Determinants of Age at First Sexual Intercourse Among Women in Rural Ethiopia
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2019, Pages: 80-85
Received: Apr. 24, 2019; Accepted: Jul. 17, 2019; Published: Dec. 27, 2019
Views 463      Downloads 109
Author
Yihenew Mitiku, Department of Statistics, Assosa University, Assosa, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Age at first sex has important implications for gender relations and the organization of family life for in societies. This study aimed to investigate the determinant factors of age at first sexual intercourse among women in Rural Ethiopia. The 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey was used to explore the determinant factors of age at first sexual intercourse. The study considered 10,417 women aged 15-49 years from nine regions and one city administration. The accelerated failure time models were employed with the help of R statistical package and STATA soft wares. The median time of age at first sexual intercourse was 17 year with 95% CI; (16.90, 17.11). Log-logistic accelerated failure time model was better than weibull and log-normal models based on Akaike’s information criterion and graphical evidence. The result showed that, region, women’s educational level, wealth index and religion were significantly affect timing of first sexual intercourse. Women who had secondary and higher education prolonged time-to-first sexual intercourse by the factor of ф = 1.38 and ф = 1.34. Improving girls and young women access to education is important for rising the women age at first sexual intercourse, which is vital for empowering them and enhancing their participation in any sector.
Keywords
Survival Data Analysis, Acceleration Factor, Time to First Sexual Intercourse
To cite this article
Yihenew Mitiku, Determinants of Age at First Sexual Intercourse Among Women in Rural Ethiopia, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2019, pp. 80-85. doi: 10.11648/j.bmb.20190406.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Bankole A, Malarcher S (2010). Removing barriers to adolescents’ access to contraceptive information and services. Stud Fam Plann; 41 (2): 117-124.
[2]
Blanc, A. K., & Way, A. A. (1998). Sexual behavior and contraceptive knowledge and use among adolescents in developing countries. Studies in Family Planning, 29: 106–111.
[3]
Central Statistical Authority and ORC Macro. (2001). Ethiopia demographic and health survey 2000. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Calverton, Maryland, USA: Central StatisticalAuthority and ORC Macro.
[4]
Central Statistical Agency and ORC Macro. (2006). Ethiopia demographic and health survey 2005. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Calverton, Maryland, USA: Central Statistical Agency and ORC Macro.
[5]
Central Statistical Agency, (2011). Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[6]
Cooper D, Hoffman M, Carrara H, et al (2007). Determinants of sexual activity and its relation to cervical cancer risk among South African Women. BMC Public Health; 7.
[7]
GOLDIN, C. & KATZ, L. F. 2000. The power of the pill: oral contraceptives and women's career and marriage decisions. National Bureau of Economic Research.
[8]
Hallett, T. B., Lewis, J. J., Lopman, B. A., Nyamukapa, C. A., Mushati, P., Wambe, M., Garnett, & Gregson, S. (2007). Age at first sex and HIV infection in ruralZimbabwe. Studies in Family Planning, 38: 1-10.
[9]
Heywood W, Patrick K, Smith AMA, Pitts MK (2015). Associations between early first sexual intercourse and later sexual and reproductive outcomes: a systematic review of population-based data; 44: 531_69.
[10]
KAUFMANN, G. & MEEKERS, D. 1998. The impact of women's socioeconomic position on marriage patterns in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 29, 101-114.
[11]
Melah, G. S., A. A. Massa, U. R. Yahaya, M. Bukar, D. D. Kizaya, and A. U. El-Nafaty. 2007. Risk factors for obstetric fistulae in north-eastern Nigeria. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 27 (8): 819-23.
[12]
Mensch Barbara S., Suchela Singh, and John B. casterline. (2005). Trends in the Timing of First Marriage Among Men and Women in The Developing World. Population council, No. 202.
[13]
MENSCH, B., GRANT, M. & BLANC, A. 2006. The Changing Context of Sexual Initiation in sub-Saharan Africa. Popul Dev Rev, 32, 699-727.
[14]
Mkhwanazi N (2011). Teenage pregnancy and HIV in South Africa. In Schlyter A (Ed) Body politics and women citizens: African experiences (pp. 83-92). Retrieved from http://www.sida.se/Documents/Import/pdf/Sida-Studies-No-24- Body-Politics-and-Women-Citizens. Pdf.
[15]
WAITE LJ 2006. Marriage and family. In: POSTON DL & MICKLIN M (eds.) Handbook of Population. New York: Springer.
[16]
WELLINGS, K., COLLUMBIEN, M., SLAYMAKER, E., SINGH, S., HODGES, Z., PATEL, D. & BAJOS, N. 2006. Sexual behaviour in context: global perspective. The Lancet, 368, 1706-1728.
[17]
Welz T., Hosegood V., Hosegood, V., Jaffar, S., Batzing- Fregenbaum, J. M., Erbst, K. & Newell, M. L. (2007). Continued very high prevalence of HIV infection in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: A populationbased longitudinal study. AIDS, 21: 1467–72.
[18]
ZABA B, BOERMA T, PISANI E & BAPTIESTE N. 2002. Estimation of levels and trends in age at first sex from surveys using survival analysis. Working Papers [Online].
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186