The Role of Passive Defense in Reducing the Risks of Earthquakes
American Journal of Civil Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 2-2, March 2015, Pages: 6-9
Received: Jan. 13, 2015;
Accepted: Jan. 17, 2015;
Published: Feb. 5, 2015
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Mohammadreza Nikoumanesh, Civil Engineering department, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
Alireza Nazarkhah, Industrial Engineering department, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
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The protection and stabilization of populous industrial cities that are near active faults in Iran against risks of earthquakes are of important duties of each Iranian. The goals of passive defense against earthquakes include the continuation of infrastructure activities, provision of essential requirements, continuity of public services, and facilitation of the country’s management in threatening conditions, crises, earthquakes, and any other natural events and disasters. Maintenance of the government’s managing power is possible through the implementation of passive defense projects and reduction of the vulnerability of vital structures. Therefore, every program designed and implemented as the passive defense seeks to increase the capacity of the country for dealing with probable threats of any natural disasters, especially earthquakes, and also improve the public tolerance threshold and capabilities to face with emergencies and crises besides paying attention to security and economic problems.
Earthquakes, Passive Defense, Risk Reduction
To cite this article
The Role of Passive Defense in Reducing the Risks of Earthquakes, American Journal of Civil Engineering. Special Issue: Research and Practices of Civil Engineering in Developing Countries.
Vol. 3, No. 2-2,
2015, pp. 6-9.
H. Beirami Fam Maleki, “The role of the passive defense in management of the crisis caused by earthquakes” The first international conference of seismic retrofitting. Tabriz, Iran. Oct. 20th - 22nd, 2008.
M. S. Jebel Amoli, A. Mirmohammad Sadeghi, Value engineering. Forat Publications, 2001.