Starter Cultures Used in the Production of Probiotic Dairy Products and Their Potential Applications: A Review
Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 2, June 2017, Pages: 83-89
Received: Jan. 2, 2017; Accepted: Jan. 31, 2017; Published: Mar. 4, 2017
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Authors
Md. Rezaul Hai Rakib, Goat and Sheep Production Research Division, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Ahsanul Kabir, Biotechnology Division, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Sardar Mohammad Amanullah, Biotechnology Division, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
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Abstract
The preservation of food by fermentation is one of the oldest methods known to mankind. Fermented dairy products are popular due to their differences in taste and their favorable physiological effects. A typical example is lactic acid fermentation, which is widely used for the preparation of several fermented milk products, such as dahi (curd), yoghurt, sour cream, kefir, acidophilus milk and various varieties of cheeses. Starter cultures have a multifunctional role in dairy fermentations. Dairy starter cultures are carefully selected microorganisms, which are deliberately added to milk to initiate and carry out desired fermentation under controlled conditions in the production of fermented milk products. Most of them belong to lactic acid bacteria (Lactococcus, Lactobacillus, Streptococcus and Leuconostocs). In some cases, few non-lactic starters (bacteria, yeast and mold) are also used along with lactic acid bacteria during manufacturing of specific fermented milk products. Today, fermented dairy products in general are produced locally by using traditional methods. Recently, due to the increased demand for natural nutrients and probiotic products, fermented dairy products have reached a different position and are considered to have an important impact on human health and nutrition.
Keywords
Starter Culture, Lactic Acid Bacteria, Fermentation, Dahi
To cite this article
Md. Rezaul Hai Rakib, Md. Ahsanul Kabir, Sardar Mohammad Amanullah, Starter Cultures Used in the Production of Probiotic Dairy Products and Their Potential Applications: A Review, Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2017, pp. 83-89. doi: 10.11648/j.cbe.20170202.12
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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