Knowledge and Attitude from Mothers on the Impact of Nutrition on the Growth of Under-Five Children in Buchi Compound, Kitwe District
Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2018, Pages: 43-53
Received: Oct. 26, 2018;
Accepted: Nov. 20, 2018;
Published: Mar. 1, 2019
Views 193 Downloads 18
Wilbroad Kondwani Chilenga, Department of Public Health, Michael Chilufya Sata School of Medicine, Copperbelt University, Ndola, Zambia
Alfred Matafwali Sichilima, Department of Biological Sciences, School of Mathematics & Natural Sciences, Copperbelt University, Kitwe, Zambia
Malnutrition is defined by the World Health Organization as the cellular imbalance between supply of nutrients and energy and the body's demand for them to ensure growth, maintenance, and other specific functions. Malnutrition is one of the major causes of death in under-five children. There are many causes of malnutrition, one of them being inadequate maternal nutrition knowledge. This study was designed to assess the knowledge and attitude mothers with under-five children have on nutrition and how this impacts the growth of children. The study was carried out in Buchi compound of Kitwe district of Zambia. A cross sectional survey was done with 270 mothers as respondents. A structured questionnaire is to collect information on their knowledge and attitude towards nutrition and its impact on the growth of children below the age of five years. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 16. The results showed that the age composition of the study population had more persons below the age of 34 with a mean age of 27years. The majority of mothers were married and most of them were housewives. Many of the mothers had attained primary and secondary levels of education. Most of the mothers had good attitudes towards the importance of nutrition. Majority of mothers had some knowledge about nutrition, about 46% had an average nutritional knowledge score. Age, level of education, and occupation were significantly related to knowledge level at 0.05 level (P-values, 0.006, 0.000, 0.000 respectively). There was no significant relationship between marital status and knowledge level (P-value 0.112). The study concluded that mothers have some knowledge about nutrition and that education plays an important role in the acquisition of this knowledge. In addition to nutritional knowledge, the other observed important contributor to poor growth/nutritional status in children is poor social economic status. Generally, the nutritional status of the children was fairly normal though only the dietary aspect was assessed.
Wilbroad Kondwani Chilenga,
Alfred Matafwali Sichilima,
Knowledge and Attitude from Mothers on the Impact of Nutrition on the Growth of Under-Five Children in Buchi Compound, Kitwe District, Rehabilitation Science.
Vol. 3, No. 3,
2018, pp. 43-53.
Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Jones H. Munang’andu, (2013). Pediatric Practice and Child Development.
Martinez B, Webb M. F, Gonzalez A, et al, 2018. Complementary Feeding Intervention on Stunted Guatemalan Children: A Randomised Controlled Trial. BMJ Paediatrics Open.
H. P. Chase & H. P. Martin (1970). Undernutrition and child development.
UNICEF, WHO, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNDP, UNAIDS, WFP, (2010). Facts of Life (fourth edition).
Dakota Karratti, (2015). How Poor Nutrition Affects Child Development.
Kendra Cherry, (2015). Physical Development in Childhood.
Becker S. Gary, 1965. A Theory of the Allocation of Time. The Economic Journal.
Rao S, Joshi S. B, & Kelkar R. S, 2000. Changes in Nutritional Status and Morbidity over time among Pre-school Children from Slums in Pune, India. Indian Pediatr.
Laura S. Sims, Beatrice Paolucci & Portia M. Morris, 2010. A Theoretical Model for the Study of Nutritional Status: An Ecosystem Approach. Ecology of Food and Nutrition journal.
Miller, J. E. & Rodgers, Y. V., 2009. Mother's Education and Children's Nutritional Status: New Evidence from Cambodia. Asian Development Review. 26 (1): 131-165.
Adeladza, T. A., 2009. The Influence of Socio-economic and Nutritional Characteristics on Child Growth in Kwale District of Kenya. African Agriculture Nutrition and Development. 9 (7):1584-5374.
Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) and ICF Macro. 2010. Kenya Demographic and Health Survey 2008-2009. Calverton, Maryland: KNBS and ICF Macro.
Emina, J. B.-O., Kandala, N.-B., Inungu, J. & Yazoume, Y., 2011. Maternal education and child nutritional status in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Public Health and Epidemiology. 3 (12): 576-592.
Piya, L., Maharjan, K. L. & Joshi, N. P., 2011. Livelihood Strategies of Indigenous Nationalities in Nepal:A Case of Chepangs. Journal of International Development and Coope ration. 77 (2): 100-101.
Margaret B. Gichana, 2013. Nutritional Knowledge of Mothers and Nutritional Status of their Children 6-59 months under Malezi Bora Programme in Kawangware Sub Location, Dagoretti, Nairobi County.
Ongosi, A. N., 2010. Nutrient Intake and Nutrition Knowledge of Lactating Women (0-6) months postpartum) in a Law Socio-Economic Area in Nairobi, Kenya, Pretoria: University of Pretoria.
Variyam, J. N. et al., 1999. Mothers' Nutrition Knowledge and Children's Dietary Intakes. American Agricultural Economics Association. 81 (2): 373-384.
Faraque A. S, Ahmed T, Islam M. M, Hossain M. I, Roy S. K, Alam N, Kabir I, & Sack D. A, 2008. Nutrition Basis for Healthy Children and Mothers in Bangladesh. Health Population Nutrition. 26 (3): 325-339.
Christian, P., Abbi, R., Gujral, S. & Gopaldas, T., 1988. The role of maternal literacy and nutrition knowledge in determining children's nutritional status. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 10 (4).
Fransesco, B., 2010. Child Nutrition in Mozambique in 2003: The Role of Mother's Education and Nutrition Knowledge. Economic and Human Biology. 8 (3): 331-45.
Waihenya, E., Kogi-Makau, W. & Muita, J., 1996. Maternal nutritional knowledge and the nutritional status of preschool children in a Nairobi slum. East Africa Medical. 73 (7): 419-23.
Quadri J. Akorede & Ojure M. Abiola, 2013. Assessment of Nutritional Status of Under Five Children in Akure South Local Government, Ondo State, Nigeria. Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Federal University of Agriculture.