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Natural Reproduction of Kutum Rutilus Kutum (Kamenskii, 1901) in Nesarud and Kazemrud Rivers with Respect of the of Water Quality in the Shale Venture Method
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Volume 2, Issue 2, April 2017, Pages: 21-24
Received: Feb. 17, 2017; Accepted: Feb. 25, 2017; Published: Mar. 21, 2017
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Authors
Naderi Jolodar M., Caspian Sea Ecology Research Center, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Sari, Iran
Roohi A., Caspian Sea Ecology Research Center, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Sari, Iran
Tahami F., Caspian Sea Ecology Research Center, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Sari, Iran
Rowshantabari M., Caspian Sea Ecology Research Center, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Sari, Iran
Afraei Bandpaei M. A., Caspian Sea Ecology Research Center, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Sari, Iran
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Abstract
The Caspian Kutum Rutilus kutum natural reproduction by shale technique in Nesarud and Kazemrud Rivers (Mazandaran province, Iran) was conducted in March 2017. A total of 353 and 865 spawners of male and female with the sex ratio of 5.1 to 1 were reintroduced to the rivers, respectively. The macrobenthic and fishes were sampled in three stations set downstream and upstream of shale cites monthly. In a review of two rivers, 8,000 macrobenthic were collected belonging to Oligochaeta, Diptera, Ephemeroptera and Trichoptera. Biological indices (EPT and EPT / CHIR) showed the status of water quality in Kazemrud River was better than Nesarud and the water quality declined from upstream to downstream of the rivers. Hilsenhoff biological index (HFBI) showed the Nesarud River water quality was relatively as poor classes quality and in the upstream and downstream of the Kazemrud shale was appropriate. The number of Rutilus kutum larvae hatched in the Nesarud and Kazemrud rivers were 2000000 and 4200000 individuals larvae, respectively and the number of juveniles in the were 1100000 and 1300000 individuals.
Keywords
Kazemrud and Nesarud Rivers, Rutilus Kutum, Shale, Natural Reproduction, Caspian Sea
To cite this article
Naderi Jolodar M., Roohi A., Tahami F., Rowshantabari M., Afraei Bandpaei M. A., Natural Reproduction of Kutum Rutilus Kutum (Kamenskii, 1901) in Nesarud and Kazemrud Rivers with Respect of the of Water Quality in the Shale Venture Method, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2017, pp. 21-24. doi: 10.11648/j.eeb.20170202.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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