Prediction of Physical Activity among Type-2 Diabetes Patients Attending Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia: Application of Health Belief Model
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 524-531
Received: Oct. 14, 2014; Accepted: Oct. 29, 2014; Published: Oct. 30, 2014
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Authors
Abraham Tamirat, Mizan Aman General Hospital, Mizan Teferi, Ethiopia
Lakew Abebe, Department of Health Education and Behavioral Science, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Getachew Kirose, Department of Health Education and Behavioral Science, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Background: Physical activity is one of the most important fac¬tors for creating, maintaining and improving health of diabetes patients. It plays a key role in the management of type-2 diabetes control. Therefore the aim of this study was to investigate predictor of physical activity among type-2 diabetes patients based on Health Belief Model. Methods: from a total 1237 follow up diabetes mellitus type-2 patients, Facility based cross-sectional study was conducted among 322 of them at Jimma University Specialized Hospital in 2013 at Jimma University Specialized Hospital from March to Aprill,2013 The sample was taken using systematic random sampling technique. Data was collected using pretested questionnaire. A summery descriptive statistics, binary and multiple logistic regression analysis were computed to assess predictors of physical activity among diabetes mellitus type-2 patients. Result: Majority of the study respondents 225(70.5%) were males and the mean age was 55.3(SD±5.7) years. Majority of them have high perceived susceptibility 242(75.9%) and 260(81%) of the respondent had high perceived severity. Majority of the respondents had less perceived barriers 314(98.4%) and high perceived benefit 301(94.4%) while 154(48.3 %) of the respondents had high perceived self-efficacy. Only 39(11%) followed the recommended physical activity practices on diabetes. Conclusion: Patients with poor knowledge of the recommended physical activity were less likely to practice the recommended physical activity. People who were more educated, middle income had high perceived severity of diabetes; less perceived barriers and high perceived self-efficacy were more likely to engage in the recommended physical activity. To increase the engagement of physical activity, diabetes message should focus on knowledge of the recommended physical activity, severity of diabetes and how to overcome the barriers by building one’s self efficacy to engage in the recommended physical activity by segmenting the audiences based on income and educational status by creating awareness on recommended physical activity to be performed per a week including the time.
Keywords
Predictor, Recommended Physical Activity, Diabetes Mellitus ,Type-2 Diabetes Patients, Health Belief Model, Jimma University Specialized Hospital
To cite this article
Abraham Tamirat, Lakew Abebe, Getachew Kirose, Prediction of Physical Activity among Type-2 Diabetes Patients Attending Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia: Application of Health Belief Model, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2014, pp. 524-531. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20140206.15
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