Antibiotic Susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus Isolates from Clinical Samples in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
American Journal of Laboratory Medicine
Volume 2, Issue 4, July 2017, Pages: 41-44
Received: Apr. 13, 2017; Accepted: Aug. 22, 2017; Published: Sep. 12, 2017
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Author
Abdulhadi Sale Kumurya, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Allied Health sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
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Abstract
Bacterial colonies can differ greatly in their morphologies. These differences can help us in identifying different species of bacteria. The clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus are subjected to antibiotic susceptibility, to observe the susceptibility of the isolates against some conventional antibiotics. One hundred and ten (110) pathogenic Staphylococcus aureus strains were used in this study. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were carried out by disc agar diffusion test. Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 was used as a reference control organism. From this study, males were more infected than females, having 60 (61.8%) and 42 (38.2%) respectively. The age group with the highest number of isolates was (0-10) years while blood culture had the highest frequency of Staphylococcus aureus isolates with a frequency of 42 (38.1%). The sensitivity pattern of Staphylococcus aureus to the following antibiotics; clindamycin, ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, cloxacillin, cephalexin, co-trimoxazole, tetracycline and amoxyclav were 85 (77.3%), 72 (65.5%), 66 (60%), 51 (46.4%), 46 (41.8%), 43 (39.1%), 43 (39.1%) and 33 (30%) respectively. This study showed that Clindamycin, Ciprofloxacin and Erythromycin were the most active antibiotics against Staphylococcus aureus. Thus it is believed that these antibiotics should be used in the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus infections in this region. The study provided epidemiologic data and there is the need for consistent on-going antimicrobial resistance surveillance for important and commonly isolated clinically significant pathogens of staphylococcal species to form the basis for developing and implementing measures that can reduce the burden of antimicrobial resistance and prevent a probable impending public health problem.
Keywords
Staphylococcus aureus, Antibiogram, Clinical Samples, Treatment
To cite this article
Abdulhadi Sale Kumurya, Antibiotic Susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus Isolates from Clinical Samples in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria, American Journal of Laboratory Medicine. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2017, pp. 41-44. doi: 10.11648/j.ajlm.20170204.11
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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