Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 1, March 2017, Pages: 14-18
Received: Nov. 27, 2016;
Accepted: Jan. 7, 2017;
Published: Feb. 3, 2017
Views 1895 Downloads 45
Mehrdad Arzanipour, Department of Petroleum Engineering, Omidieh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Omidieh, Iran
Farshad Farahbod, Department of Chemical Engineering, Firoozabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Firoozabad, Iran
Operating conditions chosen in petroleum industries depends on the characteristics of oil which is processed. Knowing about the behavior of oil fluid flow at different amounts of operating pressure and temperature is essential to manufacture the proper equipment and handling the processes. This is more important especially about the new type of oil which contains nano particle. In this study, the dimensionless groups and thermo physic parameters of the nano oil are considered to determine the nano oil behavior. Results show the average increase in the amount of density by addition of 1% of nano ferric oxide is about 1.8%. The addition of nano ferric oxide decreases the value of effective viscosity about the 27%, averagely than the simple oil. The increase in temperature shows the same decraese in the value of effective viscosity for simple oil and nano oil.
Parametric Study on the Physical Properties of Nano Crude Oil, Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering.
Vol. 2, No. 1,
2017, pp. 14-18.
Storm D. A., McKeon R. J., McKinzie H. L., Redus C. L., Drag Reduction in Heavy Oil, J. Energy Resour. Technol. 1999; 121 (3): 145-148.
Rached Ben-Mansour, Pervez Ahmed, Habib M. A., Simulation of Oxy-fuel combustion of heavy oil fuelin a model furnace, J. Energy Resour. Technol. 2015, 137: 032206.
Shadi WH, Mamdouh TG, Nabil E. Heavy crude oil viscosity reduction and rheology for pipeline transportation. Fuel 2010; 89: 1095–100.
Martnez-Palou R, Mosqueira ML, Zapata-Rendَn B, Mar-Juلrez E, Bernal-Huicochea C, Clavel-Lَpez J. C., Transportation of heavy and extra-heavy crude oil by pipeline: a review. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 2011; 75: 274–82.
Elphingstone G. M., Greenhill K. L., Hsu J. J. C., Modeling of Multiphase Wax Deposition, J. Energy Resour. Technol. 1999; 121 (2), 81-85.
Weissman J. G. Review of processes for downhole catalytic upgrading of heavy crude oil. Fuel Proc. Technol. 1997; 50: 199–213.
Rana MS, Sámano V, Ancheyta J, Diaz JAI. A review of recent advances on process technologies for upgrading of heavy oils and residua. Fuel 2007; 86: 1216–31.
Naseri A, Nikazar M, Mousavi DSA. A correlation approach for prediction of crude oil viscosities. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 2005; 47: 163–74.
Hossain MS, Sarica C, Zhang HQ. Assessment and development of heavy-oil viscosity correlations. In: SPE International Thermal Operations and Heavy Oil Symposium, Kalgary, 1–3 November 2005. p. 1–9.
Alomair O, Elsharkawy A, Alkandari H. Viscosity predictions of Kuwaiti heavy crudes at elevated temperatures. In: SPE Heavy Oil Conference and Exhibition, Kuwait, 12–14 December 2011. p. 1–18.
Yigit Ahmet S., Christoforou Andreas P., Stick-Slip and Bit-Bounce Interaction in oil-well Drillstrings, J. Energy Resour. Technol. 2006; 128 (4): 268-274.
Barrufet MA, Setiadarma A. Reliable heavy oil-solvent viscosity mixing rules for viscosities up to 450 K, oil-solvent viscosity ratios up to 4 _ 105, and any solvent proportion. Fluid Phase Equilib. 2003; 213: 65–79.
Luis F. Ayala, Doruk Alp, Evaluation of “Marching Algorithms” in the Analysis of Multiphase Flow in Natural Gas Pipelines, J. Energy Resour. Technol. 2008; 130 (4), 043003.
Yilin Wang John, Well Completion for Effective Deliquification of Natural Gas wells, J. Energy Resour. Technol. 2011; 134 (1):013102.
Chuan Lu, Huiqing Liu, Qiang Zheng, Qingbang Meng, Experimental Study of Reasonable Drawdown Pressure of Horizontal Wells in Oil Reservoir With Bottom Water, J. Energy Resour. Technol. 2014; 136 (3):034502.
Junlai Wu; Yuetian Liu; Haining Yang, New Method of Productivity Equation for Multibranch Horizontal Well in Three-Dimensional Anisotropic Oil Reservoirs, J. Energy Resour. Technol.. 2012; 134 (3): 032801-032801-5.
Anuj Gupta, Performance Optimization of Abrasive Fluid Jet for Completion and Stimulation of Oil and Gas Wells, J. Energy Resour. Technol. 2012; 134 (2): 021001.
N. Bhuwakietkumjohn, S. Rittidech, Internal flow patterns on heat transfer characteristics of a closed-loop oscillating heat-pipe with check valves using ethanol and a silver nano-ethanol mixture, Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci. 34 (2010) 1000-1007.
T. Cho, I. Baek, J. Lee, S. Park, Preparation of nano-fluids containing suspended silver particles for enhancing fluid thermal conductivity offluids, J. Industrial Eng. Chem. 11 (2005) 400–406.
Pavel Ferkl, Richard Pokorný, Marek Bobák, Juraj Kosek, Heat transfer in one-dimensional micro- and nano-cellular foams, Chem. Eng. Sci. 97 (2013) 50-58.
S. P. Jang, S. U. S. Choi, Role of Brownian motion in the enhanced thermal conductivity of nanofluids, Appl. Phys. Letter. 84 (2004) 4316–4318.
A. E. Kabeel, El. Maaty T. Abou, Y. El. Samadony, The effect of using nano-particles on corrugated plate heat exchanger performance, Appl. Therm. Eng. 52 (2013) 221-229.
S. Nadeem, Rashid Mehmood, Noreen Sher Akbar, Non-orthogonal stagnation point flow of a nano non-Newtonian fluid towards a stretching surface with heat transfer International, J. Heat Mass Trans. 57 (2013) 679-689.
Hamid Reza Taghiyari, Effects of Nano-Silver and Nano-Zycosil on Mechanical Strength of Heat, Vapor, and Dry-Ice-Treated Biscuit and Dovetail Medium-Density Fiberboard Miter Joints, Mat. Des. 51 (2013) 695–700.
X. Wang, J. Xian,, L. Hai, L. Xin, W. Fang, F. Zhou, L. Fang, Stability of TiO2 and Al2O3 nanofluids, Chin. Phys. Letter. 28 (2011) 086601.
W. C. Wei, S. H. Tsai, S. Y. Yang, S. W. Kang, Effect of nano-fluid on heat pipe thermal performance, in: Proceedings of the 3rd IASME/ WSEAS International Conference on Heat Transfer, Therm. Eng. Environ. 2 (2005a) 115–117.
W. C. Wei, S. H. Tsai, S. Y. Yang, S. W. Kang, Effect of nano-fluid concentration on heat pipe thermal performance, IASME Trans. 2 (2005b) 1432–1439.
Ahn, C. K., Kim, Y. M., Woo, S. H., Park, J. M., 2008. Soil washing using various nonionic surfactants and their recovery by selective adsorption with activated carbon. J. Hazard. Mater. 154, 153–160.
Barnea, E., Mizrahi, J., 1973. A generalized approach to the fluid dynamics of particulate systems: Part 1. General correlation for fluidization and sedimentation in solid multiparticle systems. Chem. Eng. J. 5, 171–189.
Boyer, C., Duquenne, A.-M., Wild, G., 2002. Measuring techniques in gas–liquid and gas–liquid–solid reactors. Chem. Eng. Sci. 57, 3185–3215.
Dong, X., Pham, T., Yu, A., Zulli, P., 2009. Flooding diagram for multi-phase flow in a moving bed. ISIJ Int. 49, 189–194.