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A Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram for Spatial Analysis of Traffic Flow: A Case Study of Nyeri Town, Kenya
American Journal of Civil Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2015, Pages: 150-156
Received: Sep. 1, 2015; Accepted: Sep. 21, 2015; Published: Oct. 22, 2015
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Lekariap Edwin Mararo, Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya
Abiero Gariy, Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya
Mwatelah Josphat, Department of Geomatic Engineering and Geospatial Information Systems, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya
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Traffic flow analysis is an essential component of a town’s traffic and transport systems since these flows could, and often do lead to the occurrence of congestion on our roads.Traffic congestion is a growing problem in Nyeri, Kenya, resulting from rapidly increasing population and the crowding of motorized traffic onto a limited street network. This research performed spatial analysis of traffic flows on some road links in Nyeri town. On those selected road links it also established fundamental traffic flow models and derived the flow characteristics associated with traffic operations in Nyeri town, determined the characteristics of a Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram (MFD) for Nyeri town and assessed to determine whether it is a property of the network infrastructure and control or of the travel demand. In this research, MetroCount Vehicle Classifier was used to collect traffic intensity and velocity data at different locations of the network over certain durations and at the same period between January 2015 and February 2015. The analysis of the data was performed by the MetroCount Traffic Executive MCReport. The MFD resulting from the study served as a road network performance indicator, which tells the performance levels of the town in general, in terms of traffic flow. The research was used to determine the capacity of the road network and the level of congestion in different links thereby determining the adequacy of the network. The speeds in Nyeri town are moderate, however, low and high speeds occur occasionally and the volumes of traffic in Nyeri town are not high hence congestions are rarely experienced. The results of this research study are anticipated to better traffic management, and also improve mobility and accessibility in Nyeri town.
Microscopic Fundamental Diagram, Network Infrastructure, Nyeri Town, Spatial Analysis, Traffic Flow
To cite this article
Lekariap Edwin Mararo, Abiero Gariy, Mwatelah Josphat, A Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram for Spatial Analysis of Traffic Flow: A Case Study of Nyeri Town, Kenya, American Journal of Civil Engineering. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 150-156. doi: 10.11648/j.ajce.20150305.13
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