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Governance in Land Acquisition and Compensation for Infrastructure Development
American Journal of Civil Engineering
Volume 5, Issue 3, May 2017, Pages: 169-178
Received: Mar. 15, 2017; Accepted: Mar. 31, 2017; Published: Apr. 17, 2017
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Subash Ghimire, Department of Civil and Geomatics Engineering, School of Engineering, Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel, Nepal
Arbind Tuladhar, Department of Civil and Geomatics Engineering, School of Engineering, Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel, Nepal
Sagar Raj Sharma, Department of Development Studies, School of Arts, Kathmandu University, Lalitpur, Nepal
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Investment in infrastructure development such as road, railways, airport, hydropower, irrigation and town development for public purpose is very important for the development of any country and needs a huge quantity of land. The main objective of the paper is to find out the gaps on land acquisition and compensation processes for infrastructure development projects in Nepal. This research paper is based on the desk study using the experiences of the cases in infrastructure development projects in China, India, Malaysia and Norway. In this study, we emphasize three main issues for identifying the gaps in land acquisition and compensation and these are i) law and regulations, ii) procedure for land acquisition and compensation, and iii) land valuation approaches for compensation. The relevant land governance elements such as public participation, access to information, fair compensation, transparent procedure and stakeholder co-ordination are derived using the World Bank Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF) and UN-FAO Voluntary Guideline of Governance of Tenure. The study shows that the practices and processes in compulsory purchase and compensation are quite different in different countries due to its legal, social and political contexts. The study reveals that the different countries have different law and regulations, procedure for land acquisition and land valuation approaches depending upon social, political and economic conditions of the country. The major gap identified from the study about the situation in Nepal is the implementation aspects of land acquisition, compensation and land valuation system in reference to good governance principles namely public participation, access to information, transparent procedure and stakeholder’s interaction.
Governance, Acquisition, Compensation, Valuation, Infrastructure
To cite this article
Subash Ghimire, Arbind Tuladhar, Sagar Raj Sharma, Governance in Land Acquisition and Compensation for Infrastructure Development, American Journal of Civil Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2017, pp. 169-178. doi: 10.11648/j.ajce.20170503.17
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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