Corneal Injuries Associated with Ocular Hazards in the Welding Industry: A Case Study of Nekede Mechanic Village Nekede, Imo State, Nigeria
International Journal of Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Volume 2, Issue 2, May 2017, Pages: 37-54
Received: Feb. 15, 2017;
Accepted: Mar. 30, 2017;
Published: Apr. 24, 2017
Views 1652 Downloads 109
Desmond Eberechukwu Ihekaire, Department of Optometry, Faculty of Health Sciences, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria
Chinwe Stephanie Oji, Department of Optometry, Faculty of Health Sciences, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria
This is a study of corneal injuries associated with ocular hazards in the welding industries in Nekede Mechanic Village Nekede Imo State. The data were collected from direct interview method and direct observation used to extract facts relating to the injuries and other factors that might predispose to them. The data were analyzed using frequency tables, bar charts and pie charts. A total number of 100 subjects were assessed with the ages of the subjects ranging between 18 and 35 years, selected at random and examined with the ophthalmoscope, penlight and a visual acuity chart, in their respective workshops. The study discovered about 48% of diverse cornea injuries: Pterygium, Pinguecula, Corneal opacity, Limbal changes and Photokeratitis. As shown on frequency distribution tables, pie charts and bar charts, 2% constantly used eye wear, 14% (often users), 41% (occasional users), 43% (never users). About 1.3% of the injuries occurred among regular users, 46.1% (occasional users), 38.1% (never users).This is a proof that the aforementioned injuries are products of non-compliance with the use of eye wear. Therefore, it is recommended that proper orientation and strict compliance should be emphasized on the use of protective eye wears in the welding industry.
Desmond Eberechukwu Ihekaire,
Chinwe Stephanie Oji,
Corneal Injuries Associated with Ocular Hazards in the Welding Industry: A Case Study of Nekede Mechanic Village Nekede, Imo State, Nigeria, International Journal of Ophthalmology & Visual Science.
Vol. 2, No. 2,
2017, pp. 37-54.
Coll, J. R. (1999). The Royal College of Surgeon of Edinburgh; 1999 Oct; 44(5): 317-23.
Yanoff M; Cameron D. (2011). Diseases of the visual system. In Goldman I. Schafer & A. I. Cecil. Medicine 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier.
Grosvenor, T. (1996). Primary eye care optometry, 3rd edition. Boston: Butterworth- Heinemann.
Cary, H. B., & Scott, C, H. (2005). Modern welding technology, 246-249.
Khurana, A. K. (2007): Comprehensive Ophthalmology; 4th edition New Age International publishers, New Delhi, India. Chap 5 and 17.
Nathan, E. (2007): Optometry A-Z: 70-71; 73-83.
Dass, S. B. (2008). Recurrent corneal erosion syndrome. Surv Ophthalmol, 58(1), 3-15.
Gottschalk, M. (2007). Corneal Abrasion and Laceration. Retrieved from http://www.columbusgeorgiaonline.com/corneal-abrasion/
Kanski J. (1998). Clinical ophthalmology 3rd edition. Oxford, USA: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Sliney, D. H. (1994). Ocular hazards of light, pp 183-189. In: T W. Tibb.Hs.ed.
Lombardi, D. A., Pannala, R., Sorock, G, S., Wellman, H., Courtney, T. K., Verma, S., & Smith, G. S. (2005). Welding related occupational eye injuries: a narrative analysis. Injury Prevention, 11, 174–179. doi: 10.1136/ip.2004.007088.
North, R. (2003) Eye protection and ocular hazards, Washington DC. US department of health and services, centre for disease control and prevention 1997.
Whitcher, J. P. (2001). Corneal blindness: A global perspective. Bulletin, World health Organization, 79(3), 214–221.
Thylefors, B. (1992). Epidemiological patterns of ocular trauma. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Ophthalmol, 20, 95-98.
Chukwu G. (1999). Study on eye hazards in Portharcourt oil refinery, Rivers State. Vol 1, 30-32.
Labric D; Moe J; Prince R B; Young M E; Felix C M. Canadian Dental Association, 2011,77, 116.
Reesal, H. A. (1994). Epidemiological patterns of ocular trauma. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Ophthalmology, 20, 99-103.
Nakagawara, S. (1980). Prevention of injuries. Industries Journal, 57, 130-130-142.
Brophy, M., Zhou, J., Pattanaiks, W. P. (2006). Estimate of Eye injuries in the United States. Centre for Injury Research and Policy Journal, 6, 44.
Omoti, A., Omoti, C., & Mommoh, R. (2008). Ocular disorders in a petroleum industry in Nigeria. Eye journal, 18(7), 925-929.
Waziri et al. (2008). Ocular disorders in a petroleum industry in Nigeria. West African Journal of Medicine, 6(4), 27-28.
Duke-Elder, S., & Macfaul, P. A. (1972). System of Ophthalmology. London: Kimpton.
Walter, C. (1989). National occupational exposure survey. American journal of Optometry.
Tituyal, J., Paliwal, P., Sharman, A., & Tandon, R. (1998). Ocular Morbidity in a North Indian town. Indian Journal of public health, 42(2), 29-33.
Okoye, O., & Umeh, R. (2002). Eye health of industrial workers in the south-east Nigeria. West African journal of medicine, 21(2), 132-137.
Omoti, A., & Enock, M. (2009). Non traumatic ocular findings in industrial workers in Delta State, Nigeria. Eye Journal, 20(16), 214-215.
Abiose, A., & Otache, M. (1981). Ophthalmic needs of Nigerian factory workers. Journal of Tropicmedical Hygiene, 84(4), 160-162.
Yu, T. S. (2004). A case control study of eye injuries in workplace in Hongkong. Journal of ophthalmology, 11(1), 70-74.
Kagami, S., Bradshaw, S., Fukumoto, M., Tsukui, I., Aviat space environs med. 2009 Sept; 80(9), 811-114.
Hotstetter, A. G. (Ed.) (1997). Lasers in Urological Surgery. Wiesbaden: Stringer.
Gulacsik, C., Auth, D. C., & Silverstein, F. E. (1979). Ophthalmic hazards associated with laser endoscopy. Applied Optics, 14(11), 1816-1823.
Hendrix, A. (1970), Industrial vision. Journal of American Optometric Association, 30(15), 601-607.
Smillie, W. G. (1997). Preventive medicine and public health. Macmillan London journal of public health, 6(4), 1-8.
Asogwa, S. E. (1985). Accidents in industry: a guide to occupational health practice in developing countries. Epidemiology of industry, 10, 236.
Pigeon. R T. (1964). Industrial vision. Journal of American Optometric Association, 35(9), 787-792.
Miller, C. (1999). Occupational vision programmes and identification. Prevention of Ocular hazards, 52, 240-243.