An Agronomic and Profitability Study on Rice Production: A Case of Jalgaon Village of Comilla District, Bangladesh
International Journal of Agricultural Economics
Volume 3, Issue 1, January 2018, Pages: 14-22
Received: Jan. 15, 2018;
Accepted: Feb. 24, 2018;
Published: Mar. 26, 2018
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Rozina Yeasmin Lucky, Department of Economics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh
Jahangir Kabir, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Golam Rabbani, Department of Economics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh
Abu Bakr Siddique, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Emran Hossain, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Performance of rice crops in farmers’ fields largely lower than varietal potential. Besides, profitability is an important aspect of production decision for the semi-subsistence farming system in Bangladesh. Therefore, this study was conducted evaluate crops management practice and performance of rice in different seasons. Farmers’ group discussion with key informant farmers was conducted for collecting and validating the data using a semi-structured questionnaire. Adoption of modern rice varieties was high in the village. Rice is planted delay in all the seasons because of three crops (rice-rice-rice) rice based cropping patterns in the village. Farmers mainly relied on household seeds (owned stored and purchase from neighboring farmers) in Aus and Aman seasons while the dealer supplied seed is the prime seed source in Boro season. The seed rates were largely higher than recommendation rates. Farmers’ fertilizers management is highly inconsistent with recommendation practice. Both manual and chemical methods are used for controlling weeds. Chemical method is mainly practiced for controlling insects and diseases of crops. Paddle and power thresher is used for threshing rice. Boro rice gave Boro rice gave higher yield (4.94 t/ha) followed by T. Aman (3.29 t/ha) and Aus (3.09 t/ha) due to better cropping environment, good management practices, higher inputs and usages of better genotypes. The performance of rice in the three seasons showed large yield gap. T. Aman gave higher gross margin (BDT 22,015/ha) followed by Boro (BDT 16,468/ha) and Aus (BDT 9,414/ha) because of higher price and lower production cost. Participation of women in the intercultural operations of crops and their role sin decision making about farming was a few. Nevertheless, they intensively participate in post-harvest processing of crops and other household activates and decisions. In short, despite a large yield gap, rice production is profitable in the three seasons at survey year’s price. The poorer access to extension service, good quality seed, phosphorous fertilizers, pesticides and power supply were identified as barrier to achieve potential performance of rice cultivars and expected level of returns. Thus, policy supports for increasing access to extension supports and quality inputs may reduce yield gap and enhance productivity and profitability of rice crops largely.
Rozina Yeasmin Lucky,
Abu Bakr Siddique,
An Agronomic and Profitability Study on Rice Production: A Case of Jalgaon Village of Comilla District, Bangladesh, International Journal of Agricultural Economics.
Vol. 3, No. 1,
2018, pp. 14-22.
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