Please enter verification code
Use of Limestone Fines to Reduce Permeability of Concrete for Durability Improvement
American Journal of Civil Engineering
Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016, Pages: 185-190
Received: Jun. 21, 2016; Published: Jun. 30, 2016
Views 6216      Downloads 230
J. J. Chen, Department of Civil Engineering, Foshan University, Foshan, China
P. L. Ng, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Vilnius, Lithuania; Department of Civil Engineering, the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
L. G. Li, Department of Civil Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou, China
A. K. H. Kwan, Department of Civil Engineering, the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Article Tools
Follow on us
Traditionally, the use of limestone fines (LF) in concrete is to replace either part of the cement or part of the fine aggregate, notwithstanding this, the authors are advocating that the LF should be better used as cement paste replacement, which is expected to improve the durability and sustainability of concrete at the same time. To verify this new strategy of using LF, 9 nos. concrete mixes of the same powder paste volume ratio and variable LF contents and W/C ratios were produced for permeability and strength measurement. The results proved that the strategy of using LF to partially replace cement paste could effectively decrease the permeability and increase the strength at the same W/C ratio. Furthermore, even when the W/C ratio is allowed to slightly increase while keeping the concrete at the same strength, the permeability can also be significantly reduced for better durability by using LF as cement paste replacement.
Durability, Limestone Fines, Permeability
To cite this article
J. J. Chen, P. L. Ng, L. G. Li, A. K. H. Kwan, Use of Limestone Fines to Reduce Permeability of Concrete for Durability Improvement, American Journal of Civil Engineering. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2016, pp. 185-190. doi: 10.11648/j.ajce.20160404.18
British Standards Institution, BS EN 197-1: 2011, Cement - Part 1: Composition, specifications and conformity criteria for common cements, BSI, London, UK; 2011.
L. G. Li, A. K. H. Kwan, “Adding limestone fines as cementitious paste replacement to improve tensile strength, stiffness and durability of concrete” Cem. Con. Comp. vol. 60 (6), 2015, pp. 17-24.
G. Fares, “Effect of slump cone orientation on the slump flow time (T50) and stability of sustainable self-compacting concrete containing limestone filler,” Constr. Build. Mater. vol. 77, 2015, pp. 145-153.
S. Kenai, B. Menadi, A. Attar, and J. Khatib, “Effect of crushed limestone fines on strength of mortar and durability of concrete,” Proceedings, International Conference on Construction and Building Technology (ICCBT), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2008, pp. 205-216.
Z. Guemmadi, H. Houari, and B. Toumi, “Behaviour of limestone sand based concrete with variable filler content,” Proceedings, Annual Conference - Canadian Society for Civil Engineering, vol. 2, 2008, pp. 1232-1242.
C. Aquino, M. Inoue, H. Miura, M. Mizuta, and T. Okamoto, “The effects of limestone aggregate on concrete properties,” Constr. Build. Mater. vol. 24 (12), 2010, pp. 2363-2368.
B. Menadi, S. Kenai, J. Khatib, and A. Aït-Mokhtar, “Strength and durability of concrete incorporating crushed limestone sand,” Constr. Build. Mater. vol. 23 (2), 2009, pp. 625-633.
A. M. Diab, A. E. M. Abd Elmoaty, A. A. Aly, “Long term study of mechanical properties, durability and environmental impact of limestone cement concrete,” Alexandria Engineering Journal, In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 19 February 2016.
A. M. Diab, I. A. Mohamed, A. A. Aliabdo, “Impact of organic carbon on hardened properties and durability of limestone cement concrete,” Constr. Build. Mater. vol. 102, 2016, pp. 688-698.
British Standards Institution, BS 12: 1996, Specifications for Portland cement, BSI, London, UK; 1996.
British Standards Institution, BS 882: 1992, Specification for aggregates from natural sources for concrete. BSI, London, UK; 1992.
British Standards Institution, BS EN 12390-8: 2009, Testing hardened concrete - Part 8: Depth of penetration of water under pressure. BSI, London, UK; 2009.
V. S. Ramachandran, and J. J. Beaudoin, Handbook of Analytical Techniques in Concrete Science and Technology: Principles, Techniques and Applications. William Andrew, Norwich, UK; 2000, pp. 709.
American Society for Testing and Materials, ASTM C642-06, Standard test method for density, absorption, and voids in hardened concrete. ASTM International, USA; 2006.
British Standards Institution, BS EN 12390-3: 2009, Testing hardened concrete - Part 3: Compressive strength of test specimens. BSI, London, UK; 2009.
A. M. Poppe, and G. De Schutter, “Cement hydration in the presence of high filler contents,” Cem. Con. Res. vol. 35 (12), 2005, pp. 2290-2299.
S. Tsivilis, J. Tsantilas, G. Kakali, E. Chaniotakis, and A. Sakellariou, “The permeability of Portland limestone cement concrete,” Cem. Con. Res. vol. 33 (9), 2003, pp. 1465-1471.
D. P. Bentz, E. F. Irassar, B. E. Bucher, and W. J. Weiss, “Limestone fillers conserve cement: Part 1: An analysis based on Powers’ model,” Con. Int. vol. 31 (11), 2009, pp. 41-46.
D. P. Bentz, E. F. Irassar, B. E. Bucher, and W. J. Weiss, “Limestone fillers conserve cement: Part 2: Durability issues and the effects of limestone fineness on mixtures,” Con. Int. vol. 31 (12), 2009, pp. 35-39.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186