presence of malnutrition in community-living older adults reserving home nursing services’. Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics, 69: 46-50.
[39]
Chang, C. and Roberts, B.L.(2011). ‘Malnutrition and feeding difficulty in Taiwaness older with dementia’. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20: 2153-2161.
[40]
Visvanathan, R. (2009). ‘Undernutrition and housebound older people’. Nutrition and Dietetics, 66: 238-242.
[41]
Isaia, G., Bo, M., Ricauda, N., Isaia, C.G., Greppi, F. and Massaia, M. (2011). ‘Malnutrition in patient with dementia’. Journal of American Geriatrics Society, 59(4): 774- 775.
[42]
Kaiser, M.J., Baeurer, J.M. and Ramsch, C. (2010).’ Frequency of malnutrition in older adults: A multinational perspective using the mini nutritional assessment’. Journal of American Geriatric Society, 58: 1734- 1738.
[43]
British Geriatrics Society (2012). Dysphagia. www.bgs.org.uk/index.php/topresource/publicationfind/goodpractice/2328-bpgdysphagia. (Accessed: 4 April, 2013).
[44]
Shepherd, A. (2010). ‘The hand in hand nature of nutrition and cognitive decline’. Journal of Nursing and Residential Care, 12(8): 370-377.
[45]
Boczko, F. (2004). ‘Managing dsyphagia in dementia: a timed snack protocol’. Feature article, pp. 64-67.
[46]
Chen, C.C.H (2005). ‘A framework for studying the nutritional health of community-dwelling elders’. Nursing Research, 54(11): 13-27.
[47]
Holmes, S (2008).’ Nutrition and eating difficulties in hospitalised older adults’. Nursing standard, 22(26): 47-57.
[48]
Cleary, S. (2009).’ Using environmental interventions to facilitate eating and swallowing in residents with dementia’. Canadian Nursing Home, 20(2): 5-12.
[49]
Parker, M. and Power, D. (2013).’ Management of swallowing disorder in dementia’. Nursing Older People, 25: 26-31.
[50]
Cleary, S. (2007).’ Current approaches to managing feeding and swallowing disorder for residents with dementia’. Canadian Nursing Home, 18(1): 11-16.
[51]
Hudson, H. M., Daubert, C.R. and Mill R.H (2000).’ The interdependency of protein-energy malnutrition, aging and dysphagia’. Dysphagia, 15: 31-38.
[52]
Easterling, C. N. and Robbins, C. (2008).’ Dementia and dysphagia’. Geriatric Nursing 29(4): 275-285.
[53]
Gillick and Mitchell (2002). ‘Facing eating difficulties in end stage dementia’. Alzheimer’s care quarterly, pp. 227-232.
[54]
Candy, B., Sampson, E.L. and Jones, L. (2009).’ Enteral tube feeding in older people with advanced dementia: findings from a cochrance systematic review’. International Journal of Palliative Nursing, 15(8): 396-404.
[55]
Kindell, J. (2002). Feeding and Swallowing disorder in dementia. Oxford : Specchmark publishing.
[56]
Ney, D. M., Weiss, J.M., Kind A.J and Robbins, J. (2009). ‘Senescent swallowing: impact strategies and intervention’. Nutrition Clinical Practice, 24: 395-413.
[57]
Kyle, G. (2011). ‘Managing dysphagia in older people with dementia’. British Journal of Community Nursing, 16(1): 6-10.
[58]
Murray, J., Milich, A. and Ormerod, D. (2011). ‘Screening for dysphagia’. Australian Nursing Journal, 18(11): 44-46.
[59]
Field, L. and Smith, B. (2008). Nursing care: an essential guide. Essex: Pearson Education Ltd.
[60]
Logemann, J. A. (2003). ‘Dysphagia and dementia: the challenge of dual diagnosis’. ASHA LEADER, 8(3): 14-15.
[61]
Ashford, J. McCabe, D., Wheeler-Hahland, K., Frymark, J., Mullen, R., Musson, N., Schooling, T. and Hamond, C.S. (2009). ‘Evidence- based systematic review: oropharyngeal dysphagia behavioural treatments. Part 3- impart of dysphagia treatments on population with neurological disorder’. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 462: 195-204.
[62]
Durgude, Y. and Cocks, N. (2011). ‘Nurses’ knowledge of provision of oral care for patient with dysphagia’. British Journal of Community Nursing, 16(12): 604-610
[63]
Ball, S.L., Panter, S.G., Redley, M., Procter, C.A., Byrne, K., Clare, I.C.H. and Holland, A.J. (2012). ‘The extent and nature of need for mealtime support among adults with intellectual disabilities’. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 56(4): 382-401.
[64]
Pivi, G.A.K., Bertolucci, P.H.F. and Schultz, R.R. (2012). Nutrition in severe dementia. Current Genotology and Geriatric Research. http://www.jourlib.org/paper/35350#.VaqKxflViko (Accessed: 4 April, 2013)
[65]
Bauer, J.M., Kaiser, M.J., Anthony, P., Guigoz, Y. and Sieber, C.C. (2008). ‘The mini nutritional assessment- its history, today’s practice and future perspectives’. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 23(4): 388-396.
[66]
Smith, C.(2012). Nutrition assessment tools for the elderly. www.ehow.co.uk/info_7830357_nutrition_assessment-tools-elderly.html (Accessed: 4 April, 2013).
[67]
Callen, B. (2004). Understanding nutritional health in older adults. a pilot study. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 30(1): 36-43.
[68]
Stockdel,l R. and Amella, E.J. (2008). ‘How to try this: the Edinburgh feeding evaluation in dementia scale: determining how much help people with dementia need at mealtime’. American Journal of Nursing, 108(8): 46-54.
[69]
Biscardi M.(2011). Nutritional screening and assessment tool. www.livestrong.com (Accessed: 4 April, 2013).
[70]
Watson, R. (2003). ‘Learning from the carer’s experience: helping older people with dementia’. Nursing Older People, 14(3): 21-26.
[71]
Cleary, S., Hopper, T., Forseth, M. and Vansoest, D. (2006). ‘Dementia care/ Nutrition/ Food service’. Canadian Nursing Home, 19(3): 3-10.
[72]
Keller, H.H., Gibb, A.J., Boudreau, L.D., Goy R.E., Pottilo, M.S. and Brown, H.M. (2003). ‘Prevention of weight loss in dementia with comprehensive nutritional treatment’. American Geriatrics Society, 51: 945-951.
[73]
Jordan, M. (2006). ‘Improving nutritional care in older people’. Journal of Nursing and Residential Care, 8(12): 552-554.
[74]
Holmes, S. (2011). ‘Importance of nutrition in palliative care of patients with chronic diseases’. Primary Health Care, 21(6): 31-39.
[75]
Lou,M.F., Dai, Y.T., Huang, G.S. and Yu, P.J. (2007).’ Nutritional status and health outcome for older people with dementia living in institutions’. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 60(5): 470-477.
[76]
Dibartolo, M.C. (2006).’ Careful hand feeding: a resonable alternative to PEG tube placement in individuals with dementia’. Journal of Genontological Nursing, pp. 25-35. EBSCOhost CINAHL Plus with Full Text [Online]. Available at: http://0-ejournals.ebsco.com.brum.luton.ac.uk/ (Accessed: 4 April, 2013).
[77]
Best, C. and Summer, J. (2010). ‘Strategies for nutritional care in acute settings’. Nursing Older People, 22(6): 27-31.
[78]
Hines, S., Wilson, J., McCrow, J. and Scare, S.(2010). ‘Oral liquid nutritional supplements for people with dementia in residential aged care facilities: a systematic review’. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 8(1): 1685-1686.
[79]
Buiting, H. M., Clayton, J. M., Butow, P.N., Delden, J.J.M. and Heide, A.V. (2011). Palliative Medicine, 25(1): 83-91.
[80]
Pasman, H. R. W., MeiThe, B. A., Onweteaka-Philipsen, B.D., Vanderwal, G. and Rihhie, M.W. (2003).’ Feeding nursing home patient with severe dementia: a qualitative study’. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 42(3): 304-311.
[81]
Suiminen, M. H., Kivisto, S.M., Pitkala, K.M. and Rasanen, L.(2004).’ Nutrient content of served food, nutrient intake and nutritional status of residents with dementia in Finnish nursing home’. Journal of Nutrition Health Aging, 4: 234-238.
[82]
Suiminen, M. H., Kivisto, S.M. and Pitkala, K.M.(2007). ‘The effects of nutrition education on professionals practice on the nutrition of aged residents in dementia wards’. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 6(1): 1226-1232.
[83]
Chang, C. and Lin, L. (2005). ‘Effects of a feeding skill training programme on nursing assistants and dementia patients’. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 14: 1185-1192.
[84]
Amella, E. J. (2007). ‘Eating and feeding issues in older adults with dementia: part 2: intervention’. Nursing Standard, 16: 58-62.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186