Corneal Injuries Associated with Ocular Hazards in the Welding Industry: A Case Study of Nekede Mechanic Village Nekede, Imo State, Nigeria
International Journal of Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Volume 2, Issue 2, May 2017, Pages: 37-54
Received: Feb. 15, 2017; Accepted: Mar. 30, 2017; Published: Apr. 24, 2017
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Authors
Desmond Eberechukwu Ihekaire, Department of Optometry, Faculty of Health Sciences, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria
Chinwe Stephanie Oji, Department of Optometry, Faculty of Health Sciences, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria
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Abstract
This is a study of corneal injuries associated with ocular hazards in the welding industries in Nekede Mechanic Village Nekede Imo State. The data were collected from direct interview method and direct observation used to extract facts relating to the injuries and other factors that might predispose to them. The data were analyzed using frequency tables, bar charts and pie charts. A total number of 100 subjects were assessed with the ages of the subjects ranging between 18 and 35 years, selected at random and examined with the ophthalmoscope, penlight and a visual acuity chart, in their respective workshops. The study discovered about 48% of diverse cornea injuries: Pterygium, Pinguecula, Corneal opacity, Limbal changes and Photokeratitis. As shown on frequency distribution tables, pie charts and bar charts, 2% constantly used eye wear, 14% (often users), 41% (occasional users), 43% (never users). About 1.3% of the injuries occurred among regular users, 46.1% (occasional users), 38.1% (never users).This is a proof that the aforementioned injuries are products of non-compliance with the use of eye wear. Therefore, it is recommended that proper orientation and strict compliance should be emphasized on the use of protective eye wears in the welding industry.
Keywords
Corneal Injuries, Ocular Hazards, Welding Industry, Nekede, Mechanic Village, Imo State, Nigeria
To cite this article
Desmond Eberechukwu Ihekaire, Chinwe Stephanie Oji, Corneal Injuries Associated with Ocular Hazards in the Welding Industry: A Case Study of Nekede Mechanic Village Nekede, Imo State, Nigeria, International Journal of Ophthalmology & Visual Science. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2017, pp. 37-54. doi: 10.11648/j.ijovs.20170202.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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