Preparation and Characterization of Polyaniline Nanotube
American Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 3, Issue 3-1, June 2015, Pages: 54-59
Received: Apr. 30, 2015; Accepted: May 6, 2015; Published: May 13, 2015
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H. Shokry Hassan, Electronic Materials Researches Department, Advanced Technology and New Materials and Research Institute (ATNMRI), City of Scientific Research and Technological Applications, Alexandria, Egypt
M. F. Elkady, Chemical and Petrochemical Engineering Department, Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology, Alexandria, Egypt; Fabrication Technology Department, Advanced Technology and New Materials and Research Institute (ATNMRI), City of Scientific Research and Technological Applications, Alexandria, Egypt
M. A. Abd El kawi, Environmental Studies Department, Institute of Graduate Studies& Research, Alexandria University, Egypt
M. F. Alian, Environmental Studies Department, Institute of Graduate Studies& Research, Alexandria University, Egypt
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The present work reports slightly modification of the conventional chemical synthesis of polyaniline (PANI) to be nanotube structure without the need for any template or structural directing materials. PANI preparation was optimized by the oxidation of two different precursors: aniline and aniline hydrochloride with ammonium persulfate (APS) as oxidizing agent in various aqueous media of strong, weak acid and in alkaline medium at different pH values. Structural and morphological properties of the products are characterized by SEM, XRD and FTIR. Results showed the strong dependence of PANI nanotube on the acidity at certain pH value during the oxidation of aniline by APS. It is founded that, the optimum condition for preparation of PANI nanotube was obtained under oxidation of aniline monomer by APS in aqueous media of weak acid medium at pH five degree.
Characterization, Conducting Polymer, Polyaniline Nanotube
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H. Shokry Hassan, M. F. Elkady, M. A. Abd El kawi, M. F. Alian, Preparation and Characterization of Polyaniline Nanotube, American Journal of Applied Chemistry. Special Issue: Nano-Technology for Environmental Aspects. Vol. 3, No. 3-1, 2015, pp. 54-59. doi: 10.11648/j.ajac.s.2015030301.18
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