Selected Metal (Fe, Cu and Zn) Levels in Fish and Water at Abaya and Chamo Rift Valley Lakes
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume 4, Issue 2, March 2019, Pages: 17-27
Received: Jan. 18, 2019;
Accepted: May 9, 2019;
Published: Jun. 24, 2019
Views 40 Downloads 14
Dugasa Gerenfes, Department of Agricultural and Nutrition Research Program, Ethiopian Institute of Agriculture Research (EIAR), Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Assela, Ethiopia
Endale Teju, Departments of Chemistry, College of Natural and Computation Science, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia
Tesfahun Kebede, Departments of Chemistry, College of Natural and Computation Science, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia
Samples of fish organs and water were collected from three sampling sites of Lakes Chamo and Abaya. A procedure consuming 12 mL mixture of HNO3-H2O2 for gill, kidney, liver and 1:2.5 mL mixture of HNO3-HCl for water samples for digestion of was developed. Concentrations of three metals in water and their accumulation in Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and Barbus (Labeobarbus intermedius) fish species were determined using Flame Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy. Concentrations of metals in gills, kidney, liver and water varied (mg/kg): Zn 0.061-0.083, 0.047-0.076, 0.070-0.074, 0.011-0.024, respectively; Cu; 0.025-0.031, 0.028-0.043, 0.029-0.044, 0.023-0.092, respectively; Fe 2.934-3.583, 2.735-3.628, 0.809-2.723, 4.756-10.240, respectively. Most of the elements in water samples occurred below detection limit. The highest accumulations of iron (Fe) concentration were observed in liver and gill of Tilapia fish from Chamo Lake. Among the detected metals, zinc (Zn) showed the maximum bioaccumulation factor in both fish species from both lakes, while iron was the least bio accumulated metallic species. Using Pearson correlation, positive correlation was observed for the specific fish organ with water samples. There was no significant difference between the two lakes in accumulating trace metals however lake chamo had higher concentration.
Selected Metal (Fe, Cu and Zn) Levels in Fish and Water at Abaya and Chamo Rift Valley Lakes, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
Vol. 4, No. 2,
2019, pp. 17-27.
Gebremariam, Z. and Pearce, J. G. 2003. Concentrations of heavy metals and related trace elements in some Ethiopian Rift-Valley Lakes and their in-flows Hydrobiological, 429: 171–178.
Guevara-Riba, A., Sahuquillo, A., Rubio R. and Rauret, G. 2004. Assessment of metal mobility in dredged harbour sediments from Barcelona, Spain. Science of the Total Environment, 321: 241-255.
Mwangi, J. M. 2013. Determination of concentration of selected heavy metals inTilapia Fish, Sediments and Water from Mbagathi and Ruiru AthiRiver Tributaries, Kenya. MSc thesis, Kenyatta University, Kenya.
Burger, J., Gaines, K. F., Shane Boring, C., Stephens, W. L., Snodgrass, J. and Dixon, C. 2002. Metal levels in fish from the Savannah River: potential hazards to fish and other receptors. Environmental Research, 89: 85–97.
Nord, L. G., Adams, C. D., Wixson, B. G., Loftin, K. A. and Huang, Y. 2004. Lead, Zinc, Copper and Cadmium in fish and sediments from the big river creek of Missouri’s old lead belt. Environmental Geochemical Health, 26: 37-49.
FAO. 1992. Committee for inland fisheries of Africa. Report of the third session of the working party on pollution and fisheries, Accra, Ghana. FAO Fisheries Report in Rome, 471.
Ababu Teklemariam. 2005. Water quality monitoring in Lake Abaya and Lake Chamo Region: A research based on water resources of the Abaya-Chamo basin-South Ethiopia, PhD. Thesis, Siegen University.
Larissa, D., Mesfin Mengesha and Elias Dadebo. 2011. Assessment of heavy metals in water samples and tissues of edible fish species from Awassa and Koka Rift Valley Lakes, Ethiopia. Journals of Environmental Monitoring Assessment, 2777-2778.
Kiflom Gebremedhin and Tarekegn Berhanu. 2015. Determination of some selected heavy metals in fish and water samples from Hawassa and Ziway Lakes. Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 3 (1): 10-16.
David, A. A. and Terry, P. 2008. Limit of blank, limit of detection and limit of quantitation. Clinical Biochemistry Review, 29: 49-52.
Meseret Amde, Negussie Megersa, Abi Taddesse and Tesfa Bedassa. 2013. Determination of the levels of selected metals in seeds, flowers and fruits of medicinal plants used for tapeworm treatment in Ethiopia. Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry, 95 (1): 82-100.
Harvey, D. 2000. Modern analytical chemistry, First Edition, International. Mc Graw Hill.
Authman M. M. and Abbas, H. H. 2007. Accumulation and distribution of copper and zinc in both water and some vital tissues of two fish species (Tilapia zillii and Mugil cephalus) ofLake Qarun, Fayoum Province, Egypt. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science, 10: 2106-2122.
Alemayehu Teshome. 2008. Environment resources and recent impacts in the Hawassa collapsed caldera, Main Ethiopian Rift. Quaternary International, 189: 152-162.
Elizabeth Kebede, Zinabu Gebremariam and Ahgren, H. 1994. The Ethiopian Rift Valley lakes Chemical Characteristics of a Salinity Alkalinity series. Hydrobiological Kluver Academic Publishers, Belgium, 288: 1-12.
FDRE, MoWR. 2002. Ethiopian Guidelines specification for Drinking water quality. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ministry of Water Resources, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
WHO (World Health Organisation). 2008. Guidelines for drinking water quality, 3rd edition. Recommendations. World Health Organisation Press, World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland, 1: 1-459.
FAO, 1985. Water Quality for Agriculture. Irrigation and Drainage Paper No. 29, Rev. 1. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
Machado, L. and Griffith, R. 2005. Quality assurance project plan and sampling analysis and assessment plan for fish tissue surveys for the State of Colorado. Fish Tissue QAPP/SAP. 1-25.
Javed, M. and Saeed, M. A. 2010. Growth and bioaccumulation of Iron in body organs of catla, Labeo rohita and Cirrhina mrigala during chronic exposures. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 12: 881–886.
USEPA (United State Environmental Protection Agency). 2011. Drinking water quality, Heavy metals, Maximum admissible limit, 3: 105-121.
WHO, 2004. Copper in drinking water. Background document for the development of who guidelines for drinking water quality, Geneva.
Kebede Nigussie, Bhagwan Singh, Chandravanshi and Taddese Wondimu. 2010. Correlation among trace metals in Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), sediment and water samples of lakes Awassa and Ziway, Ethiopia. International Journals of Biological and Chemical Science, 4 (5): 1641-1656.
Mulu Berhe, Abraha Gebrekidan and Yirgalem Weldegebriel. 2012. Health risk assessment of heavy metals bioaccumulation in water, sediment and three fish species (Labeobarbus spp, Clarias gariepinus and Oreochromis niloticus) of Tekeze river dam, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Journal of Atmospheric and Earth Environment, 1: 19-29.
APHA (American Public Health Association). 1999. American water works association, Water environment federation. Standard Methods of the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 20th ed. New York: American Public Health Association, APHA, AWWA, and WPCF.
Tariku Bekele, Amare Aregahegn, Tesfaye Hailemariam, Tsegu Lijalem and Alle Madhusudhan. 2015. Determination of the levels of major-essential, minor-essential and toxic metals in Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), Nile Perch (Lates niloticus) and Bagrus (Bagrus docmac) of Lake Abaya, Ethiopia. International Journal of Modern Chemistry and Applied Science, 2 (1): 50-56.
Belay Tafa and Eshete Assefa. 2014. Detection of copper and zinc in water of Lake Chamo, Arba Minch Ethiopia. World Journal of Chemical Education, 2 (3): 42-47.
Abayneh Ataro, Taddese Wondimu and Chandravanshi, B. S. 2003. Trace metals in selected fish species from lakes Awassa and Ziway, Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Science, 26 (2): 103–114.
Akoto, O., Bismark Eshun, F., Darko, G. and Adei, E. 2014. Concentrations and health risk assessments of heavy metals in fish from the fosu lagoon. International Journals of Environment Research, 8 (2): 403-410.
Raphael, K. K., Vincent, K. N., Louis, K. D. and Kenneth, A. E. 2012. Correlation between heavy metals in fish and sediment in Sakumo and Kpeshie Lagoons, Ghana. Journal of Environmental Protection, 3: 1070-1077.
Hossam, A. Z., Adnan, M. A. and Hisham, N. W. 2017 Baseline concentration of heavy metals in fish collected from Gaza fishing harbor in the Mediterranean Sea along Gaza coast, Palestine. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 17: 101-109.
Kisamo, D. S. 2003. Environmental hazards associated with heavy metals in Lake Victoria Basin East Africa Tanzania. African Newlett on occupational Health, 13: 67-69.