Prevalence of Parasitism by Anisakis in a Sample of Fish Caught in Coastline of the Golfete of Coro, Venezuela
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 513-515
Received: Aug. 6, 2014; Accepted: Oct. 27, 2014; Published: Oct. 30, 2014
Views 2895      Downloads 212
Hector Bracho Espinoza, Technology Research Center (CITEC), National Experimental University "Francisco de Miranda" Falcon-Venezuela
Article Tools
Follow on us
To evaluate the risk of Anisakiasis in the population, a common zoonotic disease worldwide caused by ingestion of larvae (L3) of the nematode family anisakidae (Anisakis spp, Contracaecum spp, Pseudoterranova spp) present in raw fish or undercooked constitute a health risk that should not be underestimated; fish caught in the area Golfete of Coro, Venezuela Falcòn state. Artisanal trawling shore and depth serve as financial support to numerous fishing villages located along the western coast of the isthmus of dunes, the Peninsula Paraguana where trade in species of different orders of zoological scale marine fauna existing there. A study was conducted to determine the degree of parasitism by anisakidae family, using a non-probability purposive sampling 90 specimens were purchased directly from fishermen, giving prevalence to the lowest economic value, which also are used for family consumption as: mullet (Mugil Mugil curema or incilis), mullet (Mugil liza), crappie (Eugerres plumieri) and catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) among others. They moved to the laboratory for: evisceration, debridement and muscle dissection seeking parasites. Nematodes of the family anisakidae identified in the sample were Contracaecum spp. 97% and pseudoterranova spp. 3%, and those with high degree of infestation were 88.8% and mojarra smooth 80% with parasite loads ranging from seven to nine parasites per specimen, demonstrating a high parasitism.
Family Anisakidae, Fish, Mugil Liza, Mugil Curema
To cite this article
Hector Bracho Espinoza, Prevalence of Parasitism by Anisakis in a Sample of Fish Caught in Coastline of the Golfete of Coro, Venezuela, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2014, pp. 513-515. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20140206.12
Bandes, A.; Selgrad, S.; Rios of S, M.; Hans, M. Nematodes of the family anisakidae fresh fish is sold for human consumption in Caracas, Venezuela. INHRR Rev., 36 (2) :44-71 .2005.
Hochberg, NS.H. Hamer D Anisakidosis perils of the deep. Clin Infect Dis 51: 806-812. 2010.
Lantigua, I. Anisakis, the parasite of fish. Gastric infections. Veterinary Service of the Department of Public Health. Catalonia, Spain. Online: http:www.> home> health> medicine. Mundinteractivos, S.A. 12.12. 2006.
Muñoz, P. pseudoterranovosis. Rev Chil. Infectol. 25 (3): 205-206. 2008.
Myers, BJ The nematodes That causes anisakiasis J. Food Technol. 38 (12): 774-782.1975.
Petit, P.; Guzman, S.; Ramirez, R. Endemic by nematodes (Contracaecum spp) in mullet fish Golfete Coro Venezuela. Edo Falcon. Rev. scientif Act. venez. 42: Suppl. 1,500. 1991.
Rodriguez, M.; Tejada, M.; González, M.; Moneo, I; Solas, M. Methods of extracting and detecting Anisakis antigens in food for human and animal consumption. Higher Council for Scientific Research (CSIC), Foundation for Biomedical Research Hospital Carlos III. Spain. ES Invention Patent 2,340,978 B1. Pp.01-14. 2011.
Solas, M. T.; Moneo, I.; Tejada, M.; Muñoz, M.; Rodriguez, M.; Gonzalez, M; Anisakis antigens detected in fish muscle infected With Simple Gradients Anisakis L3. J.Food Protec. 71: 1273-1276. 2008
Torres, P.; Moya, R; Lamilla, J. Anisakid nematodes interest in public health in fish market in Valdivia, Chile. Arch Med Vet 32: 107-113. 2000.
Yasunga H, Horguichi H, Kuwabara K. hashimoto H, Matsuda S. Clinical features of bowel anisakiasis in japan. Am J Trop Med Hyg 83: 104-106. 2010.
Zuloaga, J.; Arias, J.; Balibrea, J. digestive Anisakiasis. Appearance of interest to the surgeon. Department of Clinical Surgery Hospital. San Carlos, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain. Rev. Cir. Eng. 75 (1) :9-13. 2004.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186